LESSONS ON ZECHARIAH AND THE JEWISH RENEWAL

INDEX
  Lesson One
Lesson Two
Lesson Three
Lesson Four
Lesson Five
Lesson Six
Lesson Seven
Lesson Eight
Lesson Nine
Lesson Ten
Lesson Eleven
Lesson Twelve
Lesson Thirteen
Lesson Fourteen
Lesson Fifteen
Lesson Sixteen
Lesson Seventeen
Lesson Eighteen
Lesson Nineteen
Lesson Twenty
Lesson Twenty One
Lesson Twenty Two
 
To the Commentary Directory


 
Lesson One: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

There is chronology on pages ix & x. Below are scripture references which match 19 of the events in the chronology. Two sets of verses match the same event.

Match the following references with the events.

1. Luke 2:1ff
2. Hag. 1:1; Zech 1.1
3. 2 Kings 25:10-20ff
4. Ezra 3:10
5. Hag 1:14
6: Dan 8:8
7. Esther 9 1-32
8. 2 Chron. 36:23 & Ezra 1:1-3
9. Dan 9:27
10. Neh 4:6
11. Ezra 6:15,16
12. Zech 9:13,14
13. Ezek 11:23
14: Zech. 7:1-3
15. Zech 8:1-3
16. Ezek 1:1-3
17. Mt 27:50,51
18. Neh 8:1-18
19. Mt 23:38 ; Mt 24
20 Mal. 1 1-14

The fall of Jerusalem to Pompey in 64 B.C is not mentioned in scripture, nor is the Great Synagogue. Neither are any of the events after Bar Cochbah. If you can match these scriptures with the chronology and discuss those others which have no match it will make a fruitful lesson indeed.


Lesson One - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

There is chronology on pages ix & x. Below are scripture references which match 19 of the events in the chronology. Two sets of verses match the same event.

Match the following references with the events.

1 . Luke 2:1ff Birth of Christ
2. Hag. 1:1; Zech 1.1 2nd year of Darius
3. 2 Kings 25:10-20ff Third stage of Captivity, destruction of Jerusalem.
4. Ezra 3:10 Foundation of Temple laid.
5. Hag 1:14 Work on Temple begun in earnest
6: Dan 8:8 Death of Alexander
7. Esther 9 1-32 Esther and Purim
8. 2 Chron. 36:23 & Ezra 1:1-3 Decree of Cyrus, end of 70 year exile.
9. Dan 9:27 Desolate Temple to be destroyed
10. Neh 4:6 Nehemiah rebuilds the walls
11. Ezra 6:15,16 Dedication of Temple in 6th year of Darius
12. Zech 9:13,14 Macabbees defeat the Greeks
13. Ezek 11:23 Shekinah departs the first Temple
14: Zech. 7:1-3 Partially completed Temple in use
15. Zech 8:1-3 Return of the Shekinah to the second Temple
16. Ezek 1:1-3 2nd stage of captivity called Jehoiachin's captivity.
17. Mt 27:50,51 Shekinah departs from the second Temple making it desolate
18. Neh 8:1-18 Ezra's reform and revival
19. Mt 23:38 ; Mt 24 Desolate Temple to be destroyed.
20 Mal. 1 1-14 Malachi written when priests needed reform

The fall of Jerusalem to Pompey in 64 B.C is not mentioned in scripture, nor is the Great Synagogue. Neither are any of the events after Bar Cochbah. If you can match these scriptures with the chronology and discuss those others which have no match it will make a fruitful lesson indeed.


 
Lesson Two: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

This lesson is intended to be a brief overview of the book itself and covers questions on the Table of Contents, Introduction, and Chapter `1.

1. The book contains preliminary chapters with background and a general overview of the historical period and also prophetic backgrounds.

Which chapters are included in the section described?
Which chapters are historical backgrounds?
Which chapters are prophetic explanations?
Which chapter gives the history of the physical manifestation of God's presence?

2. Which chapters comprise the Commentary on Zechariah?

3. What two major concepts are covered in the last supplementary chapters?

a.
b.

4. Name seven elements which are included in the book to aid deeper understanding of Zechariah.
a. b. c. d. e. f. g.

5. Give the meaning of the following Hebrew words.

Aliyah
Oliym
Chaluts
Yishuv
Chalutsiym
Tsabrah
Oleh chadash
Oliym chadashiym
Admath qodesh
(CH in Hebrew is pronounced like the ch in "chasm" not like the ch in "church" It is more like a slight clearing of the throat.)

6. On page 6 how does one arrive at the number 50,000 oliym making the aliyah with Zerubbabel?

7. In Ancient times when were the first and second aliyahs? Who were the leaders?

8. When was the first and then the third Aliyah in modern times?

The Hebrew language was a "dead" language for 1000s of years. When did it begin to be spoken again in modern times?


Lesson Two - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. The book contains preliminary chapters with background and a general overview of the historical period and also prophetic backgrounds.
  Which chapters are included in the section described? 1 - 9
Which chapters are historical backgrounds? 2, 3, 4, 5
Which chapters are prophetic explanations? 7, 8, 9
Which chapter gives the history of the physical manifestation of God's presence?` 6
2. Which chapters comprise the Commentary on Zechariah? 10 - 24

3. What two major concepts are covered in the last supplementary chapters?

a. Oral Law (or Mishnah)
b. The Temple

4. Name seven elements which are included in the book to aid deeper understanding of Zechariah.

a. Original language. b. Historical and Prophetic backgrounds. c. Shekinah history
d. Repetition. e. History of the Temple. f. Silent years history. g .Oral Law.

5. Give the meaning of the following Hebrew words.
  Aliyah going up (to the holy land) immigration
Oliym one going up, an immigrant to the holy land
Chaluts pioneer, the oliym of the initial aliyahs
Yishuv settlement of people living in the land to whom the oliym joins himself
Chalutsiym pioneers (plural of chaluts)
Tsabrah a person born in the holy land
Oleh chadash a new immigrant. Oleh is singular of oliym, chadash means new.
Oliym chadashiym plural of the last words, new immigrants
Admath qodesh holy land

6. On page 6 how does one arrive at the number 50,000 oliym making the aliyah with Zerubbabel?

In Ezra 2:64, 65 the number of oliym is given as approximately 42,000 and their servants at approximate 8,000 which when added is 50,000.

7. In Ancient times when were the first and second aliyahs? Who were the leaders?

The leaders of the first aliyah were Joshua and Zerubbabel, the second - Ezra, Nehemiah.

8. When was the first and then the third Aliyah in modern times?

1880, 1919

9. The Hebrew language was a "dead" language for 1000s of years. When did it begin to be spoken again in modern times?

After 1880


 
Lesson Three: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

This lesson covers chapters 2 and 3; pages 7 through 19.

1. What Language did Jesus speak? Give more than one example of something Jesus spoke.

2. Describe the language.

3. What are Targums? When did they originate?

4. How long did the silent years last?

5. When did Esther and Mordecai live?

6 What was Alexander the Great's meeting with the Jews like. Read it in Josephus if you can.

7. Who was Alexander's successor in Egypt and what did he do with the Jews?

8. Describe some of the new religious leaders who arose during the silent years. Why then?

9. When the office of prophet disappeared what became central in Jewish life?

10. What caused the end of the silent years? What sects grew among the Jews at that time?

11. Who was the Greek ruler when the Jewish ruling class began to show a decline in faith?

12. Who waged the final assault of the Greeks against Jewish traditions?

13. Why does the silence of the silent years imply a golden age for the Jews?

14. When did the synagogue become a part of Jewish life? Do you think it was an "authorized" change or a human addition to Jewish tradition? Explain why?

15. When did the academies originate? What did they study? What did they major their study upon?

16. Why do you think the "oral law" became important during the Babylonian captivity?


Lesson Three - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What Language did Jesus speak? Give more than one example of something Jesus spoke.

Aramaic  - Tabatha cumi; Eloi eloi lama sabachtani, etc.

2. Describe the language.

It was a Syrian Palestinian language spoken in the whole Fertile Crescent.

3. What are Targums? When did they originate?

Targums were Aramaic translations and comments on the O.T. made during the silent years.

4. How long did the silent years last?

They followed Ezra (from 450's B.C. to about 160 B.C.) They were ended by Greek corruption of Jewish life and the defeat of Antiochus Epiphanes by the Macabbees.

5. When did Esther and Mordecai live

Between Zechariah and Ezra-Nehemiah, (485-473 B.C.)

6 What was Alexander the Great's meeting with the Jews like. Read it in Josephus if you can.

The High Priest blessed Alexander who did not enter the city. Jewish youth joined his army.

7. Who was Alexander's successor in Egypt and what did he do with the Jews?

Ptolemy treated the Jews well. Many Jews settled in Egypt and Ptolemy authorized the Septuagint Translation of the O.T.

8. Describe some of the new religious leaders who arose during the silent years. Why then?

Rabbis, Scribes, legal experts, teachers in academies. The same why as the next ques.

9. When the office of prophet disappeared what became central in Jewish life?

The Scriptures became central in Jewish life. Ezra'a reform set the precedent. See Neh 8.

10. What caused the end of the silent years? What sects grew among the Jews at that time?

The growth of Hellenism was a challenge to Jewish simplicity which resulted in the Macabbean wars.

11. Who was the Greek ruler when the Jewish ruling class began to show a decline in faith?

Antiochus the Great 180 B.C.E.

12. Who waged the final assault of the Greeks against Jewish traditions?

Antiochus Epiphanes. The Jews regained religious freedom remembered by Chanukkah.

13. Why does the silence of the silent years imply a golden age for the Jews?

Only wars and assassinations make the history books. Peace does not get recorded.

14. When did the synagogue become a part of Jewish life? Do you think it was an "authorized" change or a human addition to Jewish tradition? Explain why?

This is a thought question which the student will refine as he learns more in this book. If you can answer that the synagogue was authorized by God and explain that satisfactorily, you should be teaching the class.

15. When did the academies originate? What did they study? What did they major their study upon?

They originated in Babylon where at first they studied the Scriptures and the oral law. But later they spent most of their time in study of the oral law.

16. Why do you think the "oral law" became important during the Babylonian captivity?

The oral law described how the written law was to be carried out. With the destruction of the Temple there was no example of the "manner" of performing the sacrifices because the priests were not functioning. Thus, there was a danger of forgetting the proper procedures which were not written down but had been preserved orally. Unfortunately this real need developed into an obsession with the oral law; and more traditions of the Fathers were excessively appended later


 
Lesson Four: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

This lesson covers the historical context at the time of the beginning of Zechariah's book. The broader context is in a chart on page 254. It includes the three stages of the captivity and the seventy year fulfillments or termini of three different starting points.

1 .From the following scriptures give the facts about the first stage of the captivity and the end of the exile which accomplished 70 years from 606 to 536 B.C. 2 Kings 24:1-8; Daniel 1:1-3; 2Chron 36:20-23; Ezra 1:1-3; Isaiah 44:28-45:24

2. From the following scriptures give the people and the facts involved in the second stage of the captivity. 2 Kings 24:10-18; Ezek 1:1-3

4. From the following scriptures name the facts and people involved in the beginning of the third stage of the captivity and the 70 years terminus of this event from 586 BC to 516 BC. . 2Kings 25:1-21 Ezra 6:15-20ff ; Ezek 1:1-3

5. There is a fourth beginning and terminus which marks 70 years which will be covered in the chapter on the Shekinah. What scripture in Zechariah noted in chapter four of the commentary indicates that every aspect of the seventy years was not over yet? Find it in chapter 1.

6. In the author's commentary Revelation a Panorama of the Gospel Age reasons are given for establishing Darius of Daniel 9 as Darius who authorized the rebuilding of the Temple. Give the main reasons for the author's conclusions.

7. How many years had Daniel been in captivity when he wrote Daniel 9?

8. Describe the difference between Haggai and Zechariah and their prophetic styles.

9. Why did God promise to bless the nation physically from the 24th day of the 9th month of the second year of Darius? Had they started building the Temple yet?


Lesson Four - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1 .From the following scriptures give the facts about the first stage of the captivity and the end of the exile which accomplished 70 years from 606 to 536 B.C. 2 Kings 24:1-8; Daniel 1:1-3; 2Chron 36:20-23; Ezra 1:1-3; Isaiah 44:28-45:24

It was the third year of Jehoiakim who was serving under the Egyptians, when Nebuchadnezzar besieged Jerusalem, took Jehoiakim captive but restored him to the throne. Daniel and his friends were taken captive then. Then Jehoiakim rebelled and set in motion events that led to the second stage of the captivity. At the end of 70 years the Babylonians had been replaced by the Persians and Cyrus the new emperor released the Jews from captivity and gave the order for the Temple to be rebuilt.

2. From the following scriptures give the people and the facts involved in the second stage of the captivity. 2 Kings 24:10-18; Ezek 1:1-3

Jehoiakim was dead and Jehoiachin his son followed him for three months at which time Nebuchadnezzar conquered the city again and took Jehoiachin and many of the priests captive, including Ezekiel,. Zedekiah the son of Josiah, brother of Jehoiakim and uncle of Jehoiachin was placed on the throne at Jerusalem. Nebuchadnezzar made him swear with an oath to Jehovah that he would serve the King of Babylon faithfully. This would be about 599 B.C.

4. From the following scriptures name the facts and people involved in the beginning of the third stage of the captivity and the 70 years terminus of this event from 586 BC to 516 BC. . 2Kings 25:1-21 Ezra 6:15-20ff ; Ezek 1:1-3

Zedekiah rebelled against Nebuchadnezzar by the 5th year of his reign which was the year that Ezekiel began to prophesy. Nebuchadnezzar besieged the city from the 9th to the 11th year of Zedekiah when he took the city, sent the remainder of the people into captivity, killed Zedekiah's sons and then put his eyes out and carried him captive to Babylon and then 3 months later Nabuzaradan, the captain of the Babylonian armies, systematically took Jerusalem, the buildings and its walls, down. Exactly 70 years later from this event in 585 B.C. the temple was rededicated in the 6th year of Darius in the year 515 B.C.

5. There is a fourth beginning and its terminus which also marks 70 years which will be covered in the chapter on the Shekinah. What scripture in Zechariah noted in chapter four of the commentary indicates that every aspect of the seventy years was not over yet? Find it in chapter 1. Zech. 1:12

6. In the author's commentary Revelation a Panorama of the Gospel Age reasons are given for establishing Darius of Daniel 9 as Darius who authorized the rebuilding of the Temple. Give the main reasons for the author's conclusions.

Jerusalem was inhabited when Daniel prayed for it which was not the case when Cyrus came to power. Neither Gobrius nor Astyages II are the Darius of Daniel 9. The intensity of Daniel's prayer indicates that he considers the 70 years long over, hence his concern. Dan. 5:31 is 6:1 in the Hebrew text and should be in the English. The author of the book of Daniel wrote two separate narratives which do not follow chronologically. One is the story of the fall of Belshazzar and the other is the story of daniel in the Lion's den. Both have a different cast of characters except for Daniel. Dan. 5:31 does not say Darius succeeded Belshazzar the night the latter died.

7. How many years had Daniel been in captivity when he wrote Daniel 9?

 Approximately 85.

8. Describe the difference between Haggai and Zechariah and their prophetic styles.

Haggai was old and Zechariah was a youth. Haggai was negative and nagging. Zechariah was positive and encouraging about a bright future. Zechariah is full of incredible Messianic prophecies.

9. Why did God promise to bless the nation physically from the 24th day of the 9th month of the second year of Darius? Had they started building the Temple yet?

Because they had had a real change of heart and a desire to do God's will even though they had not yet started the rebuilding.


 
Lesson Five: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Chapter 5: Zechariah a prophet of better days. pas 27 - 34

1. What do the verses Zech. 1:12 & 7:5 indicate about the 70 years. Give more than one conclusion that can be drawn from what you know about the seventy years.

2. Where does the seventy year prophecy originate.

3. What two visions indicate a cleansing of the nation from sin?

4. What is the purpose of the vision of the angels who went all over the earth and found it to be at rest?

5. Give the line of succession from Belshazzar to Darius according to the Bible and according to Herodotus.

6. Cambyses and Smerdis received letters from the Syrians complaining about the Jews. What are the Bible names in Ezra for these two men?

7. Why is there no reply recorded by Cambyses?

8. What was Smerdis' response to the Syrian letters?

9..What occupied Darius for the first two years of his reign?

10. Where did he inscribe the history of his reconquest of the provinces of the Persian Empire? Describe the inscription.

11. How does this fit into the vision of the four angels finding the earth at rest.? How long did the period of Palestinian rest last from Darius?


Lesson Five - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What do the verses Zech. 1:12 & 7:5 indicate about the 70 years. Give more than one conclusion that can be drawn from what you know about the seventy years.

They are just over. They are just about to be over. The seventy years have more than one beginning point and more than one ending point.

2. Where does the seventy year prophecy originate.

Jeremiah 25:11-13

3. What two visions indicate a cleansing of the nation from sin?

The vision of the high priest getting new clothes and the vision of the woman in the basket.

4. What is the purpose of the vision of the angels who went all over the earth and found it to be at rest?

To encourage the fearful Jews to get on with the rebuilding because they were entering a period of political stability.

5. Give the line of succession from Belshazzar to Darius according to the Bible and according to Herodotus.

Belshazzar, Cyrus, Cambyses, Smerdis, Darius. The Bible and Herodotus are in agreement as to the succession. Bible commentators, on the other hand, are mistaken in giving a different line of succession and inventing a non-existent Median Empire previous to Cyrus and the fall of Babylon which they base on a false interpretation of Daniel 5:30, 31 which seems to say that Darius succeeded Belshazzar the same night Belshazzar died. But we have shown that verse 31 is misplaced in the KJV where it is the last verse of Dan 5 while in the Hebrew text it is the first verse of Dan. 6. Thus there are two separate stories and they do not follow in immediate chronological order.

6. Cambyses and Smerdis received letters from the Syrians complaining about the Jews. What are the Bible names in Ezra for these two men?

Cambyses is called Ahasuerus and Smerdis is called Artaxerxes.

7. Why is there no reply recorded by Cambyses?

Cambyses died on the way to Persia shortly after the death of Cyrus.

8. What was Smerdis' response to the Syrian letters?

The building of the Temple was made to stop by force.

9..What occupied Darius for the first two years of his reign?

The 120 provinces or satraps had opted for independence under the inept rule of Smerdis and Darius spent the first part of his reign in reconquest.

10. Where did he inscribe the history of his reconquest of the provinces of the Persian Empire? Describe the inscription.

At Behistun Rock, a mountain near Ekbatana. It is a big rock mountain with a sheer face. 500 ft. above the plain the inscription in three languages including Greek became the key to reading cuneiform script.

11. How does this fit into the vision of the four angels finding the earth at rest.? How long did the period of Palestinian rest last from Darius?

If the vision came in the second year of Darius, a period of unprecedented peace had just started and would be uninterrupted in Palestine for over 400 years!


 
Lesson Six: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal - The Return of the Shekinah To the Index

Read chapter 6 thoroughly first.

1. Give the objections and answers to the objections to the use of the word "Shekinah."

2. How many elders or nobles actually "saw God" in Exodus 24:9? Don't forget Nadab and Abihu.

3. What is the meaning in Exodus 24 of "upon the nobles he laid not his hand"?

4. How many elders were appointed to the "Sanhedrin" by God placing his spirit on them as recorded in Numbers 24 11,12? Who then took Nadab and Abihu's place? Are they the same 70 selected on Sinai?

5. a. Where is Jesus mentioned as being the "Dweller" of Sinai" b. What was Moses seeing when He asked to see God's Glory? Where is that recorded?

6. What is the meaning of the Hebrew word "Mishkan"? How is it usually translated?

7. When did the Shekinah begin to"inhabit" the Tabernacle and how long did this last?

8. What other amendments were made to the Law of Moses at the time of the transfer of the Shekinah from the tabernacle to the Temple of Solomon.? See 2Chr 5:11-14

9. Give the details and verses connected with the departure of the Shekinah from the Temple before its destruction.? After it was destroyed where does Ezekiel record the return vision?

10. Where does Zechariah record the return of the Shekinah.? Was it before or after or at the dedication of the Temple?

11. If it is one year before the dedication of the Temple then how many years are completed between the departure and the return of the Shekinah?

12 . What does Jesus say about the final departure of the Shekinah from the Temple?

13. When did the Temple become desolate the second time?


Lesson Six - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET
The Return of the Shekinah
         

1. Give the objections and answers to the objections to the use of the word "Shekinah."

Shekinah is not a Bible word and was invented by Rabbis who lived after the Biblical period. But the verbal form of the word is in the Bible and the masculine form is in almost an identical use in Isa.57:15. The word describes something accurately that is in the Bible.

2. How many elders or nobles actually "saw God" in Exodus 24:9? Don't forget Nadab and Abihu.

Including Nadab and Abihu there were 72.

3. What is the meaning in Exodus 24 of "upon the nobles he laid not his hand"?

The 72 were selected but not "Ordained" or installed in an office.

4. How many elders were appointed to the "Sanhedrin" by God placing his spirit on them as recorded in Numbers 24 11,12? Who then took Nadab and Abihu's place? Are they the same 70 selected on Sinai?

Including Eldad and Medad there were 72. If they were not the same 70 it would be strange since their names were recorded in writing.

5. a. Where is Jesus mentioned as being the "Dweller" of Sinai? b. What was Moses seeing when He asked to see God's Glory? Where is that recorded?

a. Jesus is called the Shekinah in Ps. 68:16,17. b. Moses was talking to the "cavod YHWH" or Glory of the LORD. Ex.33:18

6. What is the meaning of the Hebrew word "Mishkan" How is it usually translated?

Mishkan means habitation and is usually translated Tabernacle.

7. When did the Shekinah begin to"inhabit" the Tabernacle and how long did this last?

From the dedication of the Tabernacle until the dedication of the Temple of Solomon.

8. What other amendments were made to the Law of Moses at the time of the transfer of the Shekinah from the tabernacle to the Temple of Solomon.? See 2Chr 5:11-14

Instrumental music and singing.

9. Give the details and verses connected with the departure of the Shekinah from the Temple before its destruction.? After it was destroyed where does Ezekiel record the return vision?

It is found in Ezek 10 and 11 where the Shekinah seems to leave and return repeatedly before the final departure from the temple and land noted in Ezek 11:23. The return is in Ezek. 43:2ff

10. Where does Zechariah record the return of the Shekinah? Was it before or after or at the dedication of the Temple? In Zech 1:12 and Zech 8:1-3.

It must be just before the dedication but after it is called the House of YHWH in 7:1..

11. If it is one year before the dedication of the Temple then how many years are completed between the departure and the return of the Shekinah?

From 586 to 516 B.C. is 70 years. Jeremiah said 70 years would be accomplished in the desolations of Jerusalem.

12 . What does Jesus say about the final departure of the Shekinah from the Temple?

"Your house is left unto you desolate." Mt. 23:37.

13. When did the temple become desolate the second time?

At the death of Jesus Christ when the Temple vail tore in two. See Dan 9:26,27


 
Lesson Seven: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

The Restoration of Israel: Chapter 7; pages 53 to 58. Ezekiel 37 should be read in preparation. A copy of the Septuagint version and its translation will be of great assistance in this important lesson.

1. We speak of the "10 lost tribes." When the Levites abandoned the northern kingdom of Israel how many tribes were left to be carried into captivity by the Assyrians? Count them and name them.

2. When the Levites joined Judah after they abandoned the northern kingdom, how many tribes did the kingdom of Judah contain to be carried captive? See 2Chr 11:13,14

3. Was there a union of 10 tribes therefore when Israel was taken captive by the Assyrians?

4. Since the "Ten" tribes started out as "Ten" we still call them 10 tribes. So why does Ephraim sometimes refer to all 10 tribes.

5. Why are "Ephraim" and "Joseph" synonyms for the 10 tribes?

6. Again: Name the tribes that would be associated with the "stick of Joseph" and those associated with the "stick of Judah."

7. Ezek 37:19 says that one stick is given to the other. a. Which stick is given and which then will receive and contain all 12 (or is it 13) tribes? b. Is 1Chr 9:1-3 written after the return from exile?

What is implied?

8. Ezek 37:19 says both nations will be restored and become one nation in the hand of God. Whose hand does the Septuagint translation say all the tribes will be in in the restoration.?

9. Thus in the restoration of the nation after Ezekiel it would be called ______________, and all the tribes would then be in that nation. Is that what happened in history? yes or no? No matter what tribe you came from, in the 2nd commonwealth you would be called a __________..

10. According to Ezekiel 37 and Jeremiah 33 what is the predetermined end of the restored Israel?

11. Explain the last sentence in the text book on page 58.


Lesson Seven - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. We speak of the "10 lost tribes." When the Levites abandoned the northern kingdom of Israel how many tribes were left to be carried into captivity by the Assyrians? Count them and name them.

There were only nine. Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Naphtali, Dan, Gad, Asher, Reuben.

2. When the Levites joined Judah after they abandoned the northern kingdom, how many tribes did the kingdom of Judah contain to be carried captive? See 2Chr 11:13,14

There were 4: Judah, Benjamin, Simeon, Levi.

3. Was there a union of 10 tribes therefore when Israel was taken captive by the Assyrians?

No.

4. Since the "Ten" tribes started out as "Ten" we still call them 10 tribes. So why does Ephraim sometimes refer to all 10 tribes.

Because Ephraim inherited the birthright from his father Joseph, the birthright tribe. See 1Chr 5:1,2.

5. Why are "Ephraim" and "Joseph" synonyms for the 10 tribes?

Because the tribe of Joseph received the birthright and Ephraim claimed authority. See Jer. 31:9

6. Again: Name the tribes that would be associated with the "stick of Joseph" and those associated with the "stick of Judah."

The stick of Joseph in the hand of Ephraim: Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, Zebulun, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Reuben.
The stick of Judah contains: Judah, Benjamin, Simeon, Levi.

7. Ezek 37:19 says that one stick is given to the other. a. Which stick is given and which then will receive and contain all 12 (or is it 13) tribes? b. Is 1Chr 9:1-3 written after the return from Exile? What is implied.

a. Joseph given to Judah which would contain all 13 tribes .
b. After the exile Ephraim and Manasseh sre among the first returnees; the "10 tribes" were not lost but came back like Ezekiel said they would.

8. Ezek 37:19 says both nations will be restored and become one nation in the hand of God. Whose hand does the Septuagint translation say all the tribes will be in in the restoration.? Why did they make this change?

"In the hand of Judah." It is an interpretive translation that matched the time and events in 285 B.C.

9. Thus in the restoration of the nation after Ezekiel it would be called Judah, and all the tribes would then be in that nation. Is that what happened in history? yes or no? No matter what tribe you came from, in the 2nd commonwealth you would be called a Jew .

10. According to Ezekiel 37 and Jeremiah 33 what is the predetermined end of the restored Israel?

The Messianic Kingdom will be ushered in by and take the place of the restoration of the 12 tribes into one nation.

11. Explain the last sentence in the text book on page 58.

Israel as God's true remnant transcends tribes and nation, and the true Israel is the remnant of the faithful whenever or whereever she is found.


 
Lesson Eight: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

The "David" and the "Branch" prophesies. Pages 59 - 70 Chapters 8 and 9.

1. There are similar prophecies in Jer. 23 and 33 noted on pages 62 and 63. When do these passages say that the Branch of David is to grow up?

2. According to Ezek 37 what is the time that the Davidic portion of the prophecy will be fulfilled? See Ezek 37:21-28.

3. In Jeremiah 30:3 ,9 what is the time context of the people of God serving God and David their king?

4a. What then is the period of time during which the Messiah had to come if the prophecies are to be true? When did the period begin and When did it end?

4b. How are the Branch prophecies and the word Nazarene connected?

5. In Ezekiel 34 where does God, through the prophet, lay the blame for Israel's scattering?

6. In the same passage how is the word Israel used? To whom does it refer.

7. Name several different groups or people to whom the name Israel may apply depending on the context. For instance it does not always mean the 10 tribes.

8. Name the current Hebrew words that are used for "Jesus Christ" and "Christians."

9a. In the context of the David and Branch prophecies what do the terms "in that day" or "in those days" refer to?

9b. One of the main points to be learned from this book is :"the coming of the Davidic Messiah is dependent on ___ ___________ __ ___ __ ______ __ _____ ____ first and after that event ___ ____ ____ ___ ___ ___ ____ _____ ____ ____ ___ ________.


Lesson Eight - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

The "David" and the "Branch" prophesies. Pages 59 - 70 Chapters 8 and 9.

1. There are similar prophecies in Jer. 23 and 33 noted on pages 62 and 63. When do these passages say that the Branch of David is to grow up?

When Israel and Judah have been restored to their land and are one nation.

2. According to Ezek 37 what is the time that the Davidic portion of the prophecy will be fulfilled? See Ezek 37:2128.

After the return of Israel and Judah to the land and they are one nation named Judah.

3. In Jeremiah 30:3 ,9 what is the time context of the people of God serving God and David their king?

After the return of both Judah and Israel from captivity

4a. What then is the period of time during which the Messiah had to come if the prophecies are to be true? When did the period begin and When did it end?

After the founding of the second commonwealth under Joshua and Zerubbabel until the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus in 70 A.D.

4b. How are the Branch prophecies and the word Nazarene connected?

The word Nazer means"branch" and the Messiah is called the Nazer in Isaiah 11:1. And in Hebrew in many other places in Isaiah.

5. In Ezekiel 34 where does God, through the prophet, lay the blame for Israel's scattering?

God blames the shepherds, that is, the priests and secular leaders for feeding themselves but not caring for the flock.

6. In the same passage how is the word Israel used? To whom does it refer.

Israel refers to the faithful remnant in this passage and not the 10 tribes. It is inclusive of all God's people.

7. Name several different groups or people to whom the name Israel may apply depending on the context. For instance it does not always mean the 10 tribes.

Jacob, the sons of Jacob, all 12 tribes in the wilderness, the northern kingdom in the divided kingdom, the nine tribes who went into exile under the Assyrians, the tribes who returned from the north country in the restoration or 2nd commonwealth, the faithful remnant in any covenant, the combined nation in restored Israel called Judah, the Messianic kingdom or the church

8. Name the current Hebrew words that are used for "Jesus Christ" and "Christians."

Notsri = Jesus; Notsriym = Christians

9a. In the context of the David and Branch prophecies what do the terms "in that day" or "in those days" refer to?

The time period of the second commonwealth, from the return under Cyrus to the destruction of Jerusalem under Titus of Rome in 70 A.D.

9b. One of the main points to be learned from this book is :"the coming of the Davidic Messiah is dependent on the restoration of all 12 tribes to their land first and after that event they will seek the one who will unite them with the Gentiles. .


 
Lesson Nine: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Chapters 1 and 2 in Zechariah. Chapters 10 & 11 in the Text

1. Review Haggai and Zechariah's dating of the beginning of their prophetic office. When did each begin? How long after Haggai started did Zechariah start? Was building on the temple restarted at those times?

2. Why do you think that the Masoretic Jews made two chapters out of what is called Zechariah one in translation?

3. What is the secular date for the second year of Darius? See Chronology on page ix.

4. What year had the foundation of the temple first been laid?

5. What does the phrase "take hold" imply will happen if we reject the will of God? Why?

6. How much longer after Zechariah began to be a prophet did he receive the vision in v. 7?

7. What is the main intent of the vision? Why was it necessary to convince the Jews of this?

Read the concluding paragraph on page 34 and review chapter V if necessary.

8. Why are the colors of the horses not important the main aim of the vision.

9. In verse 12 does Zechariah consider the 70 years over as yet? If not, how would you harmonize that with the 70 years beginning in 606 B.C. with Nebuchadnezzar's initial captivity and the return 70 years later under Cyrus in 536 B.C.?

10. What other events related to the captivity have 70 years between their start and terminus?

11. How much longer from "a line being stretched on Jerusalem" would it be, after the temple was rebuilt, before the city of Jerusalem would be rebuilt?

12. Why is verse 16 a "shekinah" passage? What does it say about the return of the "shekinah"?

13. What does Zechariah imply is imminent in verse 17?

14. How is the vision of the 4 smiths similar to the vision of the horses? What do the 4 horns signify?


Lesson Nine - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. Review Haggai and Zechariah's dating of the beginning of their prophetic office. When did each begin? How long after Haggai started did Zechariah start? Was building on the temple restarted at those times?

HaggaI started 1/6/2 of Darius. Zechariah started ?/8/2 of Darius or 2 months later. Even though seemingly fearful work started in 24/6/2 actual building on the Temple did not start until after 24/9/2.

2. Why do you think that the Masoretic Jews made two chapters out of what is called Zechariah one in translation?

Any answer is correct.

3. What is the secular date for the second year of Darius? See Chronology on page ix.

519 B.C.

4. What year had the foundation of the temple first been laid?

534 B.C.

5. What does the phrase "take hold" imply will happen if we reject the will of God? Why?

We will suffer because of the inexorable march of history predetermined by the will of God.

6. How much longer after Zechariah began to be a prophet did he receive the vision in v. 7?

He began in ?/8/2, so 24/11/2 is over 3 months later. This is after rebuilding actually started.

7. What is the main intent of the vision? Why was it necessary to convince the Jews of this?

Read the concluding paragraph on page 34 and review chapter V if necessary.

To show that a period of peace for Palestine which would extend for a long time had just started. But that would be hard to believe since Darius had only just won back all the rebelling provinces and disorder had been the norm for as long as anyone could remember.

8. Why are the colors of the horses not important the main aim of the vision.

The aim is to show the world at peace everywhere; the horses' colors do not relate to the aim of the vision.

9. In verse 12 does Zechariah consider the 70 years over as yet? If not, how would you harmonize that with the 70 years beginning in 606 B.C. with Nebuchadnezzar's initial captivity and the return 70 years later under Cyrus in 536 B.C.?

He says they are still going on. There is more than one start and terminus of 70 years.

10. What other events related to the captivity have 70 years between their start and terminus?

From the destruction of the temple to its rededication. From the departure of the Shekinah to its return.

11. How much longer from "a line being stretched on Jerusalem" would it be, after the temple was rebuilt, before the city of Jerusalem would be rebuilt?

Over 60 years.

12. Why is verse 16 a "shekinah" passage? What does it say about the return of the "shekinah"?

The Hebrew uses the word "Shakanti" which means the return is imminent to the statement.

13. What does Zechariah imply is imminent in verse 17?

The beginning of a "Golden Age."

14. How is the vision of the 4 smiths similar to the vision of the horses? What do the 4 horns signify?

The former enemies of Israel are limited by unnamed powers. They probably signify Egypt, Assyria, Babylon, Persia or others of like stature if there are any.


 
Lesson Ten: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah two, chapter 12 in text pages 79 - 86

1. What is the meaning of the Hebrew words, ha-na'ar ha-laz (zL*h^ ru^N~h) and what do they indicate about Zechariah when he began to prophecy?

2. What is the man in v. 1 with the measuring rod doing? Why? Is this a prophesy? Why?

3. What part of Zec 2:5 is a reference to the Shekinah? How are the Hebrew words "cavod YHWH"   hwhy dbk translated?

4. In what verse is the appeal for further "aliyah" of those still dispersed. What word indicates he is looking further than just the main target of Babylon?

5. How is the word "Zion" used in verse 7? Is it unlike the use of the term "Israel?"

6. Why is not Zechariah spoken of when he says "after glory he sent me"; Who is speaking and whom did he send?

7. Why is 2:10 a "Shekinah" passage? What note is in the margin of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible?

8. What is the time frame of "in that day" in 2:11?

9. What is the literal meaning of "Mishkan"? Where is it translated literally instead of the usual word "tabernacle" which is the most often used translation?

10. Give the meaning of  ytbb or "Bivti" which is translated "apple of his eye."

11. The Return from Babylon was to produce a "yishuv" which would develop physically initially and then develop into a final stage. What is the scope of the initial stage and what is the final stage from Zechariah's optimistic point of view?


Lesson Ten - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What is the meaning of the Hebrew words, ha-na'ar ha-laz (zL*h^ ru^N~h) and what do they indicate about Zechariah when he began to prophecy?

Na'ar is youth. Halaz is a specific "this. He was younger than ordinary for a prophet.

2. What is the man in v. 1 with the measuring rod doing? Why? Is this a prophesy? Why?

He is laying out the plan for the city to be built. The design was made but it would be some time before the city was rebuilt. It would be a comforting prophecy for those of that and the next generation who would wait to see it built.

3. What part of Zec 2:5 is a reference to the Shekinah? How are the Hebrew words "cavod YHWH" hwhy dbk translated?

The "Glory in the midst of her" refers to the shekinah. Cavod YHWH is "the glory of the LORD."

4. In what verse is the appeal for further "aliyah" of those still dispersed. What word indicates he is looking further than just the main target of Babylon?

Verse 6 says to flee (he means from Babylon) but the "land of the north" indicates a wider field. Verse 7 contains a similar appeal to "deliver yourself from Babylon."

5. How is the word "Zion" used in verse 7? Is it unlike the use of the term "Israel?"

It refers to the faithful true remnant. The term Israel is used sometimes literally and sometimes spiritually exactly as is the word "Zion."

6. Why is not Zechariah spoken of when he says "after glory he sent me"; Who is speaking and whom did he send?

Because Zechariah was not sent to the Gentiles. God is speaking but he is not sending himself except in the person of the "me" who is related to him. This verse contains mystery.

7. Why is 2:10 a "Shekinah" passage? What note is in the margin of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible?

"Dwell in the midst" would be enough as well as the word "Shakanti" saying the same. The Thompson Chain has "Shekinah" in the margin next to this verse.

8. What is the time frame of "in that day" in 2:11?

The Gentiles will be joined to the Lord in the period of the restored Shekinah as well as the visitation of the one sent as a "Shekinah." This verse has mystery in it as God and Messiah are fused.

9. What is the literal meaning of "Mishkan"? Where is it translated literally instead of the usual word "tabernacle" which is the most often used translation?

Mishkan means "habitation." The tabernacle (or mishkan) was the habitation of the "cavod YHWH."

10. Give the meaning of ytbb or "Bivti" which is translated "apple of his eye."

Bivti means "my beloved" as one would refer to an intimate lover of a sensual nature.

11. The Return from Babylon was to produce a "yishuv" which would develop physically initially and then develop into a final stage. What is the scope of the initial stage and what is the final stage from Zechariah's optimistic point of view?

Initially Zechariah said the yishuv would grow slowly in desperate times but would become numerous. Jerusalem would become so large a wall could not contain it., Judea would again be inhabited and called the "holy land." The final stage reaches to the coming of Messiah's reign.


 
Lesson Eleven: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah chapters 3 and 4; pages 87 - 99 Ezra 5 - 7:1 should be read in preparation for this lesson. It should be kept well in mind. Especially the fact that there are over 60 years between the end of 6 and the start of 7.

1. Chapters 3 & 4 each feature one of the main leaders of Judah at the time of the rebuilding of the Temple. Chapter 3 features ______ ___ ____ ______ and 4 features __________.

2. What do the filthy garments signify? Think carefully. They do not signify Joshua's sins.

3. Where do the filthy garments come from?

4. What does the change to new clothes signify?

5. Is this a prophecy or an announcement? If a prophesy when was it likely fulfilled?

6. Who is the message in chapter 4 directed to?

7. a. What is the main point in both chapters? b. What is the aim? c. What is to be accomplished and how?

8. What was and, according to the prophecy, is to be Zerubbabel's part in the building of the Temple? How soon was this part to be fulfilled?

9. a. What does the "plummet do? b. Is it a vision? c. If so when is it fulfilled?

10. a. Who are the two olive trees? b. What is their role? c. Do they do the work for the nation?


Lesson Eleven - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. Chapters 3 & 4 each feature one of the main leaders of Judah at the time of the rebuilding of the Temple. Chapter 3 features Joshua the High Priest and 4 features Zerubbabel.

2. What do the filthy garments signify? Think carefully. They do not signify Joshua's sins.

They represent the sinfulness of the priesthood, particularly the High priesthood.

3. Where do the filthy garments come from?

They come from the past, inherited from the priesthood before the exile who clothed themselves with avarice.

4. What does the change to new clothes signify?

It signifies a cleansing of the priesthood which will now serve God and the nation rather than self.

5. Is this a prophecy or an announcement? If a prophesy when was it likely fulfilled?

This is a prophecy. It did not happen for the rest of the priests and the immediate successors of Joshua until Ezra's reform.

6. Who is the message in chapter 4 directed to?

Zerubbabel

7. a. What is the main point in both chapters? b. What is the aim? c. What is to be accomplished and how?

a. The need to rebuild the Temple. b. To encourage the nation to build. c. A completed temple by the nation backing righteous leaders..

8. What was and, according to the prophecy, is to be Zerubbabel's part in the building of the Temple? How soon was this part to be fulfilled?

He laid the foundation stone of the Temple and he would be present to finish it. It was rebegun by Zerubbabel in the 2nd year of Darius and dedicated in the 6th year of Darius.

9. a. What does the "plummet do? b. Is it a vision? c. If so when is it fulfilled?

a. It separates the evil from the nation. b. It is a vision and therefore a prophecy. c. It would not be complete until Ezra's reform. See Neh. 8!

10. a. Who are the two olive trees? b. What is their role? c. Do they do the work for the nation?

a. Joshua and Zerubbabel. b. They provide the fuel to energize the nation. c. The nation works.


 
Lesson Twelve: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

The flying roll and the ephah are the visions of this lesson on pages 100 - 106.

1. Why are these two visions placed in the same chapter?

2. What are the two national besetting sins that are dealt with in this chapter?

3. What is a "megillah" or "roll?"

5. The text book has pages 5.1/2 inches by 8.1/2 inches. How many pages would stretch across 30 feet? Hint: that is 360 divided by 5.1/2. How many rows down would there be in 15 feet'?  Hint: that is 180 divided by 8.1/2". Of course a bigger book would have less pages.

It would be more than _____ pages across. It would have ____ rows..

Multiply those numbers. There would be _________ pages the size of our text in the flying roll.

6. Explain verses 3, and 4,

7. a. Does the flying roll cut off the sinner? b. Does it destroy the dwelling place of the sinner? c. What is left?.

8. A. What is that the flying roll represents? b. When will it accomplish this task? c. How does this relate to the office of prophet?

9. Why is the figure of a basket with a lead cover used?

10. What doest the woman in the basket represent?

11. Where is the woman in the basket taken? Why?

12. What does placing her on a strong foundation in a house in Babylon imply?

13. What message is this to the Jews who remain in Babylon?

14. When were these visions fulfilled?


Lesson Twelve - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. Why are these two visions placed in the same chapter?

Because it is evident that they both speak of the same problem and result.

2. What are the two national besetting sins that are dealt with in this chapter?

Dishonesty: Lying and stealing. Thelatter either theft or cheating in business.

3. What is a "megillah" or "roll?"

A megillah is a scroll which is the ancient form of books.

5. The text book has pages 5 1/2" X 8 1/2". How many pages would stretch across 30'? Hint: that is 360" divided by 5 1/2". How many rows down would there be in 15'? Hint: that is 180 divided by 8 1/2". Of course a bigger book would have less pages.

It would be more than 64 pages across. It would have 21 rows..

Multiply those numbers. There would be 1344 pages the size of our text in the flying roll.

Now double that number, because there are two sides to the megillah. 2688 pages.

6. Explain verses 3, and 4,

The flying roll is the written word of God which is destined to bring moral regeneration to the nation. The liar quits his lying when he comepares his life to one side of it and the thief quits his dishonesty when he compares his life to the other side of it.

7. a. Does the flying roll cut off the sinner? b. Does it destroy the dwelling place of the sinner? c. What is left?

a. The sin is cut off not the sinner.
b. Yes the structure created by the sinner is cut off but c. the sinner is left without the sin or the means to commit further sin within the old frame work.

8. a. What is that the flying roll represents? b. When will it accomplish this task? c. How does this relate to the office of prophet?

The written word of God, the Bible. Not until the time of Ezra's reform when the scriptures became the center ofreligious life for the Jews. The scriptures would then take the place that the office of prophet had held since the time of the divided kingdom.

9. Why is the figure of a basket with a lead cover used?

The basket is the standard in business for measures and the lead is the standard for weight. The symbols represent dishone4sty in business. You could not go shopping without being cheated.

10. What does the woman in the basket represent?

The sin of dishonesty in business.

11. Where is the woman in the basket taken? Why?

She is taken to Babylon because that is the place of her origin.

12. What does placing her on a strong foundation in a house in Babylon inply?

It implies that dishonesty will firmly continue to be practiced in Babylonian business enterprises.

13. What message is this to the Jews who remain in Babylon?

The Jews in Babylon will not be freed from thedse practices, they should return to Zion.

14. When were these visions fulfilled?

Ezra, 60 years after Zechariah, started the moral revival based on mass meeting at which the word of God was read and explained recorded in Neh 8. This continued through the "silent years."


 
Lesson Thirteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 6. Pages 107 - 117 in the text.

1. What primary purpose of the prophet is continued in these visions in chapter 6?

2. What part of the vision particularly refers to the secondary purpose?

3. Where are the horses in the visions of the four chariots?

4. Give the reasons why the colors of the horses can not be held to be of great significance.

5. What is the mission of those in the chariots?

6. Is there any indication in the text that they are on a mission of destruction?

7. a. What are the major directions that the horses went? b. How many went through the north country?

8. Why was more attention given to the "north"?

9. How is the purpose of the prophet encouraged by this vision?

10. Compare vss 10 & 14. Who are the people spoken of? Are they individuals or groups?

11. a. How many crowns were made? b. What was their initial purpose? c. What is their prophetic purpose?

12. Why is placing the crowns on Joshua's head a symbol of some one else?

13. What ultimately happened to the crowns?

14. Where is the call of the Gentiles mentioned and how must it be fulfilled?


Lesson Thirteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What primary purpose of the prophet is continued in these visions in chapter 6?

To show that the time to rebuild the Temple had arrived.

2. What part of the vision particularly refers to the secondary purpose?

The Crowns being placed on the head of Joshua the high priest and calling him the Branch.

3. Where are the horses in the visions of the four chariots?

They are in, not outside, the chariots .

4. Give the reasons why the colors of the horses can not be held to be of great significance.

Because in their further descriptions the colors are not consistent Since white and black go in the same direction to do the same thing the mission is not indicated by color.

5. What is the mission of those in the chariots?

They go through the whole earth looking and influencing a quieting of God's spirit, particularly in the north country.

6. Is there any indication in the text that they are on a mission of destruction?

Just the opposite. They have a quieting or peace producing mission.

7. a. What are the major directions that the horses went?  b. How many went through the north country?

a. Two groups went north one to the south and one all around,  i.e. "to and fro" including the north.

8. Why was more attention given to the "north"?

That is the direction from which the most threat to Israel would come. Babylonia, Assyria, Persia, etc.

9. How is the purpose of the prophet encouraged by this vision?

Since a time of peace was to increase, the Temple could be rebuilt without fear of intervention.

10. Compare vss 10 & 14. Who are the people spoken of? Are they individuals or groups?

Those named are more likely groups or classes of volunteers who came from Babylon to help in the Temple rebuilding. The names are used differently in each verse showing that characteristics are described rather than individuals named.

11. a. How many crowns were made? b. What was their initial purpose? c. What is their prophetic purpose?

a. two.
b. To commemorate the work of the volunteers.
c. To foretell the Nazarene King-Priest.

12. Why is placing the crowns on Joshua's head a symbol of some one else?

Because Joshua could not wear the crown of State or King.

13. What ultimately happened to the crowns?

After the temple was rebuilt they were placed above the door inside 60 feet above the floor.

14. Where is the call of the Gentiles mentioned and how must it be fulfilled?

The church is the spiritual Temple which is the historical continuation and fulfillment of the physical temple. Zec 6:15 says those far off would come and build in the Temple at the time of the King-Priest. There are no end time prophecies in any of this.


 
Lesson Fourteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 7 & 8. Pages 118 to 130 in the text.

1. Calculate how long it was from the visions of chapter seven until the dedication of the Temple.

2. Discuss the phrase "house of God" in the KJV in 7:2. What do you think it means?

3. Where were the priests in 7:3? What is indicated by this?

4. What were the questions that were asked? Why do you think they would ask then?

5. What is implied in 7:5 about the seventy years?

6. What is more important than prayer and fasting?

7. What does 7:14 describe? What is the meaning of desolate?

8. What are the main difficulties in pinning down the exact point of the return of the Shekina in 8:1-3?

9. From the description of the future what was the condition of Jerusalem at the time of the dedication of the Temple?

10. What is predicted in 8:7,8?

11.What was the condition in Judah during the time between the laying of the foundation of the Temple and its dedication?

12. What does the future hold for the nation after the dedication of the Temple?

13. What does the word "Jew" mean in 8:22?


Lesson Fourteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. Calculate the time from the visions of chapter seven until the dedication of the Temple.

(The Hebrew calendar in use today begins at the Creation, which is calculated to have occurred 3,760 years before the Christian era. The week consists of 7 days, beginning with Saturday, the Sabbath; the year consists of 12 lunar months--Tishri, Heshvan, Kislav, Tebet, Shebat, Adar, Nisan, Iyar, Sivan, Tammuz, Ab, and Elul--which are alternately 29 and 30 days long. Because a year is some 11 days longer than 12 lunar months, a 13th month ve-Adar, is added seven times during every 19-year cycle) Nisan is the first month.) Thus from 4/9/4 to 3/12/6 is 2 years and 3 months less a day.

2. Discuss the phrase "house of God" in the KJV in 7:2. What do you think it means?

Beth El is house of God. It is also the name of a city north of Jerusalem. The city of Bethel probably sent men to the Priests at Jerusalem with the questions about fasting.

3. Where were the priests in 7:3? What is indicated by this?

They were in the house of God. It indicates the Temple was partially finished and in use. Hence the question about fasting.

4. What were the questions that were asked? Why do you think they would ask then?

Should they continue the fasts they had appointed because of the destruction of Jerusalem and the Temple. The Temple was now in use and the fast was because of desolations now past.

5. What is implied in 7:5 about the seventy years?

That at least one portion of the seventy year prophesy was not yet over.

6. What is more important than prayer and fasting?

Judgement, mercy, compassion, care for widows, orphans, strangers, poor, and not imagining evil about your brother in your heart.

7. What does 7:14 describe? What is the meaning of desolate?

The 70 years of captivity. Without inhabitant.

8. What are the main difficulties in pinning down the exact point of the return of the Shekina in 8:1-3?

The Hebrew verbs can be translated past or future depending on context.

9. From the description of the future what was the condition of Jerusalem at the time of the dedication of the Temple?

Buildings incomplete, unpaved streets and dangerous conditions.

10. What is predicted in 8:7,8?

More "oliym chadashiym coming making the "aliyah" to join a nation seeking righteousness. From then through the "silent years."

11.What was the condition in Judah during the time between the laying of the foundation of the Temple and its dedication?

A lot of civil strife, danger of violence for travelers, unemployment. poor economy.

12. What does the future hold for the nation after the dedication of the Temple?

God's watchcare, physical blessings, a period of prosperity and envy from neighbors.

13. What does the word "Jew" mean in 8:22?

The word "Jew" is use in a generic sense here to mean all of God's people. Like Israel, or Zion


 
Lesson Fifteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 9. Chapter XIX in the text.

1. What word or words mark this as a new section? See page 160 of the text.

2. The majority of events in chapters 9 - 11 are to be fulfilled in what time period?

3. Especially in chapter 9 what is the exception?

4. Locate Hamath.

5. Locate the area from Hamath to Gaza., including Tyre, Sidon, Askelon and Ashdod, Ekron.

6. What do you think "Damascus shall be the rest thereof" means?

7. How did God protect the Temple when Alexander came to Jerusalem?

8. Describe his visit with the High Priest.

9. How is Alexander described?

10. Name several things that identify Israel's king that would contrast with Alexander.

11. What events are expecially fulfilled in the advent of Jesus that are foretold here"

12. What verses show that these events happened when all 12 tribes were reunited?

13. Describe the Macabbean revolt as seen by Zechariah.

14. What was God's attitude toward the Jews at this time?


Lesson Fifteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What word or words mark this as a new section? See page 160 of the text.

"An Oracle." This word indicates a new section beginning at each occurrence, once in 9:1 and once in 12:1. So Zechariah is divided into three sections of visions. The first 1 - 8 primarily deal with events leading up to the rebuilding and dedication of the Temple in the years 2 - 6 of Darius. The second section is called an Oracle and includes 9 - 11; predicting events from the establishment of the "Yishuv" to the advent of the Messiah in the context of the second commonwealth being "God's Israel." The third is the Oracle of 12 - 14 which describes the advent of the Messiah in a context of the new and continuing Israel from which Judah had departed and joined the enemy.

2. The majority of events in chapters 9 - 11 are to be fulfilled in what time period?

During the "silent years."

3. Especially in chapter 9 what is the exception?

The Messianic section in 9:9-12.

4. Locate Hamath.

Hamath is on the Orontes River near Issus where Alexander fought the first Battle with Darius III and began his excursion down the Palestinian coast to Egypt.

5. Locate the area from Hamath to Gaza., including Tyre, Sidon, Askelon and Ashdod, Ekron.

These represent the major cities on the whole of the Palestinian coast which Alexander devastated except for Jerusalem which he did not enter.

6. What do you think "Damascus shall be the rest thereof" means?

It probably means Alexander will end his attacks on Palestine there. Alexander passed by Jerusalem on his way down the coast attacking and subduing each city and he returned and met the High Priest outside the city of Jerusalem. he passed by until he came to Damascus which was devastated by him and then he rested from war for a while.

7. How did God protect the Temple when Alexander came to Jerusalem?

He put his own protecting arm around it. Alexander was blessed by and received the blessing of the High Priest.

8. Describe his visit with the High Priest.

He said he had seen the High priest in a vision. The young people of Judah were attracted to him and joined his armies. He left Jerusalem exactly as he found it.

9. How is Alexander described?

As "he who passes by."

10. Name several things that identify Israel's king that would contrast with Alexander.

Lowly, riding a nondescript unwarlike animal, he will speak peace.

11. What events are especially fulfilled in the advent of Jesus that are foretold here"

The triumphal entry, the crucifixion (the blood of your covenant), the resurrection (prisoners of the pit are given hope) and The call of the Gentiles (dominion from sea to sea.)

12. What verses show that these events happened when all 12 tribes were reunited?

Verse 9 (chariot from Ephraim and horse from Jerusalem) and verse 13 (bent judah and filled the bow with Ephraim.)

13. Describe the Macabbean revolt as seen by Zechariah.

An attack against the religion of a combined Judah and Ephraim is seen in the word "Zion" which is a picture of the spiritual remnant. Therefore this attack is to come from the Greeks against the Jew's religion. God is to intervene directly in a battle where the Jew's weapons are arrows and stones! But there will be great joy in the outcome.

14. What was God's attitude toward the Jews at this time?

They were "his flock," "the apple of his eye."


 
Lesson Sixteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 10. Pages 140 - 152. Review chapters 2, 3, 5 in the text

!. The section of the nation which made up the exile in Assyria was_______________.

2. The exiles in Babylon were from ________________.

3. The exiles in Egypt had their primary origin from _________________.

4. When did the promised agricultural blessings begin and how long would they last?

5. How is the dependance of all the rest of the tribes upon Judah described?

6. What verses show that the fulfillment of these prophecies would be in a context of a restored nation containing all 12 tribes?

7. What indicates that large groups of "oliym"are to be expected in the future?

8. Where are the "oliym" to come from?

9. Where are they to settle?

10. What is the remnant of the Assyrians today?

11. When was the Temple built in Egypt? What were the circumstances. Do the actions of Onias have anything to do with fulfilling Isaiah 19?


Lesson Sixteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. The section of the nation which made up the exile in Assyria was the "ten tribes of Israel."

2. The exiles in Babylon were from Judah and the associated tribes, (Benjamin, Simeon, Levi.)

3. The exiles in Egypt had their primary origin from Judah,

4. When did the promised agricultural blessings begin and how long would they last?

They began in the 2nd tear of Darius when the people set their mind on rebuilding the Temple. They were promised to extend into a golden age of a large population in a restored nation during a period of divine protection.

5. How is the dependance of all the rest of the tribes upon Judah described?

Judah is the cornerstone, the lynch pin, the source of defence, the political structure for the rest of ten tribes as seen in vss 3, 4.

6. What verses show that the fulfillment of these prophecies would be in a context of a restored nation containing all 12 tribes?

Verse 6 and 7 use "Joseph" and "Ephraim" as representative names of the 10 tribes of Israel who are to be joined to Judah in further immigrations which shall continue to the next generation and beyond. A picture of a long term of nation growth through immigration from the 10 tribes is meant.

7. What indicates that large groups of "oliym"are to be expected in the future?

In verse 8 "they shall increase as they have increased." and Verse 10 "place shall not be found for them."

8. Where are the "oliym" to come from?

From Egypt and Assyria.

9. Where are they to settle?

In the Galilee.

10. What is the remnant of the Assyrians today?

The Kurdish tribes scattered in Iraq, Turkey, and Armenia and else where. They have no national land of their own.

11. When was the Temple built in Egypt? What were the circumstances. Do the actions of Onias have anything to do with fulfilling Isaiah 19?

Approximately 160 B.C. Onias the rightful High Priest fled Judah because the Greeks in Antioch still controlled the politics of the Jews and had appointed a false high priest. He claimed to fulfill the prophecy of Isaiah 19. I have no opinion as to whether he did or did not fulfill the prophecy.


 
Lesson Seventeen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 11. Pages 153 to 159 in the text.

1. What are the changes in Zechariah's perspective that are seen in this Chapter?

2. Name some things that make it certain that Zechariah sees beyond the " Golden Age" in these visions of chapter 11.

3. What is the most obvious part of the chapter to show that it refers to Jesus of Nazareth?

4. Why, at the point in time, that the vision describes, are God's people called the "flock of slaughter?"

5. "Three shepherds I cut off in one month" probably refers to the ____________, the _____________ and the ________________.

6. What covenant is it that God broke that he had made with "all the peoples.?"

7. When did God break it and who knew it was broken?

8. How much was "Beauty" sold for. What happened to the money? How is this fulfilled.?

9. Why does the context of Zechariah make it difficult to understand "break the brotherhood" in verse 14? How can it be understood?

10. What is a "foolish shepherd?"

11. What makes it plain that verses`15, 16 are spoken in irony?

12. What is the difference between the perspective of these historical prophecies about the Messianic visit and the rest of the Zechariah chapter 12 - 14? Hint: How is the "Yishuv" viewed?


Lesson Seventeen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What are the changes in Zechariah's perspective that are seen in this Chapter?

He does not see good times but a time characterized by selfish leadership who exploit rather than serve the people. This is in a context of God rejecting rather than protecting his people.

2. Name some things that make it certain that Zechariah sees beyond the " Golden Age" in these visions of chapter 11.

The answer will be similar to the first question. The time of blessing is past. Zechariah saw a glorious future stretching out from the building of the second temple that would result in a large population that was fully serving God. He now sees a decline beyond the years of the blessing or "Golden Age."

3. What is the most obvious part of the chapter to show that it refers to Jesus of Nazareth?

The thirty pieces of silver.

4. Why, at the point in time, that the vision describes, are God's people called the "flock of slaughter?"

Because the leaders are seen as shepherds who do not care for the flock except for their meat.

5. "Three shepherds I cut off in one month" probably refers to the Priests or Scribes, the Pharisees and the Sadducees.

6. What covenant is it that God broke that he had made with "all the peoples.?"

The Mosaic covenant at Sinai which was made with all the tribes, not just Judah only.

7. When did God break it and who knew it was broken?

It was broken when "Beauty" was sold for 30 pieces of silver. The common or poor but not the leaders.

8. How much was "Beauty" sold for. What happened to the money? How is this fulfilled.?

30 pieces of Silver. It was cast in the Temple to the Potter. Judas sold Jesus for 30 pieces of silver, regretted his action, threw the money in the Temple when the priests disclaimed him, Judas hanged himself, the priests bought a field to bury Judas from a potter who got the money.

9. Why does the context of Zechariah make it difficult to understand "break the brotherhood" in verse 14? How can it be understood?

The rest of Zechariah emphasizes the restoration of the 12 tribes. That took place. This then must be after the restoration.

10. What is a "foolish shepherd?"

Someone who serves himself and not the people. He cares for none's ills and offers no help.

11. What makes it plain that verses`15, 16 are spoken in irony?

Verse 17 has the punishment mentioned for the self serving shepherds.

12. What is the difference between the perspective of these historical prophecies about the Messianic visit and the rest of the Zechariah chapter 12 - 14? Hint: How is the "Yishuv" viewed?

Chapter 11 belongs in the "Oracle of 9 - 11 and not with 12 because it views the Messianic event from the perspective of being in a morally declined "Yishuv" with the tribes still together. From chapter 12 onward the separation between Judah and "Israel-Zion" has taken place and therefore the "yishuv" is not seen at all.


 
Lesson Eighteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 12. Pages 160 to 170 in the text.

1. What indicates this and the following two chapters are part of the same vision.

2. What will the terms "Israel, Zion, house of David, Jerusalem" refer to in this chapter?

3. What will "Judah" refer to from now on in the book? Is this a change from the earlier portions of Zechariah? Why the change?

4. Explain the literal meaning of verse two. Who is to fight against whom? Who do these participants symbolize.

5. Who are the horses and riders of verse 4?

6. Does the prophecy say that the "governors" or lesser rulers follow the "Horses and riders?" If not whom do they follow? How can this be fulfilled?

7. Which verse may be a picture of the day of Pentecost?

8. Why is the house of Judah to be saved first?

9. How can the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem be distinguished from the house of Judah?

10. How will all nations (including the house of Judah) be treated by the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the house of David when God "seeks to destroy" them?

11. How do you explain the "they shall look on me...and mourn for him" in verse 10?

12. What events in this chapter belong to "In that day." What day?

13. Explain the mourning of verses 11 - 14.


Lesson Eighteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What indicates this and the following two chapters are part of the same vision.

The "Oracle" at the beginning of chapter nine marks 9 - 11 as one section and this is a second "oracle" encompassing 12 - 14.

2. What will the terms "Israel, Zion, house of David, Jerusalem" refer to in this chapter?

They will all refer to the spiritual or ideal state of Israel, the remnant of the Messianic Kingdom.

3. What will "Judah" refer to from now on in the book? Is this a change from the earlier portions of Zechariah? Why the change?

It will refer to the natural nation separated from the Israel of God. In the earlier portions of the book Judah was a synonym for Israel and are the people of God's choosing. Zec 11:14 indicates the brotherhood between the natural nation and Israel, the true remnant, was broken at the cross.

4. Explain the literal meaning of verse two. Who is to fight against whom? Who do these participants symbolize.

The literal meaning is that Judah shall be in the siege against Jerusalem. Judah is the natural nation and Jerusalem is "Jerusalem which is above" or the Messianic Kingdom. The brotherhood has been broken and Judah has joined the enemy and now attacks the Kingdom of the Messiah.

5. Who are the horses and riders of verse 4?

They represent the strongest political leaders and those who use their authority.

6. Does the prophecy say that the "governors" or lesser rulers follow the "Horses and riders?"

If not whom do they follow? How can this be fulfilled?

No they, in their hearts, rather trust the simple faith of the common people and follow them. Many of the priests and lesser rulers like Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathaea found strength to confess in the faith of the common people.

7. Which verse may be a picture of the day of Pentecost?

Verse 6.

8. Why is the house of Judah to be saved first?

So that Christians will not boast of their position above Jews. Ultimately to show the wickedness of anti-semitic hatred.

9. How can the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem be distinguished from the house of Judah?

In this chapter they are separated. Judah attacks Jerusalem in verse 2, the strong leaders of Judah are struck with blindness in verse 4, the lesser governors of judah leave judah and join Jerusalem in verses 5 and 6, and God saves some of the tents of the house of Judah first before the house of David is saved, and those of David are not to boast of their position over Judah.

10. How will all nations (including the house of Judah) be treated by the inhabitants of Jerusalem and the house of David when God "seeks to destroy" them?

They will meet them with the spirit of grace and supplication, not anti-semitic vitriol.

11. How do you explain the "they shall look on me...and mourn for him" in verse 10?

It can only be explained as the mystery of the unity of the Godhead.

12. What events in this chapter belong to "In that day." What day?

Verse 10 marks the day as the day of the pierced Messiah. Judah attacks Jerusalem in that day; In that day the leaders of the nation become blind and enraged, but lesser rulers are filled with the zeal of the Lord in that day, in that day God fights for Jerusalem against all enemies, the Messiah is pierced in that day, and mourning for him begins in that day to continue. "That day" either refers to the whole of Jesus' messianic mission of 3 years or to the last week of that mission with the results that follow the resurrection.

13. Explain the mourning of verses 11 - 14.

The mourning for the pierced Messiah is "existential" to be done by all classes of people individually.


 
Lesson Nineteen: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 19: Pages 171 - 175

1. What words make it plain that there should not be a chapter break between 12 and 13?

2. What words make it plain that this is a Messianic passage?

3. Why does the religious purity described in verses 2 - 4 not refer to the same period that Zechariah prophesied in 8:7?

4. What is wrong with the NIV translation of Zec. 13:6?

5. What is the meaning of the Hebrew words i*yd\y "yadeyka" in 13:6. What does the Hebrew word [wg "guph" mean?

6. From what place does the text say that the one wounded received his wounds?

7. In 12:10 what is the Hebrew word for "pierced" and what does it mean"

8. What does the Hebrew word for "my friends" yb*h&a^= ('Ahavay) mean and what does it therefore imply?

9. Where is Zec 13:7 quoted in the N.T. and how is it applied? How does that relate to the rest of the"in that day" passages in Zechariah 12 & 13?

10. Give the meaning of "gibor amitiy" yt!ym!u& rb#G#^ which is translated the "man who is my fellow" in verse 7.

11. Who do you think that the one third mentioned in verse 8 refers to?

12. What happens to the one third who are left?

13. What should we expect of the Christian life therefore?


Lesson Nineteen - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What words make it plain that there should not be a chapter break between 12 and 13?

"In that day," house of David, inhabitants of Jerusalem,

2. What words make it plain that this is a Messianic passage?

"David;" To a Christian, Jesus said v. 7 was fulfilled at the Garden of Gethsemane.

3. Why does the religious purity described in verses 2 - 4 not refer to the same period that Zechariah prophesied in 8:7?

Because this is in the period after the Golden Age after the leaders of the nation had reverted to the self interest that characterized the immediate pre-exile period. Zechariah prophesied in 8:7 that due to the rebuilding of the Temple an age of religious purity would follow for the nation. After that period which lasted 100s of years there was a decline. The Messiah would create a return to the condition of doctrinal and religious purity in his New Jerusalem.

4. What is wrong with the NIV translation of Zec. 13:6?

It does not translate the passage from the words that are in the text. There is no satisfactory explanation as to why they substitute "body" for "hands."

5. What is the meaning of the Hebrew words i*yd\y "yadeyka" in 13:6. What does the Hebrew word [wg "guph" mean?

Yadeyka is plural with a 2nd person suffix. It means your hands (and nothing else.) Guph means body. It is not in the text.

6. From what place does the text say that the one wounded received his wounds?

In or from the house of his friends.

7. In 12:10 what is the Hebrew word for "pierced" and what does it mean"

The Hebrew word is "daqar" ( rqd) and it means to stab.

8. What does the Hebrew word for "my friends" yb*h&a^= ('Ahavay) mean and what does it therefore imply?

It means a love relationship and implies that the physical Jews were the beloved when Jesus came to them.

9. Where is Zec 13:7 quoted in the N.T. and how is it applied? How does that relate to the rest of the"in that day" passages in Zechariah 12 & 13?

Mt 26:31 says that striking the shepherd and scattering the sheep referred to his arrest and the apostles leaving him. Since this is the "in that day" of the pierced Messiah, then Jesus has identified himself with the rest of these prophecies in a personal way.

10. Give the meaning of "gibor amitiy" yt!ym!u& rb#G#^ which is translated the "man who is my fellow" in verse 7.

It means that the Messiah belongs to YHWH's social group. He is the Heroic one or mighty one of YHWH's closest "fellowship."

11. Who do you think that the one third mentioned in verse 8 refers to?

The saved remnant. The majority are lost

12. What happens to the one third who are left?

They are refined in fire.

13. What should we expect of the Christian life therefore?

A refining process through trials and tribulations with salvation both now and later.


 
Lesson Twenty: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Zechariah 14. Pages 176 - 190 in the text.

1. What is the most controversial part of this chapter? Why?

2. What does James the brother of Jesus say is the fulfillment of Amos 9:11, 12?

3. What words in Amos 9:11 make it clear that it is a Messianic prophecy?

4. What is a hyperbole?

5. What are the hyperboles of Amos 9?

6. Name several things in Zechariah 14 that are predicted about the Messiah that had to be fulfilled in his first coming?

7. Can all of the rhetorical questions in section 1 on page 181 of the text be answered yes?

8. What does the day described in verses 6 & 7 sound like to you?

9. Where else in the Bible is there a vision of living waters that is fulfilled in the church?

10. What is the area south of Jerusalem described in verse 10 like?

11.What other verse says the same thing as verse 14?

12. Name several things in verses 16 - 21 that can not have a literal fulfillment. How can they be seen to be fulfilled in founding of the church of Christ?

13. Are there any end time prophecies in Zechariah?


Lesson Twenty - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What is the most controversial part of this chapter? Why?

The vision of Mt Olive splitting in half. Half moved to the north and half to the south. Because nothing like that has happened yet and that would make it an end time prophecy. The author of this book does not see it as an end time prophecy but as part of the "day of the pierced Messiah."

2. What does James the brother of Jesus say is the fulfillment of Amos 9:11, 12?

He says that when Peter preached to Cornelius and from then on Gentiles came into the church through the preaching of Paul and others that was the fulfillment of raising up the tabernacle of David and possessing the Gentiles.

3. What words in Amos 9:11 make it clear that it is a Messianic prophecy?

"Tabernacle of David."

4. What is a hyperbole?

A rhetorical exaggeration to emphasize a point. Like, "I told you a million times not to do that."

5. What are the hyperboles of Amos 9?

Hills melting, streams of grape juice running down the mountains, reapers not able to get all the crop our nor the harvesters of grapes get all the juice before next harvest brings more.

6. Name several things in Zechariah 14 that are predicted about the Messiah that had to be fulfilled in his first coming?

7. Can all of the rhetorical questions in section 1 on page 181 of the text be answered yes?

Yes

8. What does the day described in verses 6 & 7 sound like to you?

It sounds like the day when jesus was crucified.

9. Where else in the Bible is there a vision of living waters that is fulfilled in the church?

In Ezekiel 47 where the Temple is a symbol of the church and living waters become a river too big to pass over.

10. What is the area south of Jerusalem described in verse 10 like?

It is barren and desert.

11.What other verse says the same thing as verse 14? 12:2

12. Name several things in verses 16 - 21 that can not have a literal fulfillment. How can they be seen to be fulfilled in founding of the church of Christ?

Gentiles keeping the feast of Tabernacles, a restoration of the sacrifices in Jerusalem, pots in the Temple, bowls before the altar, a temple house without Canaanites

13. Are there any end time prophecies in Zechariah?

There are none that I have been able to see? How about you?


 
Lesson Twenty one: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Chapters 26 - 29. Pages 194 - 212

1. What evidences for the existence of an oral law, parallel to the written law of Moses, does the author give from the word "manner" in the O.T.?

2. What element in the passover is mentioned in oral law but not in the law of Moses?

3. What is inferred by Jesus use of the cup in the passover?

4. Could the elements of the Lord's supper be based on a human tradition? See Deut 4:1-2.

5. What scripture tells of the selection of members of the Sanhedrin. What is the probable meaning of "upon the nobles of Israel he laid not his hand."?

6. Were the 70 (or actually 72 with Nadab and Abihu) ever actually "ordained" officially?

If so where and how?

7. Who took Nadab and Abihu's place?

8. Where is constitution and order of succession of the Sanhedrin recorded?

9. When was the last official meeting of the Sanhedrin that we know of in the O.T.? Where is the record of the meeting? What important decision was made there?

10. In the trial of Jesus what indicates that the Sanhedrin acted on human impulse instead of divine authority?

11. Paul was instructed in the "perfect manner of the law of the fathers." Where was that law recorded?

12. Did Paul keep the "oral law" after he was a Christian? Did James? Give an example.

13. What is the Mishnah? When was it collected? Who codified it and where?

14. Describe the difference between Haggadah and Halakah.

15. What is the Talmud? Is the Talmud and the Mishnah Haggadah or Halakah?

16. What does the author mean when he says the Mishnah contains "oral law" given on Sinai?

17. Have you ever seen a copy of the Mishnah?


Lesson Twenty One- Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What evidences for the existence of an oral law, parallel to the written law of Moses, does the author give from the word "manner" in the O.T.?

Offerings are commanded but the manner of offering them is not prescribed even though the manner is often commanded, i.e. "after the manner of daughters."

2. What element in the passover is mentioned in oral law but not in the law of Moses?

The cup is in the oral law but the written passover makes no mention of the fruit o the vine. The oral law prescribes 4 cups during the passover.

3. What is inferred by Jesus use of the cup in the passover?

That Jesus accepted the validity of the oral law.

4. Could the elements of the Lord's supper be based on a human tradition? See Deut 4:1-2.

If the inclusion of the fruit of the vine in the passover is a human tradition then it would be an addition to the law of Moses which was forbidden.

5. What scripture tells of the selection of members of the Sanhedrin. What is the probable meaning of "upon the nobles of Israel he laid not his hand."?

Exodus 24 tells that 70 of the nobles of Israel and Nadab and Abihu (making 72) were invited by God to the mountain to "see him," They were selected for future service but were not "ordained" at that time.

6. Were the 70 (or actually 72 with Nadab and Abihu) ever actually "ordained" officially? If so where and how?

The record in Numbers 11 says that the 70 were enveloped in "Shekinah" glory when they were officially set apart to their work.

7. Who took Nadab and Abihu's place?

Eldad and Medad made the number 72. They were in the camp away from the tabernacle but the spirit of God came on them anyway and they were thus appointed.

8. Where is constitution and order of succession of the Sanhedrin recorded?

It is in "oral law." One of the sections of the Mishnah is Sanhedrin.

9. When was the last official meeting of the Sanhedrin that we know of in the O.T.? Where is the record of the meeting? What important decision was made there?

It was called the Great Synagogue at the time of Ezra. It is recorded only in oral tradition as it should be since it was governed by oral law. The decision of what books would be in the cannon of the Old Testament was made then and is still honored by all Jews and most Christians, all Christians honored it until the 16th century when the Roman church added books to the O.T.

10. In the trial of Jesus what indicates that the Sanhedrin acted on human impulse instead of divine authority?

They broke the oral laws since they did not follow their own laws they could not have been led by the Spirit of God.

11. Paul was instructed in the "perfect manner of the law of the fathers." Where was that law recorded?

Paul was instructed in the "oral law." None of it was written down at that time.

12. Did Paul keep the "oral law" after he was a Christian? Did James? Give an example.

Paul and James agreed to "go charges" to complete a vow that young Jewish Christians had taken. Oral law governed the manner of releasing the vow. Both James and Paul and the young Jewish Christians performed rites of the oral law.

13. What is the Mishnah? When was it collected? Who codified it and where?

The attempt to write down the oral law lest it be lost. A search of the national memory was made and every anecdote and statute, no matter how contradictory they might be, was copied and codified lest anything of true value should be lost. This was done under the direction of Judah the Patriarch at Tiberius after 180 C.E.

14. Describe the difference between Haggadah and Halakah.

Haggadah is what has been said and handed down but is not authoritative. Halakah is as authoritative as the written law of Moses.

15. What is the Talmud? Is the Talmud and the Mishnah Haggadah or Halakah?

The Talmud is a collection of volumes upon each of whose pages is centered a small portion of the Mishnah, Around the portion of Mishnah are copious comments which are meant to complete the Mishnah. Hebrew for completion is Gemara another name for Talmud. Talmud, therefore is commentary or enlargement of the Mishnah. The Mishnah is almost completely halakah while the Talmud is largely haggadah.

16. What does the author mean when he says the Mishnah contains "oral law" given on Sinai?

The Mishnah is not the complete "oral law" which was given on Sinai with authoritative traditions which would have been added with God's approval. But the Mishnah some portions which under the O.T. would have been the Word of God. The Mishnah also contains traditions of men. The Mishnah therefore contains some of the "word of God."

17. Have you ever seen a copy of the Mishnah?

Answerw will vary but they should be discussed.


 
Lesson Twenty two: Zechariah and Jewish Renewal To the Index

Will the Temple at Jerusalem be rebuilt and will the Jews accept Jesus as the Christ?

Chapters XXX & XXXI. Pages 213- 226

1. What was the name of the father of the Macabbee brothers? (See Glossary page 252.)

2. Why was the name of the dynasty set up by the Macabbean heirs called Hasmonian?

3. Who ended the Independence of the Hasmonian Jewish state? When?

4. Who was the last Hasmonian ruler of the Macabbean line?

5. 65 years after Titus destroyed the Temple who tried to restore an independent Jewish state and what was the result?

6. What part did Hadrian's rebuilding Jerusalem play in precipitating the rebellion of question 5. Who was the main religious leader who named and backed the rebel leader?

What was the leaders actual name?

7 According to Dio Cassius what happened to the Jews as a result of this rebellion?

8. What Roman emperor led the last attempt to rebuild the Temple? When? What happened?

9. Name the pagan historian who described the failure of this attempt to rebuild"

10. Name five Christian writers contemporary with the last attempt to rebuild the temple who recorded this history? Where can you read their writings? Are they easy to find?

11. What does the author feel the probable outcome would be of a modern attempt on the part of the Jewish state to rebuild the Temple?

12. In Mt 23:39 Jesus said the house of the Lord would be left desolate. What did he mean?

13. What is the meaning in Mt 23:39 of "you will not see me until you say blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord."

14. What aspect of the Messiah are Jews and others required to accept before the can "see" him?


Lesson Twenty Two - Zechariah and Jewish Renewal  - ANSWER SHEET

1. What was the name of the father of the Macabbee brothers? (See Glossary page 252.)

Matthius Hasmon

2. Why was the name of the dynasty set up by the Macabbean heirs called Hasmonian?

Because that was the surname or family name of the Macabbees.
3. Who ended the Independence of the Hasmonian Jewish state? When? Pompey conquered the Jews and entered the Temple and made Judea a Roman province in 66 B.C.E.

4. Who was the last Hasmonian ruler of the Macabbean line? (answer not in the text.)

Herod the Great's wife Mariamme whom he murdered.

5. 65 years after Titus destroyed the Temple who tried to restore an independent Jewish state and what was the result?

Bar Cochbah's rebellion resulted in a Jewish state that lasted more than 3 years. It was put down by Hadrian's general Severus in 135 and Bar Cochbah killed.

6. What part did Hadrian's rebuilding Jerusalem play in precipitating the rebellion of question 5. Who was the main religious leader who named and backed the rebel leader? What was the leader's actual name?

Jews were incited by the rebuilding of the city and the start at rebuilding the Temple to nationalistic fervor. Rabbi Akibah (or Akivah) backed Bar Kosiva whose name meant "son of a lie" and named him Bar Cochbah or "son of a star"

7 According to Dio Cassius what happened to the Jews as a result of this rebellion?

540,000 Jews died, 900 villages burned and the slave markets glutted and Jews were deported and forbidden to live in Judea..

8. What Roman emperor led the last attempt to rebuild the Temple? When? What happened?

Julian the Apostate in 363 Explosions kept breaking out on the mount and killing the workmen. Julian died in battle in Persia after he heard that and said "O Galilean, you have conquered.".

9. Name the pagan historian who described the failure of this attempt to rebuild"

Ammianus Marcellinus

10. Name five Christian writers contemporary with the last attempt to rebuild the temple who recorded this history? Where can you read their writings? Are they easy to find?

Chrysostom, Theodoret, Socrates, Sozoman, Gregory Nazianzen. They can easily be found and read in the collection of Ante-Nicean Fathers.

11. What does the author feel the probable outcome would be of a modern attempt on the part of the Jewish state to rebuild the Temple?

Loss of statehood and a bloodbath.

12. In Mt 23:39 Jesus said the house of the Lord would be left desolate. What did he mean?

He meant that the presence of God would no longer dwell in the Temple after his death.

13. What is the meaning in Mt 23:39 of "you will not see me until you say blessed is he that comes in the name of the Lord."

It means that the Jew will not recognize who Jesus is until they see his first coming as a Messianic visit.

14. What aspect of the Messiah are Jews and others required to accept before the can "see" him?

They must accept the humble not the majestic.


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