Ezekiel and Jeremiah were contemporaries. Jeremiah was senior and had been a prophet from the 13th year of Josiah. Ezekiel did not begin his prophetic office until the 5th year of Jehoiachin's captivity. Thus they would have been prophesying at the same time during the 11 plus years of the reign of Zedekiah. Ezekiel was among the captives in Babylon while Jeremiah was in the city of Jerusalem throughout the reign of Zedekiah including the final siege of the cityEze 4:6 - Clark
Why 606 and 585
There are different chronologies followed by various authors and this is one thing that accounts for the differing dates ascribed to the sequence leading up to the fall of Jerusalem that we will date as 585 BC. Another thing is the method of counting part of a year as one year that is a part of Biblical reckoning. For instance December of year one to January of year three would be counted as three years when it amounts to one year and two months. We choose the date of 606 BC as the beginning of the Babylonia exile in the 3rd or 4th year of Jehoiakim. The short period of Jehoiachin is in the same year as the first of Zedekiah or 598 - 597 BC Counting the 8th year Nebuchadnezzar to the 19th year is 12 years. Thus the fall of Jerusalem was in 585 according to this reckoning.
1Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. 2In the fifth day of the month, which was the fifth year of king Jehoiachin's captivity,
606 plus the rest of Jehoiakim's reign. Eight years from 606 is circa 598 or 597 BC 2nd. Kings 24 12And Jehoiachin the king of Judah went out to the king of Babylon, he, and his mother, and his servants, and his princes, and his officers: and the king of Babylon took him in the eighth year of his reign. (596 - 597)
25: 8 And in the fifth month, on the seventh day of the month, which is the nineteenth year of king Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, Nebuzaradan captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem: (585)
1And it came to pass in the sixth year, in the sixth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I sat in my house, and the elders of Judah sat before me, that the hand of the Lord GOD fell on me there
1And it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth month, the tenth day of the month, that certain of the elders of Israel came to enquire of the LORD, and sat before me.
1Again in the ninth year, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2Son of man, write you the name of the day, even of this same day: the king of Babylon set himself against Jerusalem this same day.
2nd. Kings 24 20For through the anger of the LORD until he had cast them out from his presence it came to pass in Jerusalem and Judah that Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon. 25 1And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came, he, and all his host, against Jerusalem, and pitched against it; and they built forts against it round about.
1And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2Son of man, because Tyre has said against Jerusalem, Aha, she is broken who was the gates of the people: she is turned to me: I shall be replenished, now she is laid waste: 3Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against you, O Tyre,
1In the tenth year, in the tenth month, in the twelfth day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2Son of man, set your face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him, and against all Egypt:
17And it came to pass in the seven and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 18Son of man, Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyre: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet he had no wages, nor his army, for Tyre, for the service that he had served against it: 19Therefore thus says the Lord GOD; Behold, I will give the land of Egypt to Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army.
20And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 21Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.
And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2Son of man, speak to Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude;
Ezekiel 32 1And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 2Son of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him, You are like a young lion of the nations, and you are as a whale in the seas: and you came forth with your rivers, and troubled the waters with your feet, and fouled their rivers
32:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came to me, saying, 18Son of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, to the lower parts of the earth, with those who go down into the pit. Ezekiel 33 21And it came to pass in the twelfth year of our captivity, in the tenth month, in the fifth day of the month, that one who had escaped out of Jerusalem came to me, saying, The city has been struck. 2Kings 25 2And the city was besieged to the eleventh year of king Zedekiah. 3And on the ninth day of the fourth month the famine prevailed in the city, and there was no bread for the people of the land. 4And the city was broken up,
Ezekiel 40:1 In the twenty fifth year of our captivity, in the beginning of the year, in the tenth day of the month, in the fourteenth year after that the city was struck, in the selfsame day the hand of the LORD was on me, and brought me there. 2In the visions of God he brought me into the land of Israel, and set me on a very high mountain, by which was as the shape of a city on the south
Gill: Eze 4:5 - For I have laid upon thee the years of their iniquity,.... Or the iniquity which for so many years they have been guilty of; that is, the punishment of it: according to the number of the days; a day for a year;
three hundred and ninety days; which signify three hundred and ninety years; and so many years there were from the revolt of the ten tribes from Rehoboam, and the setting up the calves at Dan and Bethel, to the destruction of Jerusalem; which may be reckoned thus: the apostasy was in the fourth year of Rehoboam, so that there remained thirteen years of his reign, for he reigned seventeen years; Abijah his successor reigned three years; Asa, forty one; Jehoshaphat, twenty five; Joram, eight; Ahaziah, one; Athaliah, seven; Joash, forty; Amaziah, twenty nine: Uzziah, fifty two; Jotham, sixteen; Ahaz, sixteen; Hezekiah, twenty nine; Manasseh, fifty five; Amos, two; Josiah, thirty one; Jehoahaz, three months; Jehoiakim, eleven years; Jeconiah, three months and ten days; and Zedekiah, eleven years; in all three hundred and ninety years