Hyrcana (Varkâna): satrapy of the ancient Persian empire, on the southern shores of the Caspian Sea. In 522/521 it revolted against the Persians, joining the Median rebel king Phraortes. The Persian satrap of neigboring Parthia, Hystaspes, the father of the new Persian king Darius, defeated the rebels near the Parthian town Patigrabana (July 11), which meant the end of the revolt.
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