[FIRST PUBLISHED IN ROME, A.D. 64.]
The beginning of the Gospel of Jesus Christ, Son of God.
2.--AS it is written in Isaiah the Prophet, "Behold, I send my messenger bfore thee, who shall prepare thy way:" "The voice of one proclaiming in the wilderness, Prepare a way for the Lord, make for him a straight passage:" this came John immersing in the wilderness, and publishing the immersion of reformation for the remission of sins. And all the country of Judea, and the inhabitants of Jerusalem resorted to him, and were immersed by him in the river Jordan, confessing their sins. Now John's clothing was of camel's hair, tied round his waist with a leather girdle: and he lived upon locusts and wild honey. And he proclaimed, saying, One mightier than I comes after me, whose shoe-latchet I am unworthy to stoop down and untie. I, indeed, have immersed you in water; but he will immerse you in the Holy Spirit.
9.--At that time Jesus came from Nazareth of Galilee to the Jordan, and was immersed by John. As soon as he arose out of the water, he saw the sky part asunder, and the Spirit descend upon him like a dove. And a voice was heard from heaven, which said, Thou art my Son, the beloved, in whom I delight.
12.--Immediately after this, the Spirit conveyed him into the wilderness; and he continued in the wilderness forty days tempted by Satan; and was among the wild beasts; and the heavenly messengers ministered to him.
14.--But after John's imprisonment, Jesus went to Galilee, proclaiming the good tidings of the Reign of God. The time, said he, is accomplished, the Reign of God approaches; reform, and believe the good tidings.
16.--Then walking by the sea of Galilee, he saw Simon, and Andrew, Simon's brother, casting a drag net into the sea, for they were fishers. Jesus said to them, Come with me, and i will cause you to be fishers of men. Immediately they left their nets, and followed him. Passing on a little, and seeing James, son of Zebedee, with John his brother, who were mending their nets in a bark, he immediately called them: and, leaving their father Zebedee in the bark with the hired servants, they accompanied him.
21.--And they went to Capernaum; and on the Sabbath he repaired directly to the Synagogue, and instructed the people, who were filled with admiration at his manner of teaching; for he taught as one having authority, and not as the scribes.
23.--Now there was in their synagogue a man possessed with an unclean spirit, who cried out, Ah! Jesus of Nazareth, what hast thou to do with us? Art thou come to destroy us? I know who thou art, the Holy One of God. Jesus rebuking him, said, Be silent, and come out of him. Then the unclean spirit threw him into convulsions; and, raising loud cries, came out of him: at which they were all so amazed, that they asked one another, What does this mean? What new teaching is this? For he commands with authority even the unclean spirits, and they obey him. And thenceforth his fame spread through all the region of Galilee.
29.--As soon as they were come out of the synagogue, they went with James and John into the house of Simon and Andrew, where Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, of which they immediately acquainted Jesus. And he came, and taking her by the hand, raised her; instantly the fever left her, and she entertained them.
32.--In the evening, after sun-set, they brought to him all the sick, and the demoniacs; the whole city being assembled at the door. And he healed many persons affected with various diseases, and expelled many demons, whom he permitted not to speak, because they knew him.
35.--On the morrow, having risen before the dawn, he went out, and retired to a solitary place, and prayed there. And Simon and his company went in quest of him, and having found him, said to him, Every person seeks you. Jesus said, Lt us go to the neighboring boroughs to make proclamation there also; for I came out with this design. Accordingly he proclaimed in their synagogues throughout all Galilee, and expelled demons.
40.--And a leper came to him, and on his knees entreated him, saying, If you will, you can cleanse me. Jesus had compassion, and stretching out his hand and touching him, said, I will, be you clean. This he had no sooner uttered, than the leprosy departed from the man, and he was cleansed. Then Jesus strictly charging him, and dismissing him, said, See you tell nothing of this to any man; but go, show yourself to the priest; and offer for your cleansing the things prescribed by Moses, that it may be notified to the people. But the man, as soon as he was gone, began to blaze this story, talking oepnly every where, insomuch that Jesus could not longer publicly appear in the city; but remained without in solitary places, whither the people resorted to him from all parts.
II.--After many days, he returned to Capernaum; and when it was known that he was in the house, such a multitude flocked thither, that there was no room for them, not even near the door, and he taught them the word.
3.--A paralytic was then brought, carried by four men, who, not being able to come nigh him for the crowd, uncovered the place where Jesus was; and, through the opening, let down the couch, on which the paralytic lay. Jesus perceiving their faith, said to the paralytic, Son, your sins are forgiven you. But certain scribes who were present, reasoned thus within themselves: How does this man speak such blasphemies? Who can forgive sins but God? Jesus immediately knowing in himself, that they made these reflections, said to them, Why do you reason thus within yourselves? Which is easier, to say to the paralytic, Your sins are forgiven, or to say, with effect, Arise, take up your couch and walk? But that you may know that the Son of Man has power upon the earth to forgive sins, rise (he said to the paralytic,) I command you, take up your couch, and go home. Immediately he arose, took up the couch, and walked out before them all; insomuch that they were all amazed, and glorified God, saying, We never saw any thing like this.
13.--Again, he went out towards the sea, and all the multitude repaired to him, and he taught them. Passing along, he saw Levi, son of Alpheus, sitting at the toll office, and said to him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him. Now when Jesus was eating in this man's house, several publicans and sinners placed themselves at table with him and his disciples: for many of these people followed him. The Scribes and the Pharisees, seeing him eat with publicans and sinners, said to his disciples, Wherefore does he eat with publicans and sinners? Jesus hearing this, replied, The whole need not a physician, but the sick. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners.
18.--The disciples of John, and those of the Pharisees, accustomed to fasting, came to him and said, John's disciples and those of the Pharisees, fast; why do not your disciples fast? Jesus answered, Do the bridemen fast while the bridegroom is with them? While the bridegroom is with them they do not fast. But the days will come, when the bridegroom shall be taken from them; and in those days they will fast. No person sews a piece of undressed cloth on an old garment; otherwise the new patch tears the old cloth, and makes a worse rent. No person puts new wine into old leather bottles; else the new wine bursts the bottles; and thus both the wine is spilt, and the bottles are rendered useless; but new wine must be put into new bottles.
23.--Once, when he was going through th corn on the Sabbath, his disciples began to pluck the ears of corn as they went. The Pharisees said to him, Why do they that which, on the Sabbath, is unlawful to do? He answered, Did you never read what David and his attendants did, in a strait, when they were hungry, how he entered the tabernacle of God, in the days of Abiathar the high priest, and eat the loaves of the presence, which none but the priests could lawfully eat, and gave of them also to his attendants? He added, The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Therefore the Son of Man is master even of the Sabbath.
III.--At another time he entered the synagogue, when a man was there who had a withered han. And they, with a design to accuse Jesus, watched him, to see whether he would heal the man on the Sabbath. Jesus said to the man, who had the withered hand, stand up in the midst. Then he said to them, Whether is it lawful to do good on the Sabbath, or to do evil-o-t save, or to kill? But they were silent. And looking around on them with anger, being grieved for the blindness of their minds, he said to the man, Stretch out your hand: and as he stretched out his hand, it was restored. And the Pharisees went out immediately, and conspired with the Herodians against him to destroy him.
7.--But Jesus withdrew with his disciples towards the sea, whither a great multitude followed him from Galilee, from Judea, from Jerusalem, from Idumea, and from the banks of the Jordan. They also of the territories of Tyre and Sidon, having heard what wonders he had performed, flocked to him in crowds. Then he ordered his disciples to get a boat to attend him, because of the multitude, lest they should throng him: for he had healed many, which made all, who had maladies, press upon him to touch him. And the unclean spirits, when they beheld him, prostrated themselves before him, crying, Thou art the Son of God. But he strictly charged them not to make him known.
The Nomination of Apostles.
13.--AFTERWARDS Jesus went up a mountain, and called to him whom he would, and they went to him. And he selected twelve, that they might attend him, and that he might commission them to make proclamation; empowering them to cure diseases, and to expel demons. These were Simon, whom he surnamed Peter, and James, son of Zebedee, and John, the brother of James. These he surnamed Boanerges, that is, sons of thunder; and Andrew, and Philip, and Bartholomew, and Matthew, and Thomas, and James, son of Alpheus, and Thaddeus, and Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him.
20.--Then they went into a house, whither a crowd again assembled, so that Jesus and his disciples could not so much as eat. His kinsmen hearing this, went out to seize him, (for they said, He is beside himself. And the scribes who came from Jerusalem, said, He is confederate with Beelzebub, and expels demons by the prince of demons.) jesus having called them, said to them by similitudes, HOw can Satan expel satan? If a kingdom be torn by factions, that kingdom cannot subsist. And if a family be torn by factions, that family cannot subsist. Thus, if Satan fight against himself, and be divided, he cannot subsist, but is near his end. No one who enters the strong one's house, can plunder his goods, unless he first overpower the strong one; then, indeed, he may plunder his house. Indeed, I say to you, that though all other sins int he sons of men are pardonable, and whatever slandres they shall utter; whosoever shall speak slanderously against the Holy Spirit, shall never be pardoned, but is liable to eternal punishment. He said this because they affirmed he was leagued with an unclean spirit.
31.--Meanwhile came his mother and brothers, who standing without, sent for him. And the crowd who sat round him, said to him, Lo, your mother and brothers are without, and seek you. He answered them, saying, Who is my mother or my brothers? And looking about on those who sat around him, he said, Behold my mother and my brothers; for whosoever does the will of God, is my brother, my sister, and mother.
IV.--Again, he was teaching by the sea side, when so great a multitude gathered about him, that he was obliged to go abroad a bark, and sit there, while all the people remained on shore. Then he taught them many things by parables.
3.--In teaching, he said to them, Attend, behold the sower went out to sow. And as he sowed, part of the seed fell by the way side, and the birds came and picked it up. Part fell upon rocky ground, where it had little mould. This sprang the sooner, because there was no depth of soil. But after the sun had beaten upon it, it was scorched, and having no root, it withered away. Part fell among thorns; and the torns grew up and stifled it, so that it yielded nothing. Part fell into good ground, and sprang up, and became so fruitful, that some grains produced thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred. He added, Whoever has ears to hear, let him har.
10.--When he was in private, those who were about him with the twelve, asked him the meaning of the parable. He said to them, It is your privilege to know the secrets of the Reign of God, but to those without every thing is veiled in parables; that they may not perceive what they look at, or understand what they hear; lest they should be reclaimed, and obtain the forgiveness of their sins. He said also to them, Do you not understand this parable? How then will you understand all the parables?
14.--The sower is he, who disperses the word. The way side on which some of the grain fell, denotes those who have no sooner heard the word, than Satan comes, and takes away that which was sown in their hearts. The rocky ground denotes those, who, hearing the word, receive it at first with pleasure; yet not having it rooted in their minds, retain it but a while; for when trouble or persecution comes because of the word, they instantly relapse. The ground overrun with thorns, denotes those hearers, in whom worldly cares, and delusive riches, and the inordinate desire of other things, stifle the word, and render it unfruitful. The good soil on which some grains yielded thirty, some sixty, and some a hundred, denotes those who hear the word, and retain it, and produce the fruits thereof.
21.--He said further, Is a lamp brought to be put under a vessel, or under a bed, and not to be set on a stand? For there is no secret, that is not to be discovered; nor has any thing been concealed, which is not to be divulged. If any man have ears to hear, let him hear.
24.--He said, moreover, Consider what you hear; with the measure with which you give, you shall receive. For to him who has, more shall be given; but from him who has not, even that which he has shall be taken.
26.--He said also, The kingdom of god is like seed, which a man sowed in his field. While he slept by night, and waked by day, the seed shot up, and grew without his minding it. For the earth produces of itself first the blade, then the ear; afterwards the full corn. But as soon as the grain was ripe, he applied the sickle, because it was time to reap it.
30.--He said also, To what shall we compare the kingdom of God, or by what similitude shall we represent it? It is like a grain of mustard seed, which, when it is sown in the earth, is the smallest of all the seeds that are there. But after it is sown, it springs up, and becomes greater than any herb, and shoots out branches so large, that under their shades, the birds of the air may find shelter.
33.--And in many such similitudes, he conveyed instruction to the people, as he found them disposed to hear: and without a similitude he told them nothing; but he solved all to his disciples in private.
35.--That day, in the evening, he said to them, Let us pass to the other side. And they, leaving the people, but having him in the bark, set sail in company with other small barks. Then there arose a great storm of wind, which drove the billows into the bark, which was now full. Jesus being in the stern, asleep on a pillow, they awake him, saying, Rabbi, do you not care that we perish? And he arose, and commanded the wind, saying to the sea, Peace! be still! Immediately the wind ceased, and a great calm ensued. And he said to them, Why are you so timorous? How is it that you have no faith? And they were exceedingly terrified, and said to one another, Who is this, V. whom even the wind and the sea obey? Then they crossed the sea, and came into the country of the Gadarenes.
2.--He was no sooner gone ashore, than there met him a man coming from the monuments, possessed of an unclean spirit, who made his abode in the tombs; and no man could confine him, not even with chains. For he had been often bound with fetters and chains, and had wrenched off the chains, and broken the fetters, so that no person was able to tame him. He was continually, night and day, in the mountains, and in the tombs, howling, and cutting himself with flints. But when he saw Jesus afar off, he ran, and prostrating himself before him, cried out, What hast thou to do with me, Jesus, Son of the Most High God? I conjure thee by God not to torment me. (For Jesus had said to him, Come out of the man, you unclean spirit.) Jesus asked him, What is your name? He answered, My name is Legion, for we are many. And he earnestly entreated him not to drive them out of the country. Now there was a great herd of swine feeding on the mountain. And the fiends besought him, saying, Siffer us to go to the swine, that we may enter into them. Jesus immediately permitted them. Then the unclean spirits being gone out, entered into the swine; and the herd, in number about two thousand, rushed down a precipice into the sea, and were choaked. And the swineherds fled, and told it in the city and villages. And the people flocked out to see who had been possessed by the legion, sitting, and clothed, and in his right mind, they were afraid. And those who had seen the whole, having related to them what had happened to the demoniac, and to the swine, they entreated him to leave their territories. As he entered the bark, the man who had been possessed, begged permission to attend him. Jesus, however, did not permit him, but said, Go home to your relations, and tell them what great things the Lord, in pity, has done for you. Accordingly he departed, publishing in Decapolis, what great things Jesus had done for him. And all were amazed.
21.--Jesus having repassed in the bark, a great crowd gathered round him, while he was on the shore. Then came one of the directors of the synagogue, named Jairus, who seeing him, threw himself at his feet, and entreated him earnestly, saying, My little daughter is in extreme danger; I pray you come, and lay your hands upon her to heal her, and she will be well. And Jesus went with him, followed by a great multitude who throned him.
25.--And a woman, who had been twelve years distressed with an issue of blood, who had suffered much from several physicians, and had spent her all without receiving any relief, but rather growing worse, having heard of Jesus, came in the crowd behind, and touched his mantle; for she had said, If I but touch his clothes, I shall recover. Instantly th source of her distemper was dried up, and she felt in her body , that she was delivered from that scourge. Jesus immediatley, conscious of the virtue which had issued form him, turned towards the crowd, saying, Who touched my clothes? His disciples answered, You see how the multitude throng you; yet you say, Who touched me? But he looked round him, to see her who had done it. Then the woman, knowing the change wrought upon her, came trembling with fear, threw herself prostrate before him, and confessed the whole truth. But he said to her, Daughter, your faith has cured you; go in peace, released from this scourge.
35.--Before he had done speaking, messengers came from the house of the director of the synagogue, who said, "Your daughter is dead, why should you trouble the teacher any further? Jesus hearing this message delivered, said immediately to the director, Fear not; only believe. And he allowed no person to follow him except Peter and James, and John, the brother of James. Being arrived at the director's house, and seeing the tumult, and the people weeping and wailing immoderately, he said to them, as he entered, Why do you weep and make a bustle? The child is not dead, but asleep. And they derided him. But having made them all go out, he took with him the child's father and mother, and those who came with him; and he entered the chamber where she was; and, taking her by the hand, said to her, Talitha cumi, (which signifies, Young woman, arise,) I command you. Immediately the maid arose and walked, for she was twelve years old; and they were confounded with astonishment. But he strictly enjoined them not to mention it to any person, and ordered that something should be given her to eat.
The First Mission of the Apostles.
VI.--JESUS leaving that place, went to his own country, accompanied by his disciples. And on the Sabbath he taught in their synagogues, and many who heard him said with astonishment, Whence has this man these abilities? What wisdom is this which he has gotten? and how are so great miracles performed by him? Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James and Joses, and Judas and Simon? Are not his sisters also here with us? And they were offended at him. But Jesus said to them, A prophet is no where disregarded, except in his own country,and amongst his own relations, and in his own house. And he could do no miracle there, except curing a few sick by laying his hands on them. And he wondered at their unbelief.
6.--And he went through the neighboring villages teaching. And having called to him the twelve, he sent them out two by two, and gave them power over the unclean spirits; and ordered them to take nothing for their journey, but a single staff; no bag, no bread, and in their girdle no money; to be shod with sandals, and not to put on two coats. He said also, Whatever house you enter in any place, continue in that house, till you leave the place. But wheresoever they will not receive you, nor hear you, shake off the dust under your feet at your departure, as a protestation against them. And being departed, they publicly warned men to reform; and expelled many demons, and cured many sick persons, anointing them with oil.
14.--And king Herod heard of him (for his name was become famous) and said, John the Immerser is raised from the dead; and therefore miracles are performed by him. Others said, It is Elijah. Others, It is a prophet like those of ancient times. But when Herod heard of him, he said, This is John whom I beheaded. He is raised from the dead.
17.--For Herod had caused John to be apprehended, and kept bound in prison, on account of Herodias, his brother Philip's wife, whom he had himself married. For John had said to Herod, It is not lawful to you to have your brother's wife. Now this roused Herodias' resentment, who would have killed John, but could not, because Herod respected him, and knowing him to be a just and holy man, protected him; and did many things recommended by him, and heard him with pleasure. At length a favorable opportunity offered, which was Herod's birth day, when he made an entertainment for the great officers of his court and army, and ther persons of distinction in Galilee. For the daughter of Herodias came in, and danced before them, and pelased Herod and his guests so much, that the king said to the young woman, Ask whatever you will, and I will give it you; nay, he swore to her, Whatsoever you shall ask, I will give it you, were it the half of my kingdom. And she withdrew, and said to her mother, What shall I ask? She answered, The head of John the Immerser. Her daughter then, returning hastily to the king, made this rquest: I would that you give me presently in a basin, the head of John the Immerser. And the king was much grieved; however, from a regard to his oath, and his guests, he would not refuse her, and immediately despatched a sentinel with orders to bring the Immerser's head. Accordingly he went, and beheaded him in the prison, and brought his head in a basin, and presented it to the young woman; and the young woman presented it to her mother. When his disciples heard this, they went and brought his corpse, and laid it in a monument.
30.--Now the Apostles, being assembled, related every thing to Jesus, both what they had done, and what they had taught. And he said to them, Come apart into a desert place, and rest awhile; for there were so many coming and going, that they had not leisure so much as to eat. And they retired by ship to a desert place, to be by themselves. But many who saw them depart, and knew whither they were sailing, ran out of all the cities, and came together. Being landed, he saw a great multitude, and had compassion on them; because they were as a flock, which has no shepherd; and he taught them many things.
35.--When it grew late, his disciples came to him and said, This is a desert place, and it is now late; dismiss the people, that they may go to the neighboring farms and villages, and buy themselves bread, for they have nothing to eat. He answering, said to them, Supply them yourselves. They replied, Shall we go and give two hundred denarii for bread, in order to supply them? He said to them, How many loaves have you? Go and see. Upon inquiry, they answered, Five, and two fishes. And he commanded them to make all the people recline upon the green grass in separate companies. And they formed themselves into squares, by hundreds and by fifties. Then Jesus taking the five loaves and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, blessed and broke the loaves, and gave them to his disciples to set before the multitude. He distributed also the two fishes among them all. When they all had eat and were satisfied, they caried off twelve baskets full of the fragments of the bread and of the fishes. Now they, who had eat of the loaves, were five thousand men.
45.--And immediately he obliged his disciples to embark, and pass over before, towards Bethsaida, while he dismissed the people. And having sent them away, he retired to a mountain to pray. In the evening, the bark being in the midst of the sea, and he alone on the land, he observed them toiling at the oar, for the wind was against them: and about the fourth watch of the night, he went to them, walking on the water, and seemed intending to pass by them. When they saw him walking on the sea, they thought it was an apparition, and cried out. For they all saw him, and were terrified; but he immediately spoke to them, saying, Take courage, it is I; be not afraid. And having gone aboard to them, the wind ceased, which struck them still more with astonishment and admiration: for their minds were so stupified, that they never reflected upon the loaves.
53.--When they had crossed, they came to the territory of Genesaret, where they landed. And being come ashore, the people knew him, and ran through all that country, carrying the sick on couches, to every place where they heard he was. And whatever village, or city, or town he entered, they laid the diseased in the streets, and besought him, that they might touch, were it but a tuft of his mantle, and whoever touched him, were healed.
The Errors of the Pharisees.
VII.--NOW the Pharisees, and some scribes who came from Jerusalem, resorted to Jesus. And observing some of his disciples eating with impure, that is, unwashed hands; (for the Pharisees, and indeed all the Jews who observed the tradition of the elders, eat not till they have washed their hands by pouring a little water upon them: and if they be come from the market, by dipping them; and many other usages there are, which they have adopted, as immersions of cups and pots, and brazen vessels and beds:) then the Pharisees and scribes asked him, Whence comes it that your disciples observe not the tradition of the elders, but eat with unwashed hands? He answering, said to them, O hypocrites! well do you suit the character, which Isaiah gave of you, when he said, "This people honor me with their lips; but their heart is estranged from me. In vain, however, they worship me, while they teach institutions merely human." For laying aside the commandment of God, you retain the traditions of men, immersions of pots and cups, and many other similar practices. You judge well, continued he, in annulling the commandment of God, to make room for your traditions. For Moses has said, "Honor your father and mother," and "Whosoever reviles father or mother, shall be punished with death." But you maintain, if a man say to father or mother, "Be it corban (that is devoted) whatever of mine shall profit you;" he must not thenceforth do any thing for his father or mother; thus invalidating the word of God, by the tradition, which you have established. And in many other instances you act thus.
14.--Then ahving called the whole multitude, he said to them, Hearken to me all of you, and be instructed. There is nothing from without, which etnering into the man, can pollute him; but the things which proceed from within the man, are the things that pollute him. If any man have ears to hear, let him har.
17.--When he had withdrawn from the people into a house, his disciples asked him the meaning of that sentence. He answered, Are you also void of understanding? Do you not perceive, that whatsoever from without enters into th eman, cannot pollute him; because it enters not into his heart, but into his stomach, whence all impurities in the victuals pass into the sink. But, added he, that which proceeds out of the man, is what pollutes the man: for from within the human heart proceed vicious machinations, adulteries, fornications, murders, thefts, insatiable desires, malevolence, fraud, immodesty, envy, calumny, arrogance, levity. All these evils issue from within, and pollute the man.
24.--Then he arose, and went to the frontiers of Tyre and Sidon; and having entered a house, he desired that none might know of him; but he could not be concealed. For a woman, whose little daughter had an unclean spirit, hearing of him, came and threw herself at his feet (the woman was a Greek, a native of Syrophenicia,) and entreated him, that he would cast the demon out of her daughter. Jesus answered, Let the children first be satisfied; for it is not seemly to take the children's bread, and throw it to the dogs. She replied, True, sir; yet even the dogs under the table eat of the children's crumbs. He said to her, For this answer go home; the demon is gone out of your daughter. Immediately she went home, and found her daughter lying upon the bed, and freed from the demon.
31.--Then leaving the borders of Tyre and Sidon, he returned to the sea of Galilee, through the precincts of Decapolis. And they brought to him a deaf man, who had also an impediment in his speech, and entreated him to lay his hand upon him. Jesus having taken him aside from the crowd, spit upon his own fingers, and put them into the man's ears, and touched his tongue. Then looking up to heaven, and sighing, he said, Ephphatha, that is, Be opened. Immediately his ears were opened, and his tongue loosed, and he spoke distinctly. He charged them to tell no person: but the more he charged them, the more they published it, saying with inexpressible amazement, He does every thing well: he makes both the deaf to hear, and the dumb to speak.
VIII--At that time the crowd being very numerous, and having no food, he called his disciples, and said to them, I have compassion on the multitude; for they have attended me now three days, and have nothing to eat; and if I send them home fasting, their strength will fail by the way; for some of them are come from afar. His disciples answered, Shence can we supply these people with bread here in the desert? He asked them, How many loaves have you? They said, Seven. Then commanding the multitude to place themselves upon the grond, he took the seven loaves, and having given thanks, broke them, and gave them to his disciples, that they might distribute them to the people, and they distributed them. They had also a few small fishes, which, after the blessing, he likewise ordered to be presented. So they eat, and were satisfied; and the fragments which remained were carried off in seven hand-baskets. Now they who had eat were about four thousand.
Having dismissed them, he immediately embarked with his disciples, and went into the territory of Dalmanutha. Thence some Pharisees came, who began to argue with him; and, in order to prove him, demanded of him a sign in the sky. Jesus answered with a deep groan, Wherefore does this generation require a sign? Indeed, I say to you, that no sign shall be given to this generation. After that, leaving them, he re-embarked and returned.
14.--Now the disciples had forgot to bring bread, having only one loaf with them int he bark. Then Jesus gave them this caution: Attend; beware of the leaven of the Pharisees, and of the leaven of Herod. They reflecting upon it, said among themselves, It is because we have no bread. Jesus remarking it, said to them, Why do you make this reflection, that you have no bread? Are you yet so thoughtless, so inattentive? Is your understanding still blinded? Have you no use of your eyes, or of your ears? or do you not remember when I distributed the five loaves among five thousand, how many baskets full of fragments did you carry off? They said, Twelve. And when the seven among four thousand, how many hand-baskets full of the fragments did you carry off? They said, Seven. How then is it, proceeded he, that you do not apprehend me?
22.--When Jesus came to Bethsaida, they brought to him a blind man, whom they entreated him to touch. He took the blind man by the hand, and led him out of the village. Then having put spittle on his eyes, and laid his hands upon him, he asked him whether he saw. Having looked up, he said, I see men, as trees, walking. And Jesus laid his hands upon the man's eyes, and made him look again. And he was so perfectly cured, as to see every object clearly. And Jesus sent him home, saying, Neither go into the village, nor tell any thing to any of the villagers.
27.--JESUS went thence with his disciples to the villages of Cesarea Philippi, and by the way asked them, saying, Who do men say that I am? They answered, John the Immerser; but some say, Elijah; and others, One of the Prophets. He said to them, But who do you say that I am? Peter answering, said to him, You are the Messiah. Then he charged them to tell no person this concerning him.
31.--And he began to inform them, that the Son of Man must suffer many things, and be rejected by the elders, and the chief priests, and the scribes, and be killed, and that in three days he must rise again. This he spoke so plainly, that Peter, taking him aside, reproved him. But he turning, and looking on his disciples, rebuked Peter, saying, Get you hence, adversary, for you do not relish the things of God, but the things of men.
34.--Then having called both to the people, and to his disciples, he said, Is any willing to come under my guidance? Let him renounce himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. For whoever would save his life, shall lose it; and whoever will lose his life, for my sake and the gospel's, shall save it. What would it profit a man, if he should gain the whole world, with the forfeit of his life? or what will a man not give in ransom for his life? For whoever shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation: of him likewise the Son of Man will be ashamed, when he shall come in the glory IX. of his Father, accompanied by the holy angels. He added, Indeed, I say to you, there are some standing here, who shall not taste death, till they see the Reign of God ushered in with power.
2.--After six days, Jesus took apart, Peter, and James, and John, to the top of a high mountain, and was transfigured in their presence. His garments became glittering, and were, like snow, of such a whiteness, as no fuller on the earth could imitate. There appeared to them also Elijah and Moses, who were conversing with Jesus. Then Peter said to Jesus, Rabbi, it is good for us to be here: let us make three booths, one for you, and one for Moes, and one for Elijah; for he knew not what he said, they were so terrified. And there came a cloud which covered them; and out of the cloud issued a voice, which said, This is my Son, the beloved: hear him. And instantly, looking about, they saw no person but Jesus and themselves.
9.--As they went down from the mountain, he charged them not to relate to any persons, what they had seen, till the Son of Man were risen from the dead. And they took notice of that expression, and inquired among themselves, what the rising from the dead could mean. Then they asked him, saying, Why do the Scribes affirm, that Elijah must come first? He answered, Elijah, to consummate the whole, must come first; and, (as it is written of the Son of Man) must likewise siffer many things, and be condemnded. But I tell you, that Elijah too is come, as was predicted, and they have treated him as they pleased.
14.--When he returned to the other disciples, he saw a great multitude about them, and some scribes disputing with them. As soon as the people saw him, they were all struck with awe, and ran to salte him. And he asked the scribes, About what do you dispute with them? One of the people anwering, said, Rabbi, I have brought you my son, who has a dumb spirit; and wherever it seizes him, it dashes him on the ground, where he continues foaming, and grinding his teeth, till his strength is exhausted. And I spoke to your disciples to expel the demon, but they were not able. Jesus then said, O unbelieving generation! how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? Bring him to me. Accordingly they brought him: and no sooner did he see him, than the spirit threw him in convulsions, so that he foamed, and rolled upon the ground. Jesus asked hte father, How long is it since this first befel him? He answered, From his infancy; and often it has thrown him both into the fire, and into the water, to destroy him; but if you can do any thing, have compassion upon us, and help us. Jesus replied, If you can believe; all things are practicable for him who believes. The boy's father, crying out immediately, said with tears, I believe; Master, supply the defects of my faith. When Jesus saw, that the people came crowding upon him, he rebuked the unclean spirit, saying to him, Dumb and deaf spirit, come out of him, I command you, and enter no more into him. Then, having cried aloud, and severely convulsed him, it came out, and he appeared as one dead, insomuch that many said, He is dead. But Jesus taking him by the hand, raised him, and he stood up.
28.--When jesus was come into the house, his disciples asked him privately, Why could not we expel the demon? He asnwered, This kind cannot be dislodged unless by prayer and fasting.
30.--Having left that place, they passed through Galilee; and he was desirous that no person should know it, for he was instructing his disciples. And he said to them, The Son of Man will soon be delivered into th ehands of men, who will kill him; and after he is killed, he will rise again the third day. But they understood not what he meant, and were afraid to ask him.
33.--When he was come to Capernaum, being in the house, he asked, them, What were you debating among yourselves by the way? But they were silent; for they had debated among themselves by the way, who should be greatest. Then having sat down, he called the twelve, and said to them, If any man would be first, he shall be the last of all, and the servant of all. And he took a child, and placed him in the midst of them, and holding him in his arms, said to them, Whoever shall receive one such child on my account, receives me; and whoever shall receive me, receives not me, but him who sent me.
38.--Then John said to him, Rabbi, we saw one expelling demons in your name, who follows not us, and we forbade him, because he does not follow us. Jesus answered, Forbid him not; for there is none that works a miracle in my name, that can readily speak evil of me. For whoever is not against you, is for you. For whoever shall give you a cup of water to drink on my account, because you are Christ's; indeed, I say to you, he shall not lsoe his reward.
42.--But whoever shall ensnare any of the little ones, who believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were fastened to his neck, and that he were thrown into the sea. Moreover, if your hand ensnare you, cut it off; it is better for you to enter maimed into life, than having two hands to go into hell, into the unquenchable fire; where their worm dies not, and their fire is not quenched. And if your foot ensnare you, cut it off; it is better for you to enter lame into life, than having two feet to be cast into hell, into the unquenchable fire; where their worm dies not, and their fire is not quenched. And if your eye ensnare you, pull it out; it is better for you to enter one-eyed into the kingdom of God, than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire; where their worm dies not, and their fire is not quenched. For every one shall be seasoned with fire; as every sacrifice is seasoned with salt. Salt is good; but if the salt become tasteless, with what will you season it? Preserve salt in yourselves, and maintain peace with one another.
X.--Then he arose and came into the confines of Judea, through the country upon the Jordan. Again multitudes resorted to him; and again, as his custom was, he taught them.
2.--And some Pharisees came, who, to try him, asked him, Is it lawful for the husband to divorce his wife? He answering, said to them, What precept has Moses given you on this subject? They replied, Moses has permitted us to write her a bill of divorcement, and dismiss her. Jesus answering, said to them, Because of your untractable disposition, Moses gave you this permission. But from the beginning, at the creation, God made them a male and a female. For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother, and shall adhere to his wife, and they two shall be one flesh. What then God has conjoined, let no man separate.
10.--And, in the house, his disciples asked him anew concerning this matter. He said to them, Whoever divorces his wife, and marries another, commits adultery against her; and if a woman divorce her husband, and marry another, she commits adultery.
13.--Then they brought children to him, that he might touch them; but the disciples rebuked those who brought them. Jesus perceiving this, was offended, and said, Allow the children to come to me, do not hinder them; for of such is the kingdom of God. Indeed, I say to you, whoever will not receive the kingdom of God as a child, shall never enter it. Then taking them up in his arms, and laying his hands upon them, he blessed them.
17.--As he went out into the road, one came running to him, who, kneeling, asked him, Good Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life? Jesus answered, Why do you clal me good? God alone is good\ Do you know the commandments? Do not commit adultery; do not commit murder; do not steal; do not give false testimony; do no injury; honor your father and mother. The other replied, Rabbi, I have observed all thse from my childhood. Jesus, looking upon him, loved him, and said to him, In one thing, nevertheless, you are deficient. Go, sell all that you have, and give the price to the poor, and you shall have treasure in heaven; then come, and follow me, carrying the cross. But he was troubled at this answer, and went away sorrowful; for he had great possessions.
23.--Then Jesus looking around him, said to his disciples, How difficult is it for the wealthy to enter the kingdom of God! The disciples were astonished at his words; but Jesus resuming the discourse, said, Children, how difficult it is for them, who confide in wealth, to enter the kingdom of God! It is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter the kingdom of God. At this they were still more amazed, and said one to another, Who then can be saved? Jesus looking upon them, said, To men it is impossible, but not to God; for to God all things are possible.
28.--Then Peter took occasion to say, As for us, we have forsaken all, and followed you. Jesus answering, said, Indeed, I say to you, there is none who shall have forsaken his house, or brothers, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my sake and the gospel's; who shall not receive now, in this world, a hundred fold; houses, and brothers, and sisters, and mothers, and children, and lands, with persecutions; and in the future state, eternal life. But many shall be first, who are last, and last, who are first.
The Entry into Jerusalem.
32.--AS they were on the road to Jerusalem, Jesus walking before them, a panic seized them, and they followed him with terror. Then taking the twelve aside, he told them again what would befall him. Behold, says he, we are going to Jerusalem, where the Son of Man shall be delivered to the chief priests, who will condemn him to die, and deliver him to the Gentiles, who will mock him, and scourge him, and spit upon him, and kill him; but the third day he shall rise again.
35.--Then James and John, th sons of Zebedee, accosted him, saying, Rabbi, we beg you would grant us, what we purpose to ask. He said to them, What would you have me to grant you? They answered, That when you shall have attained your glory, one of us may sit at your right hand, and the other at your left. Jesus replied, You know not what you ask. Can you drink such a cup as I am to drink; and undergo an immersion like that, which I must undergo? They answered, We can. Jesus said to them, you shall indeed drink such a cup, as I am to drink, and undergo an immersion like that, which I must undergo: but to sit at my right hand, and left, I cannot give, unless to those for whom it is appointed.
41.--The ten hearing this, conceived indignation against James and John. But Jesus having called them together, said to them, You know that those, who are accounted the princes of the nations, domineer over them; and their great ones exercise their authority upon them; but it must not be so amongst you. On the contrary, whoever would be great amongst you, shall be your servant; and whosoever would be the chief, shall be the slave of all. For even the Son of Man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.
46.--Then they came to Jericho. Afterwards, as he was departing thence, with his disciples, and a great crowd, blind Bartimaeus, son of Timeus, who sat by the way side begging, hearing that it was Jesus of Nazareth, cried, saying, Jesus, Son of David, have pity on me! Many charged him to be silent, but he cried still the louder, Son of David, have pity on me! Jesus stopping, ordered them to call him. Accordingly they called the blind man, saying to him, Take courage; arise, he calls you. Then throwing down his mantle, he sprang up, and went to Jesus. Jesus addressing him, said, What do you wish me to do for you? Rabboni, answered the blind man, to give me my sight. Jesus said to him, Go; your faith has cured you. Immediately he recovered his sight, and followed Jesus in the way.
XI.--As they approached Jerusalem, being come as far as Bethphage and Bethany, near the Mount of Olives; he sent two of his disciples, and said to them, Go into the village oppostie you, and just as you enter it, you will find a colt tied, on which no man ever rode; loose him, and bring him. And if any person ask you, Wherefore do you this? say, The Master needs him, and he will instantly send him hither. Accordingly they went, and finding a colt tied before a door, where two ways met, they loosed him. Some of the people present said to them, Wherefore do you loose the colt? They having answered as Jesus had commanded them, were allowed to take him. Accordingly they brought the colt to Jesus, on which having laid their mantles, he sat on him. And many spread their mantles in the way; others cut down sprays fromthe trees, and strowed them in the way. And they who went before, and they who followed, shouted, saying, Hosanna1 blessed be He that comes in the name of the Lord! Happy be the approaching Reign of our Father David! Hosanna in the highest Heaven! In this manner Jesus entered Jerusalem and the temple; where, after surveying every thing around, it being late, he departed with the twelve to Bethany.
12.--The next day, when he left Bethany, he was hungry; and observing a fig tree at a distance, full of leaves, went to look for fruit on it, for the fig harvest was not yet. And being come, he found nothing but leaves. Then he said to it, Henceforth let no man ever eat fruit off thee. And his disciples heard him.
15.--Being returned to Jerusalem, he went into the temple, and drove out them who sold, and them who bought in the temple, and overturned the tables of the money changers, and the stalls of them who sold doves; and would suffer no person to carry vessels through the temple. He also taught them, saying, Is it not written, "My house shall be called a house of prayer for all nations?" but you have made it a den of robbers. And th scribes and the chief priests hearing this, sought means to destroy him; for they dreaded him, because all the multitude admired his doctrine. And in the evening he went out of the city.
20.--Next morning, as they returned, they saw that the fig tre was dried up from the root. Peter recollecting, said to him, Rabbi, behold the fig tree, which you devoted, already withered. Jesus answered, Have faith in God. For, indeed, I say to you, Whoever shall say to this mountain, Be lifted, and thrown into the sea, and shall not in the least doubt, but shall believe, that what he says shall happen; whatever he shall command, shall be done for him; for which reason I assure you, that what things soever you pray for, if you believe that you shall obtain them, they shall be yours.
25.--And when you pray, forgive, if you have matter of complaint against any; that your Father, who is in heven, may also forgive you your trespasses. But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father, who is in heaven, forgive you your trespasses.
27.--Again, they arrived at Jerusalem; and as he was walking in the temple, the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders, came and said to him, By what authority do you these things? and who empowered you to do them? Jesus answering, said to them, I also have a question to ask; answer me, and I will tell you by what authority I do these things. Was the title which John had to immerse, from heaven, or from men? Answer me. Then they argued thus among themselves; If we say, From heaven; he will reply, Why then did you not believe him? But if we say, From men; we are in danger from the people, who are all convinced that John was a Prophet. They therefore answering, said to Jesus, We cannot tell. Jesus replied, Neither do I tell you by what authority I do these things.
XII.--Then addressing them in parables, he said, A man planted a vineyard, and hedged it about, and dug a place for a wine vat, and built a tower, and having farmed it out, went abroad. The season being come, he sent a servant to the husbandmen, to receive his portion of the fruits of the vineyard. But they seized him, beat him, and sent him away empty. Again, he sent to them another servant, whom they wounded in the head with stones, and sent back with disgrace. He sent another, whom they killed; and of many more that he sent, some they beat, and some they killed. At last, having an only son, whom he loved, he sent him also to them; for he said, They will reverence my son. But those husbandmen said among themselves, This is the heir; come, let us kill him, and the inheritance will be our own. Then they laid hold on him, and having thrust him out of the vineyard, they killed him. What, therefore, will the proprietor of the vineyard do? He will come and destroy the husbandmen, and give the vineyard to others. Have you not read this passage of Scripture, "A stone which the builders rejected, is made the head of the corner. This the Lord has performed, and we behold it with admiration?" And they desired to have seized him, but were afraid of the multitude: for they knew that he spoke the parable against them.
The Prophecy on Mount Olivet.
13.--THEN the chief priests, and the elders, leaving Jesus, went away, and sent to him certain Pharisees and Herodians, to catch him in his words. These coming up, said to him, Rabbi, we know that you are upright, and stand in awe of none; for you respect not the person of men, but teach the way of God faithfully. Is it lawful to give tribute to Cesar, or not? Shall we give, or shall we not give? He, perceiving their artifice, answered, Why would you entangle me? Bring me a denarius, that I may see it. When they had brought it, he asked them, Whose is this image and inscription? They answered, Cesar's. Jesus replied, Render to Cesar, that which is Cesar's, and to God, that which is God's. And they wondered at him.
18.--Then Sadducees came to him, who say that there is no future life, and proposed this question: Rabbi, Moses has enacted, that if a man's brother die, survived by a wife without children, he shall marry the widow, and raise issue to his brother. Now there were seven brothers. The first took a wife, and dying, left no issue. The second married her, and died; neither did he leave any issue; so did also the third. Thus all the seven married her, and left no issue. Last of all, the woman also died. At the resurrection, therefore, when they are risen, to which of the seven will she belong; for she had been the wife of them all? Jesus answering, said to them, Is not this the source of your error, your not knowing the Scriptures, nor the power of God? For there will be neither marrying, nor giving in marriage, among them who rise from the dead. They will then resemble the angels. But as to the dead, that they are raised, have you not read in the book of Moses, how God spoke to him in the bush, saying, "I am the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob." God is not a God of the dead, but of the living. Therefore you greatly err.
28.--A scribe, who had heard them dispute, perceiving the justness of his reply, came to him, and proposed this question: Which is the chief commandment of all? Jesus answered, The chief of all the commandments is, "Hearken, Israel, the Lord is our God. The Lord is one:" and, "You shall lvoe the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind, and with all your strength." This is the first commandment. The second resembles it: "You shall lvoe your neighbor as yourself." Thereis no commandment greater than these. The scribe replied, Truly, Rabbi, you have answered well. There is one, and only one; and to love him with all the heart, and with all the spirit, and with all the soul, and with all the strength; and to love one's neighbor as one's self, is more than all burnt offerings and sacrifices. Jesus observing how pertinently he had answered, said to him, You are not far from the kingdom of God. After that no person ventured to put questions to him.
35.--As Jesus was teaching in the temple, he asked them, Why do the scribes assert, that the Messiah must be a son of David? Yet David, himself, speaking by the Holy Spirit, says, "The Lord said to my Lord, Sit at my right hand, till I make your foes your footstool." David himself, therefore, calls him his Lord; how then can he be his son? And the common people heard him with delight.
38.--Further, in teaching, he said to them, Beware of the scribes, who affect to walk in robes; who love salutations in public places, and the principal seats in the synagogues, and the uppermost places at entertainments; who devour the families of widows, and use long prayers for a disguise. They shall undergo the severest punishment.
41.--And Jesus sitting opposite the treasury, observed the people throwing money into the treasury: and many rich persons put in much. Then a poor widow came, who threw in two mites, (which make a farthing.) Jesus having called his disciples, said to them, Indeed, I say to you, that this poor widow has given more, than any of those who have thrown into the treasury; for they all have contributed out of their superfluous stores; whereas she has given all the little that she had--her whole living.
XIII.--As he was going out of the temple, one of his disciples said to him, Rabbi, look what prodigious stones and stately buildings are here! Jesus answering, said to him, You see these great buildings. They shall be so razed, that one stone will not be left upon another.
3.--Afterwards, as he was sitting upon the Mount of Olives, opposite the temple, Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, asked him privately, Tell us, when will this happen? and what will be the sign, when all this is to be accomplished? Jesus answering them, took occasion to say, Take heed that no man seduce you; for many will assume my character, saying, I am the person, and will seduce many. But when you hear of wars and rumors of wars, be not alarmed; for this must happen, but the end is not yet.
8.--For nation will rise against nation, and kingdom against kingdom; and there will be earthquakes in sundry places, and there will be famines and commotions. These are the prelude of woes. But take heed to yourselves; for they will deliver you to councils; and you will be beaten in the synagogues, and brought before governors and kings for my sake, to bear testimony to them. The good tidings, however, must first be published among all nations. But when they conduct you, to deliver you up, have no anxiety beforehand, nor premeditate what you shall speak; but whatever shall be suggested to you in that moment, speak; for it is not you that shall speak, but the Holy Spirit. Then the brother will deliver up the brother to death; and the father the child; and children will arise against their parents, and procure their death. And on my account you shall be unviersally hated; but the man, who perseveres to the end, shall be saved.
14.--But when you shall see standing on forbidden ground, th desolating abomination, (reader, attend!) then let those in Judea flee to the mountains; and let not him who shall be on the roof, go down into the house, nor enter it, to carry any thing out of his house; and let not him who shall be in the field, turn back to fetch his mantle. But alas for the women with child, and for them who give suck in those days! Pray then, that your flight happen not in the winter; because there shallbe such affliction in those days, as has not been before, from the beginning of the world, which God created, nor shall be ever after. Had the Lord assigned it a long duration, no soul could escape; but for the sake of the people whom he has elected, he has made its duration the shorter.
21.--Then if any one shall say to you, Lo! the Messiah is here, or Lo! he is yonder, believe it not. For false Messiahs and false prophets will arise, who will perform wonders and prodigies, in order to impose, if possible, even on the elect. Be you, therefore, upon your guard: remember, I have warned you of every thing.
24.--But in those days, after that affliction, the sun shall be darkened, and the moono shall withhold her light, and the stars of heaven shall fall; and the powers which are in heaven shall be shaken. Then they shall see the Son of Man coming in the clouds with great power and glory. Then he will send his messengers, and assemble his elect from the four quartrs of the world, from the extremities of heaven and earth.
28.--Learn now a similitude from the fig tree. When its branches become tender, and put forth leaves, you know that the summer is nigh. In like manner, when you shall see these things happen, know that he is near, even at the door. Indeed, I say to you, that this generation shall hot pass, till all these things be accomplished. For heaven and earth shall fail: but my words shall not fail.
32.--But of that day, or of that hour, knows none (not the angels; no, not the Son,) but the Father. Be circumspect, be vigilant, and pray; for you know not, when that time will be. When a man intends to travel, he leaves his household in charge to his servants, assigns to every one his task, and orders the porter to watch. Watch you, therefore; for you know not when the master of the house will return, (whether in the evening, or at midnight, or at cockcrowing, or in the morning;) lest coming suddenly, he find you asleep. Now, what I say to you, I say to all, Watch.
The Last Supper.
XIV.--AFTER two days was the feast of the passover, and of unleavened bread. And the chief priests and the scribes were contriving how they might take Jesus by surprise, and kill him. They said, however, Not during the festival, for fear of an insurrection among the people.
3.--Now being at table in Bethany, in the house of Simon, formerly a leper, there came a woman, who had an alabaster box of the balsam of spikenard, which was very costly: and she broke open the box, and poured the liquor upon his head. There were some present, who said with indignation, Why this profusion of the balsam? For it could have been sold for three hundred denarii, which might have been given to the poor. And they murmured against her. But Jesus said, Let her alone. Why do you molest her? She has done me a good office. For you will have the poor always among you, and can do them good, whenever you please; but me you will not always have. She has done what she could. She has beforehand emblamed my body for the funeral. Indeed, I say to you, in whatever corner of the world the glad tidings shall be proclaimd, what this woman has now done, shall be mentioned to her honor.
10.--Then Judas Iscariot, one of the twelve, repaired to the chief priests, to betray Jesus to them. And they listened to him with joy, and promised to give him money. Afterwards he sought a favorable opportunity to deliver him up.
12.--Now the first day of unleavened bread, when the passover is sacrificed, his disciples said to him, Whither shall we go to prepare for your eating the passover? Then he sent two of his disciples, saying to them, Go into the city, where you will meet a man carrying a pitcher of water; follow him; and wherever he shall enter, say to the master of the house, The Teacher says, Where is the guest chamber, in which I may eat the passover with my disciples? And he will show you a large upper room ready furnished. There prepare for us. Accordingly his disciples went away, and being come into the city, found every thing as he had told them, and prepared the passover.
17.--In the evening he went thither with the twelve. As they were at table eating, Jesus said, Indded, I say to you, that one of you who eats with me, will betray me. Upon this they became very sorrowful; and asked him, all of them, one after another, Is it I? He answering, said to them, It is one of the twelve; he who dips his morsel in the dish with me. The Son of Man departs in the manner foretold in the scripture of him; but alas for that man! by whom the Son of Man is betrayed: It had been better for that man never to have been born.
22.--While they were at supper, Jesus took bread, and after the blessing, broke it, and gave it to them, saying, Take; this is my body. Then he took the cup, and having given thanks, gave it to them; and they all drank of it. And he said to them, This is my blood, the blood of the new institution, shed for many. Indeed, I say to you, that I will drink no more of the product of the vine, till that day when I shall drink it new in the kingdom of God. And after the hymn, they went to the Mount of Olives.
27.--And Jesus said to them, This night I shall prove a stumbling stone to you all; for it is written, "I will smite the Shepherd, and the sheep shall be dispersed." Nevertheless, after I am raised again, I will go before you to Galilee. Peter then said to him, Though they all should stumble, I never will. Jesus answered him, Indeed, I say to you, that to-day, this very night, before the cock crow twice, even you will disown me thrice. But Peter insisted on it, adding, Although I should die with you, I will never disown you. And all the rest said the same.
32.--Then they came to a place named Gethsemane, where he said to his disciples, Stay here while I pray. And he took with him Peter, and James, and John, and being seized with grief and horror, said to them, My soul is overwhelmed with a deadly anguish; tarry here and watch. And going a little before, he threw himself on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, he might be delivered from that hour, and said, Abba (that is Father,) all things are possible to thee; take this cup away from me; yet not what I would, but what thou wilt. Then he returned, and finding them asleep, said to peter, Simon, do you sleep? Could you not keep awake a single hour? Watch and pray, that you be not overcome by temptation: the spirit indeed is willing, but the flesh is weak. Again, he retired and prayed, using the same words. When he returned, he again found them sleeping; for their eyes were overpowered, and they knew not what to answer him. A third time he came, and said to them, Do you now sleep, and take your rest? All is over: the hour is come: and the Son of Man is delviered into the hands of sinners. Arise. Let us be going. Lo! he who betrays me is drawing near.
43.--Immediately, before he had done speaking, appeared Judas, one of the twelve, with a great multitude armed with swords and clubs, who were sent by the chief priests, the scribes, and the elders. Now the betrayer had given them this signal: The man whom I shall kiss, is he; seize him, and lead him away safely. He was no sooner come, than accosting Jesus, he said, Rabbi, Rabbi, and kissed him. Then they laid hands on him, and seized him. But one of those who were present, drew his sowrd, and smiting the high priest's servant, cut off his ear. Then Jesus addressing them, said, Do you come with swords and clubs to apprehend me, like people in pursuit of a robber? I was daily among you, teaching in the temple, and you did not arrest me. But in this the scriptures are accomplished. Then they all forsook him and fled.
51.--Now there followed him a youth, who had only a linen cloth wrapped about his body; the soldiers having laid hold of him, he left the cloth, and fled from them naked.
53.--THEN they took Jesus away to the high priest, with whom all the chief priests, the elders, and the scribes, were convened. And Peter followed at a distance, as far as the court of the high priest's house, and sat there with the officers, warming himself at the fire.
55.--Meanwhile, the chief priests, and all the Sanhedrim, sought for evidence against Jesus, in order to condemn him to die, but found none: for many gave false testimony against him, but their testimonies were insufficient. Then some arose, who testified falsely against him, saying, We heard him say, I will demolish this temple made with hands, and in three days will build another without hands. But even here their testimony was defective. Then the high priest, standing up in the midst, interrogated Jesus, saying, Do you answer nothing to what these men testify against you? But he was silent, and gave no answer. Again, the high priest interrogating him, said, Are you the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One? Jesus answered, I am; nay, you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of the Almighty, and coming in the clouds of heaven. Then the high priest rent his garments, saying, What farther need have we of witnesses? You have heard the blasphemy. What is your opinion? And they all pronounced him worthy of death. Then some began to spit on him; others to cover his face and buffet him, saying to him, Divine who it is. And the officers gave him blows on the cheeks.
66.--Now Peter being below in the court, one of the maid servants of the high priest came thither, who seeing Peter warming himself, looked on him, and said, You also were with the Nazarene Jesus. But he denied, saying, I know him not: nor do I understand what you mean. Immediately he went out into the portico, and the cock crew. The maid seeing him again, said to the bystanders, This is one of them. Again he denied. And a little after, those who were present said to Peter, You are certainly one of them; for you are a Galilean, your speech shows it. Upon this he affirmed, with imprecations and oaths, that he did not know the man, of whom they spoke. The cock crew the second time: and Peter recollected the word which Jesus had said to him, Before the cock crew twice, you will disown me thrice. And reflecting upon this, he wept.
XV.--Early in the morning, the chief priests, with the elders, the scribes, and all the Sanhedrin, after consulting together, bound Jesus, carried him away, and delivered him to Pilate.
2.--Pilate, asking him, said, You are the king of the Jews? He answered, You say right. Now the chief priests accused him of many things. Again Pilate asked him, saying, Do you answer nothing? Observe how many crimes they arraign you for. But Jesus answered no more, so that Pilate was astonished.
6.--Now, at the festival, he always released to them any one prisoner, whom they desired. And there was one Barabbas, that had been imprisoned with his seditious associates, who in their sedition had committed murder. And, with clamor, the multitude demanded of Piate, what he used to grant them. He answered them, saying, Shall I release to you the king of the Jews? (For he knew that through envy, the chief priests had delivered him up.) But the chief priests incited the multitude to insist on the release of Barabbas, in preference to Jesus. Pilate again interposed, saying, What then would you have me to do with him, whom you call king of the Jews? They cried, Crucify him. Pilate asked them, Why? What evil has he done? But they cried the more vehemently, Crucify him. Then Pilate, desirous to gratify the crowd, released Barabbas to them; and having caused Jesus to be scourged, delivered him up to be crucified.
16.--And the soldiers brought him into the hall called pretorium, where, having convened all the band, they arrayed him in purple, and crowned him with a wreath of thorns, and saluted him, saying, Hail, King of the Jews! Then they struck him on the head with a reed, and spit on him, and paid him homage on their knees. And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the purple, and dressed him in his own clothes, and took him away to be crucified.
21.--And they constrained one Simon, a Cyrenian, who passed by, in coming from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry th cross. And they brought him to Golgotha, (that is to say, The Place of Skulls,) where they gave him wine to drink, mingled with myrrh, which he would not receive. When they had nailed him to the cross, they parted his garments, dividing by lot what every man should take. Now it was the third hour, when they nailed him to the cross. And the inscription, bearing hte cause of his death, was in these words, THE KING OF THE JEWS. They likewise crucified two robbers with him, one at his right hand, and the other at his left. And that scripture was fulfilled, which says, "He was ranked with malefactors."
29.--Meanwhile, they who passed by reviled him, shaking their heads, and saying, Ah! you who could demolish the temple, and rebuild it in three days! save yourself, and come down from the cross! The chief priests likewise, with the scribes, deriding him, said among themselves, He saved others; cannot he save himself? Let the Messiah, the King of Israel, descend now from the cross, that we may see and believe! Even those who were crucified with him, reproached him.
33.--Now from the sixth hour till the ninth, darkness covered all the land. At the ninth hour, Jesus cried aloud, saying, Eloi, Eloi, lama sabacthani! which signifies, My God, my God, why hast thou forsaken me? Some who were present, hearing this, said, Hark! he calls Elijah. One at the same time ran, and dipped a sponge in vinegar, and having fastened it to a stick, presented it to him to drink, saying, Let alone, we shall see whether Elijah will come to take him down. And Jesus sending forth a loud cry, expired.
38.--Then was the veil of the temple rent in two, from top to bottom. And the centurion, who stood opposite him, observing that he expired with so loud a cry, said, Surely this man was a son of a god.
40.--There were women also looking on at a distance, among whom were Mary the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of James the younger, and of Joses and Salome, (these had followed him, and served him, when he was in Galilee,) and several others, who came with him to Jerusalem.
42.--WHEN it was evening (because it was the preparation, that is, the eve of the Sabbath,) Joseph of Arimathea, an honorable senator, who himself also expected the Reign of God, taking courage, repaired to Pilate, and begged the body of Jesus. Pilate, amazed that he was so soon dead, sent for the centurion, and asked him, whether Jesus had been dead any time. And being informed by the centurion, he granted the body to Joseph; who having bought linen, and taking Jesus down, wrapped him in th elinen; and laid him in a tomb, hewn out of the rock, and rolled astone to the entrance. Now Mary the Magdalene, and Mary the mother of Joses, saw where he was laid.
XVI.--When the Sabbath was past, Mary the Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome, bought spices, that they might embalm Jesus. And early in the morning, the first day of the week, they came to the tomb about sunrise. And they said among themselves, Who will roll away the stone for us from the entrance of the tomb? (for it was very large.) But when they looked, they saw that the stone had been rolled away. Then entering the tomb, they beheld a youth sitting on the right side, clothed in a white robe, and they were frightened. But he said to them, Be not frightened; you seek Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified. He is risen: he is not here: behold the place where they laid him. But go, say to his disciples, and to Peter, He is gone before you into Galilee; where you shall see him, as he told you. The women then getting out, fled from the tomb, seized with trembling and consternation; but said nothing to any one, they were so terrified.
9.--Jesus having arisen early the first day of the week, appeared first to Mary the Magdalene, out of whom he had cast seven demons. She went and informed those who had attended him, who were in affliction and tears. But when they heard that he was alive, and had been seen by her, they did not believe it.
12.--Afterwards he appeared in another form to two of them, as they travelled on foot into the country. These being returned, informed the other disciples, but neither did they believe them.
14.--At length he appeared to the eleven, as they were eating, and reproached them with their incredulity and obstinacy, in disbelieving those who had seen him after his resurrection. And he said to them, Go through all the world, proclaim the glad tidings to the whole creation. He who believes, and is immersed, shall be saved; but he, who believes not, shall be condemned. And these miraculous powers shall attend the believers:--In my name they shall expel demons. They shall speak languages unknown to them before. They shall handle serpents with safety. And if they drink poison, it shall not hurt them. They shall cure the sick by laying their hands on them.
19.--Now, after the Lord had spoken to them, he was taken up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. As for them, they went out and proclaimed the tidings every where, the Lord co-operating with them, and confirming their doctrine by the miracles with which it was accompanied.
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