Elam (Uvajiya): satrapy of the ancient Persian empire, in the south-west of modern Iran; capital Susa. Also known as Uxia and Susiana. Although it revolted once against the Persians (in 522 under ššina and Martiya; the next year under Atamaita), it was essentially a loyal part of the empire. The Elamite language remained in use in the imperial chancellery.