Arachosia (Old-Persian: Harauvatiš): satrapy of the Persian empire (Kandahar in modern Afhanistan) along the river Tarnak. During the troubles after the death of the Persian king Cambyses in 522 BC, it sided with the pretender Vahyazdâta, but its satrap Vivâna stood his ground and secured the loyalty of the region to the new king Darius. The satrapy remained part of the Persian empire -perhaps under the satrap of Drangiana- until the Persian monarchy was liquidated by the Macedonian king Alexander the Great, who visited Arachosia in March 329 BC. Afterwards, the capital of Arachosia was called Alexandria; its modern name is Kandahar.
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