One of the generals of king Cyrus, who played an important role in the Persian capture of Babylon in October 539 BC. According to the so-called Chronicle of Nabonidus, he was governor of Gutium and the first to enter the defeated city, and appointed several officials. He died on March 4, 538.
One of the seven conspirators who killed the MagianGaumâta and helped Darius become king (September 522 BC). As he reward for his help, he was appointed Darius' lance carrier; in this way, he is represented on the Behistun inscription and commemorated near Darius tomb in Naqsh-i-Rustam. In the autumn of 521, Gobryas was sent to Elam, where he defeated the rebel king Atamaita; after this, he served as satrap of Elam. According to the Greek researcher Herodotus, he also took part in Darius' catastrophic campaign against the European Scythians, which may have taken place in 514.