1st. SAMUEL


CHAPTERS  [1]  [2]  [3]  [4]  [5]  [6]  [7]  [8]  [9]  [10]  [11]  [12]  [13]  [14]  [15]  [16]  [17]  [18]  [19]  [20]  [21]  [22]  [23]  [24]  [25]  [26]  [27]  [28]  [29]  [30]  [31]

Chapter 1

1Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of Mount Ephraim and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite 2And he had two wives, the name of one was Hannah and the name of the other Peninnah and Peninnah had children but Hannah had no children. 3And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice to the LORD of hosts in Shiloh and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, the priests of the LORD, were there. 4And when the time came that Elkanah offered, he gave portions to Peninnah his wife and to all her sons and her daughters, 5But to Hannah he gave a worthy portion for he loved Hannah but the LORD had shut up her womb. 6And her adversary also provoked her sore so to make her fret because the LORD had shut up her womb. 7And as he did so year by year, when she went up to the house of the LORD, so she provoked her. Therefore she wept and did not eat. 8Then Elkanah her husband said to her, Hannah, why do you weep? and why don't you eat? and why is your heart grieved? am not I better to you than ten sons?

9So Hannah rose up after they had eaten in Shiloh and after they had drunk. Now Eli the priest sat on a seat by a post of the temple of the LORD. 10And she was in bitterness of soul and prayed to the LORD and wept sore 11And she vowed a vow and said, O LORD of hosts, if you will indeed look on the affliction of your handmaid and remember me and do not forget your handmaid but will give a man child to your handmaid, then I will give him to the LORD all the days of his life and no razor shall come on his head. 12And as she continued praying before the LORD, Eli marked her mouth. 13Now Hannah spoke in her heart, only her lips moved but her voice was not heard. Therefore Eli thought she was drunk. 14And Eli said to her, How long will you be drunk? put away your wine from you. 15And Hannah answered and said, No, my lord, I am a woman of a sorrowful spirit, I have drunk neither wine nor strong drink but have poured out my soul before the LORD. 16Do not count your handmaid for a daughter of Belial for out of the abundance of my complaint and grief I have spoken this. 17Then Eli answered and said, Go in peace and the God of Israel grant you your petition that you have asked of him. 18And she said, Let your handmaid find grace in your sight. So the woman went her way and ate and her countenance was not sad anymore.

19And they rose up early in the morning and worshiped before the LORD and returned and came to their house in Ramah and Elkanah knew Hannah his wife and the LORD remembered her. 20So when the time came after Hannah had conceived she bore a son and called his name Samuel, saying, Because I have asked him of the LORD. 21And the man Elkanah and all his house, went up to offer to the LORD the yearly sacrifice and his vow. 22But Hannah did not go up for she said to her husband, I will not go up until the child is weaned and then I will bring him so that he may appear before the LORD and there abide for ever. 23And Elkanah her husband said to her, Do what seems good to you, wait until you have weaned him, only let the LORD establish his word. So the woman abode and gave her son suck until she weaned him. 24And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, with three bullocks and one ephah of flour and a bottle of wine and brought him to the house of the LORD in Shiloh and the child was young. 25And they killed a bullock and brought the child to Eli. 26And she said, Oh my lord, as your soul lives, my lord, I am the woman who stood by you here, praying to the LORD. 27 I prayed for this child and the LORD has given me my petition which I asked of him. 28Therefore I have also lent him to the LORD, as long as he lives he shall be lent to the LORD and she worshiped the LORD there.

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Chapter 2

1And Hannah prayed and said, My heart rejoices in the LORD, my horn is exalted in the LORD, my mouth is enlarged over my enemies because I rejoice in your salvation. 2There is no one holy as the LORD for there is no one beside you nor is there any rock like our God. 3Talk no more so exceedingly proud. Do not let arrogance come out of your mouth for the LORD is a God of knowledge and by him actions are weighed. 4The bows of the mighty men are broken and those who stumbled are girded with strength. 5Those who were full have hired out themselves for bread and those who were hungry ceased so that the barren has born seven and she who has many children grew feeble. 6The LORD kills and makes alive. He brings down to the grave and brings up. 7The LORD makes poor and makes rich, he brings low and lifts up. 8He raises up the poor out of the dust and lifts up the beggar from the dunghill, to set them among princes and to make them inherit the throne of glory for the pillars of the earth are the LORD'S and he has set the world on them. 9He will keep the feet of his saints and the wicked shall be silent in darkness for no man shall prevail by strength. 10The adversaries of the LORD shall be broken to pieces. He shall thunder on them out of heaven, the LORD shall judge the ends of the earth and he shall give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed.

11And Elkanah went to Ramah to his house. And the child ministered to the LORD before Eli the priest. 12Now the sons of Eli were sons of Belial, they did not know the LORD. 13And the priests' custom with the people was, that, when any man offered sacrifice, the priest's servant came, while the flesh was in seething, with a flesh hook of three teeth in his hand, 14And he struck it into the pan or kettle or caldron or pot, all that the flesh hook brought up the priest took for himself. So they did in Shiloh to all the Israelites who came there. 15Also before they burnt the fat, the priest's servant came and said to the man who sacrificed, Give flesh to roast for the priest, for he will not have sodden flesh from you but raw. 16And if any man said to him, Let them not fail to burn the fat presently and then take as much as your soul desires, then he would answer him, No but you shall give it to me now and if not, I will take it by force. 17Therefore the sin of the young men was very great before the LORD for men abhorred the offering of the LORD. 18But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod. 19Also his mother made him a little coat and brought it to him from year to year, when she came up with her husband to offer the yearly sacrifice. 20And Eli blessed Elkanah and his wife and said, The LORD give you seed of this woman for the loan which is lent to the LORD. And they went to their own home. 21And the LORD visited Hannah so that she conceived and bore three sons and two daughters and the child Samuel grew before the LORD. 22Now Eli was very old and heard all that his sons did to all Israel and how they lay with the women who assembled at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. 23And he said to them, Why do you do such things? for I hear of your evil dealings from all the people. 24No, my sons, for it is not a good report that I hear, You make the LORD'S people to transgress. 25If one man sins against another, the judge shall judge him but if a man sins against the LORD, who shall entreat for him? But they did not listen to the voice of their father because the LORD would kill them. 26And the child Samuel grew on and was in favor both with the LORD and also with men.

27And a man of God came to Eli and said to him, Thus says the LORD, Did I plainly appear to the house of your father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh's house? 28And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be my priest, to offer on my altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before me? and did I give to the house of your father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel? 29Why do you kick at my sacrifice and at my offering, which I have commanded in my habitation and honor your sons above me, to make yourselves fat with the first of all the offerings of my people Israel? 30Therefore the LORD God of Israel says, I said indeed that your house and the house of your father, should walk before me forever but now the LORD says, Be it far from me for those who honor me I will honor and those who despise me shall be lightly esteemed. 31Behold, the days come, that I will cut off your arm and the arm of your father's house so that there shall not be an old man in your house. 32And you shall see an enemy in my habitation, in all the wealth which God shall give Israel and there shall not be an old man in your house for ever. 33And the man of yours, whom I shall not cut off from my altar shall be to consume your eyes and to grieve your heart and all the increase of your house shall die in the flower of their age. 34And this shall be a sign to you, that shall come on your two sons, on Hophni and Phinehas, they shall die in one day both of them. 35And I will raise me up a faithful priest, who shall do according to that which is in my heart and in my mind and I will build him a sure house and he shall walk before my anointed for ever. 36And every one who is left in your house shall come and crouch to him for a piece of silver and a morsel of bread and shall say, I beseech you, put me into one of the priests' offices do that I may eat a piece of bread.

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Chapter 3

1And the child Samuel ministered to the LORD before Eli. And the word of the LORD was precious in those days, there was no open vision. 2At that time, when Eli had laid down in his place and his eyes began to grow dim so that he could not see, 3And as the lamp of God went out in the temple of the LORD, where the ark of God was and Samuel had laid down to sleep, 4The LORD called Samuel and he answered, Here I am. 5And he ran to Eli and said, Here I am, for you called me. And he said, I did not call, lie down again and he went and lay down. 6And the LORD called yet again, Samuel and Samuel arose and went to Eli and said, Here I am, for you called me and he answered, I did not call, my son, lie down again. 7Now Samuel did not know the LORD yet nor was the word of the LORD revealed to him yet. 8And the LORD called Samuel again the third time and he arose and went to Eli and said, Here I am, for you called me. And Eli perceived that the LORD had called the child. 9Therefore Eli said to Samuel, Go, lie down and it shall be, if he calls you that you shall say, Speak, LORD for your servant hears. So Samuel went and lay down in his place. 10And the LORD came and stood and called as at other times, Samuel, Samuel. Then Samuel answered, Speak, for your servant hears.

11And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one who hears it shall tingle. 12In that day I will perform against Eli all things which I have spoken concerning his house. When I begin, I will also make an end. 13For I have told him that I will judge his house forever for the iniquity which he knows because his sons made themselves vile and he did not restrain them. 14And therefore I have sworn to the house of Eli, that the iniquity of Eli's house shall not be purged with sacrifice nor offering for ever. 15And Samuel lay until the morning and opened the doors of the house of the LORD and Samuel feared to show Eli the vision. 16Then Eli called Samuel and said, Samuel my son. And he answered, Here I am. 17And he said, What is the thing that the LORD has said to you? I beseech you do not hide it from me. God do so to you and more also if you hide any thing from me of all the things that he said to you. 18And Samuel told him every bit and hid nothing from him and he said, It is the LORD. Let him do what seems good to him.

19And Samuel grew and the LORD was with him and let none of his words fall to the ground. 20And all Israel from Dan even to Beersheba knew that Samuel was established to be a prophet of the LORD. 21And the LORD appeared again in Shiloh for the LORD revealed himself to Samuel in Shiloh by the word of the LORD.

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Chapter 4

1And the word of Samuel came to all Israel. Now Israel went out to battle against the Philistines and pitched beside Ebenezer (Rock of Help) and the Philistines pitched in Aphek. 2And the Philistines put themselves in array against Israel and when they joined the battle, Israel was struck before the Philistines and they killed about four thousand men from the army in the field. 3And when the people had come into the camp, the elders of Israel said, Why has the LORD struck us today before the Philistines? Let us bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD to us out of Shiloh so that when it comes among us, it may save us out of the hand of our enemies. 4So the people sent to Shiloh so that they might bring the ark of the covenant of the LORD of hosts, who dwells between the cherubim, from there. And the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were there with the ark of the covenant of God. 5And when the ark of the covenant of the LORD came into the camp, all Israel shouted with a great shout so that the earth rang again. 6And when the Philistines heard the noise of the shout, they said, What does the noise of this great shout mean in the camp of the Hebrews? And they understood that the ark of the LORD had come into the camp. 7And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, God is come into the camp. And they said, Woe to us! for there has not been such a thing before. 8Woe to us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods who struck the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. 9Be strong and quit yourselves like men, O you Philistines so that you do not become servants to the Hebrews, as they have been to you, quit yourselves like men and fight.

10And the Philistines fought and Israel was struck and they fled every man to his tent and there was a very great slaughter for thirty thousand footmen of Israel fell. 11And the ark of God was taken and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were killed.

12And a man of Benjamin ran out of the army and came to Shiloh the same day with his clothes torn and with earth on his head. 13And when he came, lo, Eli sat on a seat by the wayside watching for his heart trembled for the ark of God and when the man came into the city and told it, all the city cried out. 14And when Eli heard the noise of the crying, he said, What does the noise of this tumult mean? And the man came in and told Eli. 15Now Eli was ninety eight years old and his eyes were dim so that he could not see. 16And the man said to Eli, I am he who came out of the army and I fled today out of the army and he said, What is done there, my son? 17And the messenger answered and said, Israel has fled before the Philistines and there has also been a great slaughter among the people and also your two sons, Hophni and Phinehas, are dead and the ark of God is taken. 18And when he mentioned the ark of God, Eli fell backward off the seat by the side of the gate and his neck broke and he died for he was an old man and heavy and he had judged Israel forty years.

19And his daughter in law, Phinehas' wife, was with child, about to be delivered and when she heard the news that the ark of God was taken and that her father in law and her husband were dead, she bowed herself and travailed for her pains came on her. 20And about the time of her death the women who stood by her said to her, Fear not for you have born a son. But she did not answer nor did she regard it. 21And she named the child Ichabod, saying, The glory has departed from Israel because the ark of God was taken and because of her father in law and her husband. 22And she said, The glory is departed from Israel for the ark of God is taken.

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Chapter 5

1And the Philistines took the ark of God and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod. 2When the Philistines took the ark of God, they brought it into the house of Dagon and set it by Dagon. 3And when those of Ashdod arose early on the morrow, behold, Dagon had fallen on his face to the earth before the ark of the LORD and they took Dagon and set him in his place again. 4And when they arose early on the next morning, behold, Dagon had fallen on his face to the ground before the ark of the LORD and the head of Dagon and both the palms of his hands were cut off on the threshold, only the stump of Dagon was left to him. 5Therefore neither the priests of Dagon nor any who come into Dagon's house, tread on the threshold of Dagon in Ashdod to this day.

6But the hand of the LORD was heavy on those of Ashdod and he destroyed them and struck them with hemorrhoids, even Ashdod and its coasts. 7And when the men of Ashdod saw that it was so, they said, The ark of the God of Israel shall not stay with us for his hand is sore on us and on Dagon our god. 8Therefore they sent and gathered all the lords of the Philistines to them and said, What shall we do with the ark of the God of Israel? And they answered, Let the ark of the God of Israel be carried about to Gath and they carried the ark of the God of Israel about there. 9And after they had carried it about, the hand of the LORD was against the city with a very great destruction and he struck the men of the city, both small and great and they had hemorrhoids in their secret parts. 10Therefore they sent the ark of God to Ekron and as the ark of God came to Ekron, the Ekronites cried out, saying, They have brought about the ark of the God of Israel to us, to kill us and our people. 11So they sent and gathered together all the lords of the Philistines and said, Send away the ark of the God of Israel and let it go again to its own place so that it does not kill us and our people for there was a deadly destruction throughout all the city. The hand of God was very heavy there 12And the men who did not die were struck with hemorrhoids and the cry of the city went up to heaven.

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Chapter 6

1And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 2And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of the LORD? Tell us how we shall send it to its place. 3And they said, If you send away the ark of the God of Israel, do not send it empty but in some way return him a trespass offering, then you shall be healed and it shall be known to you why his hand is not removed from you. 4Then they said, What shall the trespass offering be which we shall return to him? They answered, Five golden hemorrhoids and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines for one plague was on you all and on your lords. 5Therefore you shall make images of your hemorrhoids and images of your mice that mar the land and you shall give glory to the God of Israel. Perhaps he will lighten his hand from you and from your gods and from your land. 6Why then do you harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when he had worked wonderfully among them. Did they not let the people go and they departed? 7Now therefore make a new cart and take two milk cows on which no yoke has come and tie the cows to the cart and bring their calves home from them 8And take the ark of the LORD and lay it on the cart and put the jewels of gold, which you will return to him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by its side and send it away so that it may go. 9And see, if it goes up by the way of its own coast to Bethshemesh, then he has done us this great evil but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that struck us. It was a chance that happened to us.

10And the men did so and took two milk cows and tied them to the cart and shut up their calves at home 11And they laid the ark of the LORD on the cart and the coffer with the mice of gold and the images of their hemorrhoids 12And the cows took the straight way to the way of Bethshemesh and went along the highway, lowing as they went and did not turn aside to the right hand or to the left and the lords of the Philistines went after them to the border of Bethshemesh. 13And those of Bethshemesh were reaping their wheat harvest in the valley and they lifted up their eyes and saw the ark and rejoiced to see it. 14And the cart came into the field of Joshua, a Bethshemite and stood there where there was a great stone and they split the wood of the cart and offered the cows for a burnt offering to the LORD. 15And the Levites took down the ark of the LORD and the coffer that was with it, in which the jewels of gold were and put them on the great stone and the men of Bethshemesh offered burnt offerings and sacrificed sacrifices the same day to the LORD. 16And when the five lords of the Philistines had seen it, they returned to Ekron the same day. 17And these are the golden hemorrhoids which the Philistines returned for a trespass offering to the LORD, one for Ashdod, one for Gaza, one for Askelon, one for Gath, one for Ekron, 18And the golden mice, according to the number of all the cities of the Philistines belonging to the five lords, both of fenced cities and of country villages, even to the great stone of Abel, on which they set down the ark of the LORD, which stone remains to this day in the field of Joshua, the Bethshemite.

19And he struck the men of Bethshemesh, because they had looked into the ark of the LORD. He struck even fifty thousand seventy men of the people and the people lamented because the LORD had struck many of the people with a great slaughter. 20And the men of Bethshemesh said, Who is able to stand before this holy LORD God and to whom shall he go up from us? 21And they sent messengers to the inhabitants of Kirjathjearim, saying, The Philistines have brought again the ark of the LORD, come down and bring it up to you.

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Chapter 7

1And the men of Kirjathjearim came and brought up the ark of the LORD and brought it into the house of Abinadab in the hill and sanctified Eleazar his son to keep the ark of the LORD 2And the time was long while the ark abode in Kirjathjearim for it was twenty years and all the house of Israel lamented after the LORD.

3And Samuel spoke to all the house of Israel, saying, If you return to the LORD with all your hearts, then put away the foreign gods and Ashtaroth from among you and prepare your hearts for the LORD and serve only him and he will deliver you out of the hand of the Philistines. 4Then the children of Israel put away Baalim and Ashtaroth and only served the LORD 5And Samuel said, Gather all Israel to Mizpeh and I will pray to the LORD for you. 6And they gathered together to Mizpeh and drew water and poured it out before the LORD and fasted on that day and said there, We have sinned against the LORD and Samuel judged the children of Israel in Mizpeh.

7And when the Philistines heard that the children of Israel were gathered together at Mizpeh, the lords of the Philistines went up against Israel and when the children of Israel heard it, they were afraid of the Philistines 8And the children of Israel said to Samuel, Do not cease to cry to the LORD our God for us so that he will save us out of the hand of the Philistines. 9And Samuel took a sucking lamb and offered it for a burnt offering wholly to the LORD and Samuel cried to the LORD for Israel and the LORD heard him. 10And as Samuel was offering up the burnt offering, the Philistines drew near to battle against Israel but the LORD thundered with a great thunder on that day on the Philistines and confused them and they were struck before Israel. 11And the men of Israel went out of Mizpeh and pursued the Philistines and struck them, until they came under Bethcar. 12Then Samuel took a stone and set it between Mizpeh and Shen and called the name of it Ebenezer or Rock of Help, saying, Previously has the LORD helped us.

13So the Philistines were subdued and they did not come into the coast of Israel anymore and the hand of the LORD was against the Philistines all the days of Samuel. 14And the cities which the Philistines had taken from Israel were restored to Israel, from Ekron even to Gath and Israel delivered its borders out of the hands of the Philistines and there was peace between Israel and the Amorites. 15And Samuel judged Israel all the days of his life. 16And he went from year to year in circuit to Bethel and Gilgal and Mizpeh and judged Israel in all those places. 17And his return was to Ramah for his house was there and there he judged Israel and there he built an altar to the LORD.

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Chapter 8

1And when Samuel was old, he made his sons judges over Israel. 2Now the name of his firstborn was Joel and the name of his second, Abiah. They were judges in Beersheba 3And his sons did not walk in his ways but turned aside after lucre and took bribes and perverted judgment.

4Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together and came to Samuel in Ramah 5And said to him, Behold, you are old and your sons do not walk in your ways. Now make a king for us to judge us like all the nations. 6But the thing displeased Samuel, when they said, Give us a king to judge us. And Samuel prayed to the LORD. 7And the LORD said to Samuel, Listen to the voice of the people in all that they say to you for they have not rejected you but they have rejected me so that I should not reign over them. 8According to all the works which they have done with which they have forsaken me and served other gods, since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even to this day, they do so to you also. 9Now therefore listen to their voice but yet protest solemnly to them and show them the manner of the king who shall reign over them. 10And Samuel told all the words of the LORD to the people who asked a king of him. 11And he said, This will be the manner of the king who shall reign over you. He will take your sons and appoint them for himself for his chariots and to be his horsemen and some shall run before his chariots 12And he will appoint captains over thousands and captains over fifties and will set them to ear his ground and to reap his harvest and to make his instruments of war and instruments of his chariots. 13And he will take your daughters to be confectionaries and to be cooks and to be bakers 14And he will take your fields and your vineyards and your olive yards, even the best of them and give them to his servants. 15And he will take the tenth of your seed and of your vineyards and give to his officers and to his servants. 16And he will take your menservants and your maidservants and your goodliest young men and your asses and put them to his work. 17He will take the tenth of your sheep and you shall be his servants. 18And you shall cry out in that day because of your king whom you shall have chosen for you and the LORD will not hear you in that day. 19But the people refused to obey the voice of Samuel and they said, No but we will have a king over us, 20So that we may also be like all the nations and that our king may judge us and go out before us and fight our battles. 21And Samuel heard all the words of the people and he rehearsed them in the ears of the LORD 22And the LORD said to Samuel, Listen to their voice and make a king for them and Samuel said to the men of Israel, Every man go to his city.

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Chapter 9

1Now there was a man of Benjamin, whose name was Kish, the son of Abiel, the son of Zeror, the son of Bechorath, the son of Aphiah, a Benjamite, a mighty man of power. 2And he had a son, whose name was Saul, a choice and a goodly young man and there was not a better person than he among the children of Israel. He was higher than any of the people from his shoulders and upward.

3And the asses of Kish Saul's father were lost and Kish said to Saul his son, Take now one of the servants with you and arise, go seek the asses. 4And he passed through Mount Ephraim and passed through the land of Shalisha but they did not find them, then they passed through the land of Shalim and they were not there and he passed through the land of the Benjamites but they did not find them. 5And when they were come to the land of Zuph, Saul said to his servant who was with him, Come and let us return, lest my father leaves caring for the asses and takes thought for us. 6And he said to him, Behold now, there is in this city a man of God and he is an honorable man. All that he says surely comes to pass. Now let us go there, perhaps he can show us our way that we should go. 7Then Saul said to his servant but, behold, if we go, what shall we bring the man? for the bread is spent in our vessels and there is not a present to bring to the man of God. What do we have? 8And the servant answered Saul again and said, Behold, I have here at hand the fourth part of a shekel of silver. I will give that to the man of God, to tell us our way. 9(Previously in Israel, when a man went to enquire of God, he spoke thus, Come and let us go to the seer for he who is now called a Prophet was previously called a Seer.) 10Then Saul said to his servant, Well said, come, let us go. So they went to the city where the man of God was.

11And as they went up the hill to the city, they found young maidens going out to draw water and said to them, Is the seer here? 12And they answered them and said, He is, behold, he is before you, hurry now, for he came to the city today for there is a sacrifice of the people today in the high place. 13As soon as you have come into the city, immediately you shall find him, before he goes up to the high place to eat for the people will not eat until he comes because he blesses the sacrifice and afterward those who are invited eat. Now therefore go up for about this time you shall find him. 14And they went up into the city and when they had come into the city, behold, Samuel came out before them, to go up to the high place. 15Now the LORD had told Samuel in his ear a day before Saul came, saying, 16Tomorrow about this time I will send you a man out of the land of Benjamin and you shall anoint him to be captain over my people Israel so that he may save my people out of the hand of the Philistines for I have looked on my people because their cry has come to me. 17And when Samuel saw Saul, the LORD said to him, Behold the man whom I spoke of to you, the same shall reign over my people.

18Then Saul drew near to Samuel in the gate and said, Tell me, I beseech you, where the seer's house is. 19And Samuel answered Saul and said, I am the seer. Go up before me to the high place for you shall eat with me today and tomorrow I will let you go and will tell you all that is in your heart. 20And as for your asses that were lost three days ago, do not set your mind on them for they are found and on whom is all the desire of Israel? Is it not on you and on all your father's house? 21And Saul answered and said, Am I not a Benjamite, of the smallest of the tribes of Israel and my family the least of all the families of the tribe of Benjamin, why then do you speak so to me? 22And Samuel took Saul and his servant and brought them into the parlor and made them sit in the chief place among those who were invited, who were about thirty persons. 23And Samuel said to the cook, Bring the portion which I gave you, of which I said to you, Set it by you. 24And the cook took up the shoulder and that which was on it and set it before Saul. And Samuel said, Behold that which is left! set it before you and eat for to this time it has been kept for you since I spoke and invited the people. So Saul ate with Samuel that day. 25And when they had come down from the high place into the city, Samuel communed with Saul on the top of the house. 26And they arose early and it was about the spring of the day that Samuel called Saul to the top of the house, saying, Rise, so that I may send you away. And Saul arose and they went out abroad, he and Samuel, both of them. 27And as they were going down to the end of the city, Samuel said to Saul, Ask the servant to pass on before us and he passed on but you stand still a while, that I may show you the word of God.

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Chapter 10

1Then Samuel took a vial of oil and poured it on his head and kissed him and said, Is it not because the LORD has anointed you to be captain over his inheritance? 2When you have departed from me today, then you shall find two men by Rachel's sepulcher in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah and they will say to you, The asses which you went to seek are found and, lo, your father has left the care of the asses and sorrows for you, saying, What shall I do for my son? 3Then you shall go on forward from there and you shall come to the plain of Tabor and there three men shall meet you going up to God to Bethel, one carrying three kids and another carrying three loaves of bread and another carrying a bottle of wine 4And they will salute you and give you two loaves of bread, which you shall receive from their hands. 5After that you shall come to the hill of God, where the garrison of the Philistines is and it shall be when you have come there to the city, that you shall meet a company of prophets coming down from the high place with a psaltery and a tabret and a pipe and a harp, before them and they shall prophesy. 6And the Spirit of the LORD will come on you and you shall prophesy with them and be turned into another man. 7And let it be, when these signs have come to you, that you do as the occasion serves you for God is with you 8And you shall go down before me to Gilgal and, behold, I will come down to you to offer burnt offerings and to sacrifice sacrifices of peace offerings. You shall wait seven days, till I come to you and show you what you shall do.

9And when he had turned his back to go from Samuel, God gave him another heart and all those signs happened that day. 10And when they came there to the hill, behold, a company of prophets met him and the Spirit of God came on him and he prophesied among them. 11And behold, when all who knew him previously saw that he prophesied among the prophets, then the people said to one another, What is this that has come to the son of Kish? Is Saul also among the prophets? 12And one from the same place answered and said But who is their father? Therefore it became a proverb, Is Saul also among the prophets? 13And when he had finished prophesying, he came to the high place. 14And Saul's uncle said to him and his servant, Where did you go? And he said, To seek the asses and when we saw them no where, we came to Samuel. 15And Saul's uncle said, Tell me, I beseech you, what Samuel said to you. 16And Saul said to his uncle, He told us plainly that the asses were found. But he did not tell him of the matter of the kingdom of which Samuel spoke.

17And Samuel called the people together to the LORD to Mizpeh 18And said to the children of Israel, Thus says the LORD God of Israel, I brought up Israel out of Egypt and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians and out of the hand of all kingdoms and of those who oppressed you 19And you have this day rejected your God, who himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations and you have said to him, No but set a king over us. Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes and by your thousands. 20And when Samuel had caused all the tribes of Israel to come near, the tribe of Benjamin was taken. 21When he had caused the tribe of Benjamin to come near by their families, the family of Matri was taken and Saul the son of Kish was taken and when they sought him, he could not be found. 22Therefore they enquired of the LORD further, if the man should yet come there and the LORD answered, Behold, he has hidden himself among the stuff. 23And they ran and brought him there and when he stood among the people, he was higher than any of the people from his shoulders upward. 24And Samuel said to all the people, do you see him whom the LORD has chosen, that there is no one like him among all the people? And all the people shouted and said, God save the king. 25Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom and wrote it in a book and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. 26And Saul also went home to Gibeah and a band of men went with him there, whose hearts God had touched. 27But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him and brought him no presents. But he held his peace.

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Chapter 11

1Then Nahash the Ammonite came up and camped against Jabeshgilead and all the men of Jabesh said to Nahash, Make a covenant with us and we will serve you. 2And Nahash the Ammonite answered them, On this condition I will make a covenant with you, that I may thrust out all your right eyes and lay it for a reproach on all Israel. 3And the elders of Jabesh said to him, Give us seven days' respite, that we may send messengers to all the coasts of Israel and then, if there is no man to save us, we will come out to you. 4Then the messengers came to Gibeah of Saul and told the news in the ears of the people and all the people lifted up their voices and wept.

5And, behold, Saul came after the herd out of the field and Saul said, What ails the people that they weep? And they told him the news of the men of Jabesh. 6And the Spirit of God came on Saul when he heard the news and his anger was kindled greatly. 7And he took a yoke of oxen and hewed them in pieces and sent them throughout all the coasts of Israel by the hands of messengers, saying, Whoever does not come out after Saul and after Samuel, so shall it be done to his oxen. And the fear of the LORD fell on the people and they came out with one consent. 8And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand and the men of Judah thirty thousand. 9And they said to the messengers who came, Thus shall you say to the men of Jabeshgilead, Tomorrow, by the time the sun is hot, you shall have help. And the messengers came and showed it to the men of Jabesh and they were glad. 10Therefore the men of Jabesh said, Tomorrow we will come out to you and you shall do with us all that seems good to you. 11And in the morning Saul put the people in three companies and they came into the midst of the host in the morning watch and killed the Ammonites until the heat of the day and those who remained were scattered so that two of them were not left together.

12And the people said to Samuel, Who is he who said, Shall Saul reign over us? bring the men, that we may put them to death. 13And Saul said, There shall not be a man put to death this day for today the LORD has worked salvation in Israel. 14Then Samuel said to the people, Come and let us go to Gilgal and renew the kingdom there. 15And all the people went to Gilgal and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

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Chapter 12

1And Samuel said to all Israel, Behold, I have listened to your voice in all that you said to me and have made a king over you. 2And now, behold, the king walks before you and I am old and gray-headed and, behold, my sons are with you and I have walked before you from my childhood to this day. 3Behold, here I am. Witness against me before the LORD and before his anointed. Whose ox have I taken or whose ass have I taken or whom have I defrauded? Whom have I oppressed or of whose hand have I received any bribe to blind my eyes with? and I will restore it to you. 4And they said, You have not defrauded us nor oppressed us nor have you taken anything of any man's hand. 5And he said to them, The LORD is witness against you and his anointed is witness this day, that you have not found anything in my hand. And they answered, He is witness.

6And Samuel said to the people, It is the LORD who advanced Moses and Aaron and who brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. 7Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which he did to you and to your fathers. 8When Jacob had come into Egypt and your fathers cried to the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, who brought your fathers out of Egypt and made them dwell in this place. 9And when they forgot the LORD their God, he sold them into the hand of Sisera, captain of the host of Hazor and into the hand of the Philistines and into the hand of the king of Moab and they fought against them. 10And they cried to the LORD and said, We have sinned because we have forsaken the LORD and have served Baalim and Ashtaroth but now deliver us out of the hand of our enemies and we will serve you. 11And the LORD sent Jerubbaal and Bedan and Jephthah and Samuel and delivered you out of the hand of your enemies on every side and you dwelled safely. 12And when you saw that Nahash the king of the children of Ammon came against you, you said to me, No but a king shall reign over us, when the LORD your God was your king. 13Now therefore behold the king whom you have chosen and whom you have desired! and, behold, the LORD has set a king over you. 14If you will fear the LORD and serve him and obey his voice and do not rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then both you and also the king who reigns over you shall continue following the LORD your God 15But if you will not obey the voice of the LORD but rebel against the commandment of the LORD, then the hand of the LORD be shall against you, as it was against your fathers.

16Now therefore stand and see this great thing, which the LORD will do before your eyes. 17Is it not wheat harvest today? I will call to the LORD and he shall send thunder and rain, that you may perceive and see that your wickedness is great, which you have done in the sight of the LORD, in asking for a king. 18So Samuel called to the LORD and the LORD sent thunder and rain that day and all the people greatly feared the LORD and Samuel. 19And all the people said to Samuel, Pray for your servants to the LORD your God so that we do not die for we have added to all our sins this evil, to ask a king for us. 20And Samuel said to the people, Fear not. You have done all this wickedness, yet do not turn aside from following the LORD but serve the LORD with all your heart 21And do not turn aside for then you would go after vain things, which cannot profit nor deliver because they are vain. 22For the LORD will not forsake his people for his great name's sake because it has pleased the LORD to make you his people. 23Also as for me, God forbid that I should sin against the LORD in ceasing to pray for you but I will teach you the good and the right way. 24Only fear the LORD and serve him in truth with all your hearts for consider how great things he has done for you. 25But if you shall still do wickedly, you shall be consumed, both you and your king.

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Chapter 13

1Saul reigned one year and when he had reigned two years over Israel 2Saul chose three thousand men of Israel, of whom two thousand were with Saul in Michmash and in Mount Bethel and a thousand were with Jonathan in Gibeah of Benjamin and the rest of the people he sent every man to his tent. 3And Jonathan struck the garrison of the Philistines that was in Geba and the Philistines heard of it and Saul blew the trumpet throughout all the land, saying, Let the Hebrews hear. 4And all Israel heard it said that Saul had struck a garrison of the Philistines and also Israel was held in abomination by the Philistines. And the people were called together after Saul to Gilgal 5And the Philistines gathered themselves together to fight with Israel, thirty thousand chariots and six thousand horsemen and people as the sand which is on the sea shore in multitude and they came up and pitched in Michmash eastward from Bethaven. 6When the men of Israel saw that they were in a strait, (for the people were distressed,) then the people hid themselves in caves and in thickets and in rocks and in high places and in pits 7And some of the Hebrews went over the Jordan to the land of Gad and Gilead. As for Saul, he was yet in Gilgal and all the people followed him trembling.

8And he waited seven days, according to the set time that Samuel had appointed but Samuel did not come to Gilgal and the people were scattered from him. 9And Saul said, Bring here a burnt offering to me and peace offerings and he offered the burnt offering. 10And behold, as soon as he had finished offering the burnt offering Samuel came and Saul went out to meet him so that he might salute him 11And Samuel said, What have you done? And Saul said, Because I saw that the people were scattered from me and that you did not come within the days appointed and that the Philistines gathered themselves together at Michmash, 12Therefore I said, The Philistines will come down now on me to Gilgal and I have not made supplication to the LORD. I forced myself therefore and offered a burnt offering. 13And Samuel said to Saul, You have done foolishly. You have not kept the commandment of the LORD your God, which he commanded you for now the LORD would have established your kingdom upon Israel for ever. 14But now your kingdom shall not continue. The LORD has sought a man after his own heart for him and the LORD has commanded him to be captain over his people because you have not kept that which the LORD commanded you.

15And Samuel arose and went up from Gilgal to Gibeah of Benjamin and Saul numbered the people who were present with him, about six hundred men. 16And Saul and Jonathan his son and the people who were present with them, abode in Gibeah of Benjamin but the Philistines camped in Michmash 17And the spoilers came out of the camp of the Philistines in three companies. One company turned to the way that leads to Ophrah, to the land of Shual 18And another company turned the way to Bethhoron and another company turned to the way of the border that looks to the valley of Zeboim toward the wilderness. 19Now there was no smith found throughout all the land of Israel for the Philistines said, Lest the Hebrews make swords or spears 20But all the Israelites went down to the Philistines for every man to sharpen his share and his coulter and his axe and his mattock. 21Yet they had a file for the mattocks and for the coulters and for the forks and for the axes and to sharpen the goads. 22So it was in the day of battle that there was neither sword nor spear found in the hand of any of the people who were with Saul and Jonathan but they were found with Saul and his son Jonathan. 23And the garrison of the Philistines went out to the passage of Michmash.

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Chapter 14

1Now it was on a day that Jonathan the son of Saul said to the young man who bore his armor, Come and let us go over to the Philistine garrison that is on the other side. But he did not tell his father. 2And Saul waited in the uttermost part of Gibeah under a pomegranate tree which is in Migron and the people who were with him were about six hundred men 3And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD'S priest in Shiloh, was there wearing an ephod and the people did not know that Jonathan was gone. 4And between the passages, by which Jonathan sought to go over to the Philistines' garrison, there was a sharp rock on the one side and a sharp rock on the other side and the name of one was Bozez and the name of the other Seneh. 5The forefront of one was situate northward opposite Michmash and the other southward opposite Gibeah. 6And Jonathan said to the young man who bore his armor, Come and let us go over to the garrison of these uncircumcised. It may be that the LORD will work for us for there is no restraint to the LORD to save by many or by few. 7And his armorbearer said to him, Do all that is in your heart. Turn, behold, I am with you according to your heart. 8Then Jonathan said, Behold, we will pass over to these men and we will discover ourselves to them. 9If they say thus to us, Wait until we come to you, then we will stand still in our place and will not go up to them. 10But if they say thus, Come up to us, then we will go up for the LORD has delivered them into our hand and this shall be a sign to us. 11And both of them discovered themselves to the garrison of the Philistines and the Philistines said, Behold, the Hebrews come forth out of the holes where they had hidden themselves. 12And the men of the garrison answered Jonathan and his armorbearer and said, Come up to us and we will show you a thing and Jonathan said to his armorbearer, Come up after me for the LORD has delivered them into the hand of Israel. 13And Jonathan climbed up on his hands and on his feet and his armorbearer after him and they fell before Jonathan and his armorbearer killed after him. 14And that first slaughter, which Jonathan and his armorbearer made, was about twenty men, within about half an acre of land which a yoke of oxen might plow. 15And there was trembling in the host, in the field and among all the people and the garrison and the spoilers. They also trembled and the earth quaked so that it was a very great trembling.

16And the watchmen of Saul in Gibeah of Benjamin looked and, behold, the multitude melted away and they went on beating down one another. 17Then Saul said to the people who were with him, Number now and see who is gone from us and when they had numbered, behold, Jonathan and his armorbearer were not there. 18And Saul said to Ahiah, Bring here the ark of God. For the ark of God was at that time with the children of Israel. 19And while Saul talked to the priest the noise that was in the host of the Philistines went on and increased and Saul said to the priest, Withdraw your hand. 20And Saul and all the people who were with him assembled themselves and they came to the battle and, behold, every Philistine man's sword was against his fellow and there was a very great confusion. 21Also the Hebrews who were with the Philistines before that time, who went up with them into the camp from the country round about, even they also turned to be with the Israelites who were with Saul and Jonathan. 22Likewise all the men of Israel who had hidden themselves in Mount Ephraim, when they heard that the Philistines fled, even they also followed hard after them in the battle. 23So the LORD saved Israel that day and the battle passed over to Bethaven.

24And the men of Israel were distressed that day for Saul had adjured the people, saying, Cursed is the man who eats any food until evening so that I may be avenged on my enemies. So none of the people tasted any food. 25And all those of the land came to a woods and there was honey on the ground. 26And when the people had come into the woods, behold, the honey dropped but no man put his hand to his mouth for the people feared the oath. 27But Jonathan did not hear when his father charged the people with the oath. Therefore he put the end of the rod that was in his hand and dipped it in a honeycomb and put his hand to his mouth and his eyes were enlightened. 28Then one of the people answered and said, Your father straitly charged the people with an oath, saying, Cursed is the man who eats any food this day and the people were faint. 29Then Jonathan said, My father has troubled the land. See, I beseech you, how my eyes have been enlightened, because I tasted a little of this honey. 30How much more, if perhaps the people had eaten freely today of the spoil of their enemies which they found? Had there not been now a much greater slaughter among the Philistines? 31And they struck the Philistines that day from Michmash to Aijalon and the people were very faint. 32And the people flew on the spoil and took sheep and oxen and calves and killed them on the ground and the people ate them with the blood. 33Then they told Saul, saying, Behold, the people sin against the LORD, in that they eat with the blood. And he said, you have transgressed. Roll a great stone to me this day. 34And Saul said, Disperse yourselves among the people and say to them, Bring every man his ox here to me and every man his sheep and kill them here and eat and do not sin against the LORD in eating with the blood and all the people brought every man his ox with him that night and killed them there. 35And Saul built an altar to the LORD, the same was the first altar that he built to the LORD.

36And Saul said, Let us go down after the Philistines by night and spoil them until the morning light and let us not leave a man of them and they said, Do what ever seems good to you. Then the priest said, Let us draw near here to God. 37And Saul asked counsel of God, Shall I go down after the Philistines? Will you deliver them into the hand of Israel? But he did not answer him that day. 38And Saul said, Bring here all the chief of the people and know and see in whom this sin has been this day. 39For as the LORD lives, who saves Israel, though it is in Jonathan my son, he shall surely die. But there was not a man among all the people who answered him. 40Then he said to all Israel, You be on one side and I and Jonathan my son will be on the other side and the people said to Saul, Do what seems good to you. 41Therefore Saul said to the LORD God of Israel, Give a perfect lot and Saul and Jonathan were taken but the people escaped. 42And Saul said, Cast lots between me and Jonathan my son and Jonathan was taken. 43Then Saul said to Jonathan, Tell me what you have done and Jonathan told him and said, I only tasted a little honey with the end of the rod that was in my hand and, lo, I must die. 44And Saul answered, God do so and more also for you shall surely die, Jonathan. 45And the people said to Saul, Shall Jonathan die, who has worked this great salvation in Israel? God forbid, as the LORD lives, there shall not one hair of his head fall to the ground for he has worked with God this day. So the people rescued Jonathan so that he did not die. 46Then Saul went up from following the Philistines and the Philistines went to their own place.

47So Saul took the kingdom over Israel and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab and against the children of Ammon and against Edom and against the kings of Zobah and against the Philistines and wherever he turned himself, he vexed them. 48And he gathered a host and struck the Amalekites and delivered Israel out of the hands of those who spoiled them. 49Now the sons of Saul were Jonathan and Ishui and Melchishua and the names of his two daughters were these, the name of the firstborn Merab and the name of the younger Michal 50And the name of Saul's wife was Ahinoam, the daughter of Ahimaaz and the name of the captain of his host was Abner, the son of Ner, Saul's uncle. 51And Kish was the father of Saul and Ner the father of Abner was the son of Abiel. 52And there was sore war against the Philistines all the days of Saul and when Saul saw any strong man or any valiant man, he took him to him.

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Chapter 15

1Samuel also said to Saul, The LORD sent me to anoint you to be king over his people, over Israel. Now therefore listen to the voice of the words of the LORD. 2Thus says the LORD of hosts, I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way when he came up from Egypt. 3Now go and strike Amalek and utterly destroy all that they have and do not spare them but kill both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. 4And Saul gathered the people together and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen and ten thousand men of Judah. 5And Saul came to a city of Amalek and laid wait in the valley. 6And Saul said to the Kenites, Go, depart, get down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them for you showed kindness to all the children of Israel, when they came up out of Egypt. So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. 7And Saul struck the Amalekites from Havilah until you come to Shur that is opposite Egypt. 8And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword. 9But Saul and the people spared Agag and the best of the sheep and of the oxen and of the fatlings and the lambs and all that was good and would not utterly destroy them but every thing that was vile and refuse, that they destroyed utterly.

10Then the word of the LORD came to Samuel, saying, 11It repents me that I have set up Saul to be king for he has turned back from following me and has not performed my commandments and it grieved Samuel and he cried to the LORD all night. 12And when Samuel rose to meet Saul early in the morning, Samuel was told, saying, Saul has come to Carmel and, behold, he has set up a place for him and has gone about and passed on and gone down to Gilgal. 13And Samuel came to Saul and Saul said to him, Blessed are you of the LORD. I have performed the commandment of the LORD. 14And Samuel said, What then is this bleating of the sheep in my ears and the lowing of the oxen which I hear? 15And Saul said, They have brought them from the Amalekites for the people spared the best of the sheep and of the oxen, to sacrifice to the LORD your God and the rest we have utterly destroyed. 16Then Samuel said to Saul, Stay and I will tell you what the LORD has said to me this night and he said to him, Say on. 17And Samuel said, When you were little in your own sight, were you not made the head of the tribes of Israel and the LORD anointed you king over Israel? 18And the LORD sent you on a journey and said, Go and utterly destroy the sinners, the Amalekites and fight against them until they are consumed. 19Why then did you not obey the voice of the LORD but flew on the spoil and did evil in the sight of the LORD? 20And Saul said to Samuel, Yes, I have obeyed the voice of the LORD and have gone the way which the LORD sent me and have brought Agag the king of Amalek and have utterly destroyed the Amalekites. 21But the people took of the spoil, sheep and oxen, the chief of the things which should have been utterly destroyed, to sacrifice to the LORD your God in Gilgal. 22And Samuel said, has the LORD as great delight in burnt offerings and sacrifices, as in obeying the voice of the LORD? Behold, to obey is better than sacrifice and to listen than the fat of rams. 23For rebellion is as the sin of witchcraft and stubbornness is as iniquity and idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has also rejected you from being king.

24And Saul said to Samuel, I have sinned for I have transgressed the commandment of the LORD and your words because I feared the people and obeyed their voice. 25Now therefore, I beseech you, pardon my sin and turn again with me so that I may worship the LORD. 26And Samuel said to Saul, I will not return with you for you have rejected the word of the LORD and the LORD has rejected you from being king over Israel. 27And as Samuel turned about to go away, he laid hold on the skirt of his mantle and it tore. 28And Samuel said to him, The LORD has torn the kingdom of Israel from you this day and has given it to a neighbor of yours, who is better than you. 29And also the Strength of Israel will not lie nor repent for he is not a man that he should repent. 30Then he said, I have sinned yet honor me now, I beseech you, before the elders of my people and before Israel and turn again with me so that I may worship the LORD your God. 31So Samuel turned again after Saul and Saul worshiped the LORD.

32Then Samuel said, Bring Agag the king of the Amalekites here to me and Agag came to him delicately and Agag said, Surely the bitterness of death is past. 33And Samuel said, As your sword has made women childless, so shall your mother be childless among women. And Samuel hewed Agag in pieces before the LORD in Gilgal. 34Then Samuel went to Ramah and Saul went up to his house in Gibeah of Saul. 35And Samuel did not come any more to see Saul until the day of his death but Samuel mourned for Saul and the LORD repented that he had made Saul king over Israel.

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Chapter 16

1And the LORD said to Samuel, How long will you mourn for Saul, seeing I have rejected him from reigning over Israel? fill your horn with oil and go. I will send you to Jesse the Bethlehemite for I have provided a king for me among his sons. 2And Samuel said, How can I go? if Saul hears it, he will kill me and the LORD said, Take a heifer with you and say, I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. 3And call Jesse to the sacrifice and I will show you what you shall do and you shall anoint him whom I name to you for me. 4And Samuel did that which the LORD spoke and came to Bethlehem and the elders of the town trembled at his coming and said, Do you come peacefully? 5And he said, Peacefully, I have come to sacrifice to the LORD. Sanctify yourselves and come with me to the sacrifice and he sanctified Jesse and his sons and called them to the sacrifice.

6And when they had come he looked on Eliab and said, Surely the LORD'S anointed is before him. 7But the LORD said to Samuel, Do not look on his countenance or on the height of his stature because I have refused him for the LORD does not see as man sees for man looks on the outer appearance but the LORD looks on the heart. 8Then Jesse called Abinadab and made him pass before Samuel and he said, Neither has the LORD chosen this one. 9Then Jesse made Shammah to pass by and he said, Neither has the LORD chosen this one. 10Again, Jesse made seven of his sons to pass before Samuel and Samuel said to Jesse, The LORD has not chosen these. 11And Samuel said to Jesse, Are all your children here? And he said, There remains yet the youngest and, behold, he keeps the sheep and Samuel said to Jesse, Send and bring him for we will not sit down till he comes here. 12And he sent and brought him in. Now he was ruddy and altogether of a beautiful countenance and good to look at and the LORD said, Arise, anoint him for this is he. 13Then Samuel took the horn of oil and anointed him in the midst of his brothers and the Spirit of the LORD came on David from that day forward. So Samuel rose up and went to Ramah.

14But the Spirit of the LORD departed from Saul and an evil spirit from the LORD troubled him. 15And Saul's servants said to him, Behold now, an evil spirit from God troubles you. 16Let our lord now command your servants, who are before you, to seek out a man, who is a cunning player on a harp and it shall be when the evil spirit from God is on you that he shall play with his hand and you shall be well. 17And Saul said to his servants, Provide me now a man who can play well and bring him to me. 18Then one of the servants answered and said, Behold, I have seen a son of Jesse the Bethlehemite, who is cunning in playing and a mighty valiant man and a man of war and prudent in matters and a comely person and the LORD is with him. 19Therefore Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, Send David your son who is with the sheep to me 20And Jesse took an ass laden with bread and a bottle of wine and a kid and sent them by David his son to Saul. 21And David came to Saul and stood before him and he loved him greatly and he became' his armorbearer. 22And Saul sent to Jesse, saying, Let David, I beseech you, stand before me, for he has found favor in my sight. 23And when the evil spirit from God was on Saul David took a harp and played with his hand. So Saul was refreshed and was well and the evil spirit departed from him.

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Chapter 17

1Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle and were gathered together at Shochoh, which belongs to Judah and pitched between Shochoh and Azekah in Ephesdammim. 2And Saul and the men of Israel were gathered together and pitched by the valley of Elah and set the battle in array against the Philistines. 3And the Philistines stood on a mountain on one side and Israel stood on a mountain on the other side and a valley was between them. 4And a champion went out of the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span. 5And he had a helmet of brass on his head and he was armed with a coat of mail and the weight of the coat was five thousand shekels of brass 6And he had greaves of brass on his legs and a target of brass between his shoulders 7And the staff of his spear was like a weaver's beam and his spear's head weighed six hundred shekels of iron and one bearing a shield went before him. 8And he stood and cried to the armies of Israel and said to them, Why are you come out to set your battle in array? am I not a Philistine and you servants to Saul? Choose a man for you and let him come down to me. 9If he is able to fight with me and to kill me, then we will be your servants but if I prevail against him and kill him, then you shall be our servants and serve us. 10And the Philistine said, I defy the armies of Israel this day, give me a man that we may fight together. 11When Saul and all Israel heard those words of the Philistine, they were dismayed and greatly afraid.

12Now David was the son of that Ephrathite of Bethlehemjudah, whose name was Jesse and he had eight sons and the man went among men for an old man in the days of Saul. 13And the three eldest sons of Jesse went and followed Saul to the battle and the names of his three sons who went to the battle were Eliab the firstborn and next to him Abinadab and the third Shammah. 14And David was the youngest and the three eldest followed Saul. 15But David went and returned from Saul to feed his father's sheep at Bethlehem. 16And the Philistine drew near morning and evening and presented himself forty days. 17And Jesse said to David his son, Take now an ephah of this parched corn for your brothers and these ten loaves and run to the camp to your brothers 18And carry these ten cheeses to the captain of their thousand and see how your brothers fare and take their pledge. 19Now Saul and all the men of Israel were in the valley of Elah, fighting with the Philistines. 20And David rose up early in the morning and left the sheep with a keeper and took and went as Jesse had commanded him and he came to the trench, as the host was going out to the fight and shouted for the battle. 21For Israel and the Philistines had put the battle in array, army against army. 22And David left his carriage in the hand of the keeper of the carriage and ran into the army and came and saluted his brothers. 23And as he talked with them, behold, the Philistine of Gath, Goliath by name, the champion came up out of the armies of the Philistines and spoke according to the same words and David heard them. 24And all the men of Israel fled from him when they saw the man and were sore afraid. 25And the men of Israel said, Have you seen this man who is come up? surely to defy Israel he has come up and it shall be that the man who kills him, the king will enrich with great riches and will give him his daughter and make his father's house free in Israel. 26And David spoke to the men who stood by him, saying, What shall be done to the man who kills this Philistine and takes away the reproach from Israel? for who is this uncircumcised Philistine that he should defy the armies of the living God? 27And the people answered him after this manner, saying, So shall it be done to the man who kills him. 28And Eliab his eldest brother heard when he spoke to the men and Eliab's anger was kindled against David and he said, Why did you come down here? and with whom have you left those few sheep in the wilderness? I know your pride and the naughtiness of your heart for you came down so that you might see the battle. 29And David said, What have I done now? Is there not a cause? 30And he turned from him toward another and spoke after the same manner and the people answered him again after the former manner.

31And when the words were heard which David spoke, they rehearsed them before Saul and he sent for him. 32And David said to Saul, Let no man's heart fail because of him, your servant will go and fight with this Philistine. 33And Saul said to David, You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him for you are but a youth and he a man of war from his youth. 34And David said to Saul, Your servant kept his father's sheep and a lion and a bear came there and took a lamb out of the flock 35And I went out after him and struck him and delivered it out of his mouth and when he arose against me, I caught him by his beard and struck him and killed him. 36Your servant killed both the lion and the bear and this uncircumcised Philistine shall be as one of them, seeing he has defied the armies of the living God. 37David also said, The LORD who delivered me out of the paw of the lion and out of the paw of the bear will deliver me out of the hand of this Philistine. And Saul said to David, Go and the LORD be with you. 38And Saul armed David with his armor and he put a helmet of brass on his head, he also armed him with a coat of mail. 39And David girded his sword on his armor and he resolved to go but he had not proved them and David said to Saul, I cannot go with these for I have not proved them and David put them off from him.

40And he took his staff in his hand and chose five smooth stones out of the brook and put them in a shepherd's bag which he had, even in a scrip and his sling was in his hand and he drew near to the Philistine. 41And the Philistine came on and drew near to David and the man who bore the shield went before him. 42And when the Philistine looked about and saw David, he disdained him for he was only a youth and ruddy and of a fair countenance. 43And the Philistine said to David, Am I a dog that you come to me with staves? And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44And the Philistine said to David, Come to me and I will give your flesh to the fowls of the air and to the animals of the field. 45Then David said to the Philistine, You come to me with a sword and with a spear and with a shield but I come to you in the name of the LORD of hosts, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46This day will the LORD deliver you into my hand and I will strike you and take your head from you and I will give the carcases of the host of the Philistines this day to the fowls of the air and to the wild animals of the earth so that all the earth may know that there is a God in Israel. 47And all this assembly shall know that the LORD saves not with sword and spear for the battle is the LORD'S and he will give you into our hands.

48And when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David then David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine. 49And David put his hand in his bag and took a stone and slung it and struck the Philistine in his forehead so that the stone sunk into his forehead and he fell on his face to the earth. 50So David prevailed over the Philistine with a sling and a stone and struck the Philistine and killed him but there was no sword in the hand of David. 51Therefore David ran and stood on the Philistine and took his sword and drew it out of its sheath and killed him and cut off his head with it and when the Philistines saw their champion was dead, they fled. 52And the men of Israel and Judah arose and shouted and pursued the Philistines, until you come to the valley and to the gates of Ekron and the wounded of the Philistines fell down by the way to Shaaraim, even to Gath and to Ekron. 53And the children of Israel returned from chasing after the Philistines and they spoiled their tents. 54And David took the head of the Philistine and brought it to Jerusalem but he put his armor in his tent. 55And when Saul saw David go out against the Philistine, he said to Abner, the captain of the host, Abner, whose son is this youth? And Abner said, As your soul lives, O king, I cannot tell. 56And the king said, Enquire whose son the stripling is. 57And as David returned from the slaughter of the Philistine, Abner took him and brought him before Saul with the head of the Philistine in his hand. 58And Saul said to him, Whose son are you, young man? And David answered, I am the son of your servant Jesse the Bethlehemite.

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Chapter 18

1And when he had finished speaking to Saul, the soul of Jonathan was knit with the soul of David and Jonathan loved him as his own soul. 2And Saul took him that day and would not let him go home any more to his father's house. 3Then Jonathan and David made a covenant because he loved him as his own soul. 4And Jonathan stripped himself of the robe and his garments that were on him and gave them to David, even to his sword and to his bow and to his girdle. 5And David went out wherever Saul sent him and behaved himself wisely and Saul set him over the men of war and he was accepted in the sight of all the people and also in the sight of Saul's servants.

6And as they came, when David was returning from the slaughter of the Philistines, the women came out of all cities of Israel, singing and dancing, to meet king Saul with tabrets, with joy and with instruments of music. 7And the women answered one another as they played and said, Saul has slain his thousands and David his ten thousands. 8And Saul was very angry and the saying displeased him and he said, They have ascribed to David ten thousands and to me they have ascribed thousands and what can he have more than the kingdom? 9And Saul eyed David from that day forward. 10And on the next morning, the evil spirit from God came on Saul and he prophesied in the midst of the house and David played with his hand, as at other times and there was a javelin in Saul's hand 11And Saul cast the javelin for he said, I will strike David even to the wall with it. And David avoided out of his presence twice.

12And Saul was afraid of David because the LORD was with him but had departed from Saul. 13Therefore Saul removed him from him and made him his captain over a thousand and he went out and came in before the people. 14And David behaved himself wisely in all his ways and the LORD was with him. 15Therefore when Saul saw that he behaved himself very wisely, he was afraid of him. 16But all Israel and Judah loved David because he went out and came in before them. 17And Saul said to David, Behold my older daughter Merab, I will give her to you for a wife. Only be valiant for me and fight the LORD'S battles. For Saul said, Let not my hand be on him but let the hand of the Philistines be on him. 18And David said to Saul, Who am I? and what is my life or my father's family in Israel that I should be son in law to the king? 19But it was at the time when Merab Saul's daughter should have been given to David that she was given to Adriel the Meholathite as a wife. 20And Michal Saul's daughter loved David and they told Saul and the thing pleased him. 21And Saul said, I will give her to him so that she may be a snare to him and that the hand of the Philistines may be against him. Therefore Saul said to David, You shall this day be my son in law in the one of the two. 22And Saul commanded his servants, saying, Commune with David secretly and say, Behold, the king has delight in you and all his servants love you. Now therefore be the king's son in law. 23And Saul's servants spoke those words in the ears of David and David said, Does it seem a light thing to you to be a king's son in law, seeing that I am a poor man and lightly esteemed? 24And the servants of Saul told him, saying, David spoke in this manner. 25And Saul said, Thus shall you say to David, The king desires not any dowry but a hundred foreskins of the Philistines, to be avenged of the king's enemies. But Saul thought to make David fall by the hand of the Philistines. 26And when his servants told David these words, it pleased David well to be the king's son in law and the days were not expired. 27Therefore David arose and went, he and his men and killed two hundred men of the Philistines and David brought their foreskins and he gave them in full count to the king so that he might be the king's son in law. And Saul gave him Michal his daughter as a wife. 28And Saul saw and knew that the LORD was with David and that Michal Saul's daughter loved him. 29And Saul was still more afraid of David and Saul became David's enemy continually. 30Then the princes of the Philistines went out and after they went out, David behaved himself more wisely than all the servants of Saul so that his name was much set by.

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Chapter 19

1And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants that they should kill David. 2But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David and Jonathan told David, saying, Saul my father seeks to kill you, now therefore, I beseech you, take heed to yourself until the morning and abide in a secret place and hide yourself 3And I will go out and stand beside my father in the field where you are and I will commune with my father about you and what I see that I will tell you. 4And Jonathan spoke good of David to Saul his father and said to him, Let not the king sin against his servant, against David because he has not sinned against you and because his works have been very good toward you 5For he put his life in his hand and killed the Philistine and the LORD worked a great salvation for all Israel. You saw it and rejoiced, why then will you sin against innocent blood, to kill David without a cause? 6And Saul listened to the voice of Jonathan and Saul swore, As the LORD lives, he shall not be killed. 7And Jonathan called David and Jonathan showed him all those things and Jonathan brought David to Saul and he was in his presence, as in times past.

8And there was war again and David went out and fought with the Philistines and killed them with a great slaughter and they fled from him. 9And the evil spirit from the LORD was on Saul, as he sat in his house with his javelin in his hand and David played with his hand. 10And Saul sought to strike David even to the wall with the javelin but he slipped away out of Saul's presence and he struck the javelin into the wall and David fled and escaped that night.

11Saul also sent messengers to David's house, to watch him and to kill him in the morning and Michal David's wife told him, saying, If you do not save your life tonight, tomorrow you shall be killed. 12So Michal let David down through a window and he went and fled and escaped. 13And Michal took an image and laid it in the bed and put a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster and covered it with a cloth. 14And when Saul sent messengers to take David, she said, He is sick. 15And Saul sent the messengers again to see David, saying, Bring him up to me in the bed that I may kill him. 16And when the messengers had come in, behold, there was an image in the bed, with a pillow of goats' hair for his bolster. 17And Saul said to Michal, Why have you deceived me so and sent away my enemy so that he has escaped? And Michal answered Saul, He said to me, Let me go, why should I kill you?

18So David fled and escaped and came to Samuel to Ramah and told him all that Saul had done to him and he and Samuel went and dwelled in Naioth. 19And Saul was told, saying, Behold, David is in Naioth in Ramah. 20And Saul sent messengers to take David and when they saw the company of the prophets prophesying and Samuel standing as appointed over them, the Spirit of God was on the messengers of Saul and they also prophesied. 21And when Saul was told, he sent other messengers and they prophesied likewise and Saul sent messengers again the third time and they also prophesied. 22Then he also went to Ramah and came to a great well that is in Sechu and he asked and said, Where are Samuel and David? and one said, Behold, they are at Naioth in Ramah. 23And he went there to Naioth in Ramah and the Spirit of God was also on him and he went on and prophesied, until he came to Naioth in Ramah. 24And he also stripped off his clothes and prophesied before Samuel in like manner and lay down naked all that day and all that night. Wherefore they say, Is Saul also among the prophets?

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Chapter 20

1And David fled from Naioth in Ramah and came and spoke before Jonathan, What have I done, what is my iniquity and what is my sin before your father, that he seeks my life? 2And he said to him, God forbid, you shall not die, behold, my father will do nothing either great or small, except he will show it to me and why should my father hide this thing from me? It is not so. 3And David swore also and said, Your father certainly knows that I have found grace in your eyes and he says, Do not let Jonathan know this, lest he may be grieved. But truly as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, there is only a step between me and death. 4Then Jonathan said to David, What ever your soul desires, I will even do it for you. 5And David said to Jonathan, Behold, tomorrow is the new moon and I should not fail to sit with the king at meat but let me go so that I may hide myself in the field to the third day at evening. 6If your father at all misses me, then say, David earnestly asked leave of me that he might run to his city Bethlehem for there is a yearly sacrifice there for all the family. 7If he says thus, It is well, your servant shall have peace but if he is very angry, then be sure that evil is determined by him. 8Therefore you shall deal kindly with your servant for you have brought your servant into a covenant of the LORD with you but if iniquity is in me, kill me yourself for why should you bring me to your father?

9And Jonathan said, Far be it from you for if I knew certainly that evil was determined to come on you by my father, then would I not tell you? 10Then David said to Jonathan, Who shall tell me? or what if your father answers you roughly? 11And Jonathan said to David, Come and let us go out into the field. And they both went out into the field. 12And Jonathan said to David, O LORD God of Israel, when I have sounded my father about tomorrow any time,or the third day and, behold, if there is good toward David and I do not send it to you and show it to you, 13The LORD do so and much more to Jonathan but if it please my father to do you evil, then I will show it to you and send you away so that you may go in peace and the LORD be with you, as he has been with my father. 14And you shall not only show me the kindness of the LORD while I yet live so that I do not die 15But you shall also not cut off your kindness from my house for ever, no, not when the LORD has cut off every one of the enemies of David from the face of the earth. 16So Jonathan made a covenant with the house of David, saying, Let the LORD even require it at the hand of David's enemies. 17And Jonathan caused David to swear again because he loved him for he loved him as he loved his own soul. 18Then Jonathan said to David, Tomorrow is the new moon and you shall be missed because your seat will be empty. 19And when you have stayed three days, then you shall go down quickly and come to the place where you hid yourself when the business was in hand and shall remain by the stone Ezel. 20And I will shoot three arrows on the side of it, as though I shot at a mark. 21And, behold, I will send a lad, saying, Go, seek out the arrows. If I expressly say to the lad, Behold, the arrows are on this side of you, take them, then you come for there is peace to you and no hurt, as the LORD lives. 22But if I say thus to the young man, Behold, the arrows are beyond you, go your way for the LORD has sent you away. 23And as touching the matter which you and I have spoken of, behold, the LORD is between you and me for ever.

24So David hid himself in the field and when the new moon had come, the king sat down to eat meat. 25And the king sat on his seat, as at other times, even on a seat by the wall and Jonathan arose and Abner sat by Saul's side and David's place was empty. 26But Saul did not speak any thing that day for he thought, Something has befallen him, he is not clean, surely he is not clean. 27And on the next morning, which was the second day of the month, David's place was empty and Saul said to Jonathan his son, Why does the son of Jesse not come to meat, neither yesterday nor today? 28And Jonathan answered Saul, David earnestly asked leave of me to go to Bethlehem 29And he said, Let me go, I beseech you for our family has a sacrifice in the city and my brother has commanded me to be there and now, if I have found favor in your eyes, let me go away, I beseech you and see my brothers. Therefore he does not come to the king's table. 30Then Saul's anger was kindled against Jonathan and he said to him, You son of a perverse rebellious woman, do I not know that you have chosen the son of Jesse to your own confusion and to the confusion of your mother's nakedness? 31For as long as the son of Jesse lives on the ground, you and your kingdom shall not be established. Therefore now send and bring him to me for he shall surely die. 32And Jonathan answered Saul his father and said to him, Why should he be killed, what has he done? 33And Saul cast a javelin at him to strike him. Whereby Jonathan knew that it was determined of his father to kill David. 34So Jonathan arose from the table in fierce anger and ate no meat the second day of the month for he was grieved for David, because his father had done him shame.

35And in the morning Jonathan went out into the field at the time appointed with David and a little lad with him. 36And he said to his lad, Run, seek out now the arrows which I shoot. And as the lad ran, he shot an arrow beyond him. 37And when the lad was come to the place of the arrow which Jonathan had shot, Jonathan cried after the lad and said, Is not the arrow beyond you? 38And Jonathan cried after the lad, Make speed, hurry, don't wait. And Jonathan's lad gathered up the arrows and came to his master. 39But the lad did not know any thing, only Jonathan and David knew the matter. 40And Jonathan gave his artillery to his lad and said to him, Go, carry them to the city. 41And as soon as the lad was gone, David arose out of a place toward the south and fell on his face to the ground and bowed himself three times and they kissed one another and wept with one another, until David exceeded. 42And Jonathan said to David, Go in peace, forasmuch as both of us have sworn in the name of the LORD, saying, The LORD be between me and you and between my seed and your seed for ever. And he arose and departed and Jonathan went into the city.

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Chapter 21

1Then David came to Nob to Ahimelech the priest and Ahimelech was afraid at the meeting of David and said to him, Why are you alone and no man with you? 2And David said to Ahimelech the priest, The king has commanded me a business and has said to me, Let no man know any thing of the business about which I send you and what I have commanded you and I have appointed my servants to such and such a place. 3Now therefore what is under your hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand or what is present there. 4And the priest answered David and said, There is no common bread under my hand but there is hallowed bread, if the young men have at least kept themselves from women. 5And David answered the priest and said to him, Of a truth women have been kept from us about these three days, since I came out and the vessels of the young men are holy and the bread is in a manner common, yes, though it was sanctified this day in the vessel. 6So the priest gave him hallowed bread for there was no bread there but the show bread that was taken from before the LORD, to put hot bread in the day when it was taken away. 7Now a certain man of the servants of Saul was there that day, detained before the LORD and his name was Doeg, an Edomite, the chief of the herdsmen who belonged to Saul. 8And David said to Ahimelech, Is there not here under your hand spear or sword? for I have neither brought my sword nor my weapons with me, because the king's business required haste. 9And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you killed in the valley of Elah, behold, it is here wrapped in a cloth behind the ephod. If you will take that, take it for there is no other except that here and David said, There is none like that, give it to me.

10And David arose and fled that day for fear of Saul and went to Achish the king of Gath. 11And the servants of Achish said to him, Is not this David the king of the land, did they not sing to one another of him in dances, saying, Saul has killed his thousands and David his ten thousands? 12And David laid up these words in his heart and was sore afraid of Achish the king of Gath. 13And he changed his behavior before them and feigned himself mad in their hands and scrabbled on the doors of the gate and let his spittle fall down on his beard. 14Then Achish said to his servants, Lo, you see the man is mad, why then have you brought him to me? 15Have I need of mad men that you have brought this fellow to play the mad man in my presence? Shall this fellow come into my house?

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Chapter 22

1 Therefore David departed from there and escaped to the cave of Adullam and when his brothers and all his father's house heard it, they went down to him there. 2And every one who was in distress and every one who was in debt and every one who was discontented, gathered themselves to him and he became a captain over them and there were with him about four hundred men. 3And David went from there to Mizpeh of Moab and he said to the king of Moab I beseech you, Let my father and my mother come out and be with you, till I know what God will do for me. 4And he brought them before the king of Moab and they dwelled with him all the while that David was in the hold. 5And the prophet Gad said to David, Do no abide in the hold. Depart and get into the land of Judah. Then David departed and came into the forest of Hareth.

6When Saul heard that David and the men who were with him were discovered, (now Saul abode in Gibeah under a tree in Ramah, having his spear in his hand and all his servants were standing around him,) 7Then Saul said to his servants who stood about him, Hear now, you Benjamites, will the son of Jesse give every one of you fields and vineyards and make you all captains of thousands and captains of hundreds, 8In that all of you have conspired against me and there is no one who showed me that my son has made a league with the son of Jesse and none of you is sorry for me or showed to me that my son has stirred up my servant against me, to lie in wait, as at this day? 9Then Doeg the Edomite, who was set over the servants of Saul answered and said, I saw the son of Jesse coming to Nob, to Ahimelech the son of Ahitub. 10And he enquired of the LORD for him and gave him provisions and gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine. 11Then the king sent to call Ahimelech the son of Ahitub the priest and all his father's house, the priests who were in Nob and all of them came to the king. 12And Saul said, Hear now, you son of Ahitub and he answered, Here I am, my lord. 13And Saul said to him, Why have you conspired against me, you and the son of Jesse, in that you have given him bread and a sword and have enquired of God for him that he should rise against me to lie in wait, as at this day? 14Then Ahimelech answered the king and said And who is so faithful among all your servants as David, who is the king's son in law and goes at your bidding and is honorable in your house? 15Did I then begin to enquire of God for him? Be it far from me, let not the king impute any thing to his servant nor to all the house of my father for your servant knew nothing more or less of all this. 16And the king said, You shall surely die, Ahimelech, you and all your father's house. 17And the king said to the footmen who stood about him, Turn and kill the priests of the LORD because their hand also is with David and because they knew when he fled and did not show it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall on the priests of the LORD. 18And the king said to Doeg, You turn and fall on the priests and Doeg the Edomite turned and he fell on the priests and killed eighty five persons who wore a linen ephod on that day. 19And he struck Nob, the city of the priests, with the edge of the sword, both men and women, children and sucklings and oxen and asses and sheep, with the edge of the sword.

20And one of the sons of Ahimelech the son of Ahitub, named Abiathar, escaped and fled after David. 21And Abiathar showed David that Saul had killed the LORD'S priests. 22And David said to Abiathar, I knew it that day, when Doeg the Edomite was there, that he would surely tell Saul. I have occasioned the death of all the persons of your father's house. 23Abide with me, fear not for he who seeks my life seeks your life but with me you shall be in safeguard.

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Chapter 23

1Then David was told, saying, Behold, the Philistines fight against Keilah and they rob the threshing floors. 2Therefore David enquired of the LORD, saying, Shall I go and strike these Philistines? And the LORD said to David, Go and strike the Philistines and save Keilah. 3And David's men said to him, Behold, we are afraid here in Judah. How much more then if we come to Keilah against the armies of the Philistines? 4Then David enquired of the LORD yet again and the LORD answered him and said, Arise, go down to Keilah for I will deliver the Philistines into your hand. 5So David and his men went to Keilah and fought with the Philistines and brought away their cattle and struck them with a great slaughter. So David saved the inhabitants of Keilah. 6And when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah he came down with an ephod in his hand

7And Saul was told that David had gone to Keilah and Saul said, God has delivered him into my hand for he is shut in, by entering into a town that has gates and bars. 8And Saul called all the people together to war, to go down to Keilah, to besiege David and his men. 9And David knew that Saul secretly practiced mischief against him and he said to Abiathar the priest, Bring the ephod here. 10Then David said, O LORD God of Israel, your servant has certainly heard that Saul seeks to come to Keilah, to destroy the city for my sake. 11Will the men of Keilah deliver me up into his hand, will Saul come down, as your servant has heard? O LORD God of Israel, I beseech you, tell your servant. And the LORD said, He will come down. 12Then David said, Will the men of Keilah deliver me and my men into the hand of Saul? And the LORD said, They will deliver you up. 13Then David and his men, who were about six hundred, arose and departed out of Keilah and went wherever they could go. And Saul was told that David was escaped from Keilah and he forbore to go out.

14And David abode in the wilderness in strong holds and remained in a mountain in the wilderness of Ziph. And Saul sought him every day. But God did not deliver him into his hand. 15And David saw that Saul had come out to seek his life and David was in the wilderness of Ziph in a woods. 16And Jonathan Saul's son arose and went to David into the woods and strengthened his hand in God. 17And he said to him, Fear not, for the hand of Saul my father shall not find you and you shall be king over Israel and I shall be next to you and also Saul my father knows that. 18And they two made a covenant before the LORD and David abode in the woods and Jonathan went to his house.

19Then the Ziphites came up to Gibeah to Saul saying, Does not David hide himself with us in strong holds in the woods, in the hill of Hachilah, which is on the south of Jeshimon? 20Now therefore, O king, come down according to all the desire of your soul to come down and our part shall be to deliver him into the king's hand. 21And Saul said, Blessed are you of the LORD for you have compassion on me. 22Go, I beseech you, prepare further and know and see his place where his haunt is and who has seen him there for it was told to me that he deals very subtly. 23See therefore and take knowledge of all the lurking places where he hides himself and come again to me with the certainty and I will go with you and it shall be if he is in the land, that I will search him out throughout all the thousands of Judah. 24And they arose and went to Ziph before Saul but David and his men were in the wilderness of Maon, in the plain on the south of Jeshimon. 25Saul also and his men went to seek him and they told Saul that David came down into a rock and abode in the wilderness of Maon. And when Saul heard that, he pursued after David in the wilderness of Maon. 26And Saul went on this side of the mountain and David and his men on that side of the mountain and David hurried to get away for fear of Saul for Saul and his men surrounded David and his men to take them. 27But a messenger came to Saul, saying, Hurry and come, for the Philistines have invaded the land. 28Therefore Saul returned from pursuing after David and went against the Philistines. Therefore they called that place Selahammahlekoth. 29And David went up from there and dwelled in strong holds at Engedi.

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Chapter 24

1And when Saul had returned from following the Philistines he was told, saying, Behold, David is in the wilderness of Engedi. 2Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel and went to seek David and his men on the rocks of the wild goats. 3And he came to the sheep cotes by the way, where there was a cave and Saul went in to cover his feet and David and his men remained inside the cave. 4And the men of David said to him, Behold the day of which the LORD said to you, Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand so that you may do to him as it shall seem good to you. Then David arose and cut off the skirt of Saul's robe privately. 5And afterward, David's heart struck him because he had cut off Saul's skirt. 6And he said to his men, The LORD forbid that I should do this thing to my master, the LORD'S anointed, to stretch forth my hand against him, seeing he is the anointed of the LORD. 7So David stayed his servants with these words and did not allow them to rise against Saul. But Saul rose up out of the cave and went on his way. 8David also arose afterward and went out of the cave and cried after Saul, saying, My lord the king and when Saul looked behind him, David stooped with his face to the earth and bowed himself.

9And David said to Saul, Why do you hear men's words, saying, Behold, David seeks your hurt? 10Behold, this day your eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered you today into my hand in the cave and some bade me to kill you but my eye spared you and I said, I will not put forth my hand against my lord, for he is the LORD'S anointed. 11Also, my father, see, yes, see the skirt of your robe in my hand for in that I cut off the skirt of your robe and did not kill you, know and see that there is neither evil nor transgression in my hand and I have not sinned against you. Yet you hunt my soul to take it. 12The LORD judge between me and you and the LORD avenge me of you but my hand shall not be on you. 13As the proverb of the ancients says, Wickedness proceeds from the wicked but my hand shall not be on you. 14After whom is the king of Israel come out, after whom do you pursue? After a dead dog, after a flea. 15The LORD therefore be judge and judge between me and you and see and plead my cause and deliver me out of your hand.

16And when David had finished speaking these words to Saul then Saul said, Is this your voice, my son David? And Saul lifted up his voice and wept. 17And he said to David, You are more righteous than I for you have rewarded me good, whereas I have rewarded you evil. 18And you have shown this day how that you have dealt well with me, forasmuch as when the LORD had delivered me into your hand, you did not kill me. 19For if a man finds his enemy, will he let him go away well? Therefore the LORD reward you good for what you have done to me this day. 20And now, behold, I know well that you shall surely be king and that the kingdom of Israel shall be established in your hand. 21Swear now therefore to me by the LORD, that you will not cut off my seed after me and that you will not destroy my name out of my father's house. 22And David swore to Saul. And Saul went home but David and his men went up to the hold.

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Chapter 25

1And Samuel died and all the Israelites were gathered together and lamented him and buried him in his house at Ramah. And David arose and went down to the wilderness of Paran.

2And there was a man in Maon, whose possessions were in Carmel and the man was very great and he had three thousand sheep and a thousand goats and he was shearing his sheep in Carmel. 3Now the name of the man was Nabal and the name of his wife Abigail and she was a woman of good understanding and of a beautiful countenance but the man was churlish and evil in his doings and he was of the house of Caleb. 4And David heard in the wilderness that Nabal was shearing his sheep. 5And David sent out ten young men and David said to the young men, Go up to Carmel and go to Nabal and greet him in my name 6And thus you shall say to him who lives in prosperity, Peace be both to you and peace be to your house and peace be to all that you have. 7And now I have heard that you have shearers. Now we did not hurt your shepherds who were with us, nor was there anything missing to them all the while they were in Carmel. 8Ask your young men and they will show you. Therefore let the young men find favor in your eyes for we come in a good day. Give, I beseech you, what ever comes to your hand to your servants and to your son David. 9And when David's young men came, they spoke to Nabal according to all those words in the name of David and ceased. 10And Nabal answered David's servants and said, Who is David and who is the son of Jesse? There are many servants now a days who break away every man from his master. 11Shall I then take my bread and my water and my flesh that I have killed for my shearers and give it to men, whom I do not know where they are?

12So David's young men turned their way and went again and came and told him all those sayings. 13And David said to his men, every man gird on his sword and every man girded on his sword and David also girded on his sword and about four hundred men went up after David and two hundred stayed by the stuff. 14But one of the young men told Abigail, Nabal's wife, saying, Behold, David sent messengers out of the wilderness to salute our master and he railed on them. 15But the men were very good to us and we were not hurt nor did we miss any thing, as long as we were conversant with them, when we were in the fields. 16They were a wall to us both by night and day, all the while we were with them keeping the sheep. 17Now therefore know and consider what you will do, for evil is determined against our master and against all his household for he is such a son of Belial that a man cannot speak to him.

18Then Abigail hurried and took two hundred loaves and two bottles of wine and five sheep ready dressed and five measures of parched corn and a hundred clusters of raisins and two hundred cakes of figs and laid them on asses 19And she said to her servants, Go on before me, behold, I will come after you. But she did not tell her husband Nabal. 20And as she rode on the ass, she came down by the covert of the hill and, behold, David and his men came down opposite her and she met them. 21Now David had said, Surely I have kept all that this man has in the wilderness in vain, so that nothing was missed of all that pertained to him and he has returned me evil for good. 22So and more also will God do to the enemies of David, if I leave of all that pertain to him by the morning light any male. 23And when Abigail saw David, she hurried and lighted off the ass and fell before David on her face and bowed herself to the ground 24And fell at his feet and said, On me, my lord, on me let this iniquity be and let your handmaid, I beseech you, speak in your audience and hear the words of your handmaid. 25 I beseech you, Let not my lord, regard this man of Belial, even Nabal for as his name is, so is he, Nabal is his name and folly is with him but I your handmaid did not see the young men of my lord, whom you sent. 26Now therefore, my lord, as the LORD lives and as your soul lives, seeing the LORD has withheld you from coming to shed blood and from avenging yourself with your own hand, now let your enemies and those who seek evil to my lord, be as Nabal. 27And now this blessing which your handmaid has brought to my lord, let it even be given to the young men who follow my lord. 28I beseech you, forgive the trespass of your handmaid for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house because my lord fights the battles of the LORD and evil has not been found in you all your days. 29Yet a man is risen to pursue you and to seek your soul but the soul of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with the LORD your God and the souls of your enemies. He shall sling them out, as out of the middle of a sling 30And it shall be, when the LORD shall have done to my lord according to all the good that he has spoken concerning you and shall have appointed you ruler over Israel, 31That this shall be no grief to you nor offence of heart to my lord, either that you have shed blood causeless or that my lord has avenged himself but when the LORD shall have dealt well with my lord, then remember your handmaid.

32And David said to Abigail, Blessed is the LORD God of Israel, who sent you this day to meet me 33And blessed is your advice and blessed are you, who has kept me this day from coming to shed blood and from avenging myself with my own hand. 34For in very deed, as the LORD God of Israel lives, who has kept me back from hurting you, except you had hurried and come to meet me, surely there would not have been any male left to Nabal by the morning light. 35So David received of her hand that which she had brought him and said to her, Go up in peace to your house, see, I have listened to your voice and have accepted your person.

36And Abigail came to Nabal and, behold, he held a feast in his house, like the feast of a king and Nabal's heart was merry within him for he was very drunk. Therefore she told him nothing, more or less, until the morning light. 37But it was in the morning, when the wine was gone out of Nabal and his wife had told him these things, that his heart died within him and he became as a stone. 38And about ten days after the LORD struck Nabal so that he died. 39And when David heard that Nabal was dead, he said, Blessed is the LORD, who has pleaded the cause of my reproach from the hand of Nabal and has kept his servant from evil for the LORD has returned the wickedness of Nabal on his own head and David sent and communed with Abigail, to take her to him as a wife. 40And when the servants of David had come to Abigail to Carmel, they spoke to her, saying, David sent us to you, to take you to him as a wife. 41And she arose and bowed herself on her face to the earth and said, Behold, let your handmaid be a servant to wash the feet of the servants of my lord. 42And Abigail hurried and arose and rode on an ass, with five damsels of hers who went after her and she went after the messengers of David and became his wife. 43David also took Ahinoam of Jezreel and both of them also were his wives. 44But Saul had given Michal his daughter, David's wife, to Phalti the son of Laish, who was of Gallim.

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Chapter 26

1And the Ziphites came to Saul to Gibeah, saying, Does not David hide himself in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon? 2Then Saul arose and went down to the wilderness of Ziph, having three thousand chosen men of Israel with him, to seek David in the wilderness of Ziph. 3And Saul pitched in the hill of Hachilah, which is before Jeshimon, by the way. But David abode in the wilderness and he saw that Saul came after him into the wilderness. 4David therefore sent out spies and understood that Saul was come in very deed. 5And David arose and came to the place where Saul had pitched and David beheld the place where Saul lay and Abner the son of Ner, the captain of his host and Saul lay in the trench and the people pitched round about him.

6Then David answered and said to Ahimelech the Hittite and to Abishai the son of Zeruiah, brother to Joab, saying, Who will go down with me to Saul to the camp? and Abishai said, I will go down with you. 7So David and Abishai came to the people by night and, behold, Saul lay sleeping within the trench and his spear stuck in the ground at his bolster but Abner and the people lay round about him. 8Then said Abishai to David, God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day. Now, I beseech you therefore, let me strike him with the spear even to the earth at once and I will not strike him the second time. 9And David said to Abishai, Do not destroy him for who can stretch forth his hand against the LORD'S anointed and be guiltless? 10David said furthermore, As the LORD lives, the LORD shall strike him or his day shall come to die or he shall descend into battle and perish. 11The LORD forbid that I should stretch forth my hand against the LORD'S anointed but, I beseech you now, take the spear that is at his bolster and the cruse of water and let us go. 12So David took the spear and the cruse of water from Saul's bolster and they got away and no man saw it nor knew it nor wakened for they were all asleep, because a deep sleep from the LORD had fallen on them.

13Then David went over to the other side and stood on the top of a hill afar off, a great space being between them 14And David cried to the people and to Abner the son of Ner, saying, Do you not answer, Abner? Then Abner answered and said, Who are you who cries to the king? 15And David said to Abner, Are not you a valiant man and who is like you in Israel? Why then have you not guarded your lord the king? For there came one of the people in to destroy your lord the king. 16This thing is not good that you have done. As the LORD lives, you are worthy to die because you have not guarded your master, the LORD'S anointed and now see where the king's spear is and the cruse of water that was at his bolster. 17And Saul knew David's voice and said, Is this your voice, my son David? and David said, It is my voice, my lord, O king. 18And he said, Why does my lord thus pursue after his servant for what have I done? Or what evil is in my hand? 19Now therefore, I beseech you, let my lord the king hear the words of his servant. If the LORD has stirred you up against me, let him accept an offering but if the children of men, cursed are they before the LORD for they have driven me out this day from abiding in the inheritance of the LORD, saying, Go, serve other gods. 20Now therefore, let not my blood fall to the earth before the face of the LORD for the king of Israel is come out to seek a flea, as when one hunts a partridge in the mountains.

21Then said Saul, I have sinned, return, my son David for I will do you harm no more because my soul was precious in your eyes this day. Behold, I have played the fool and have erred exceedingly. 22And David answered and said, Behold the king's spear! and let one of the young men come over and take it. 23The LORD render to every man his righteousness and his faithfulness for the LORD delivered you into my hand today but I would not stretch forth my hand against the LORD'S anointed. 24And, behold, as your life was much set by this day in my eyes, so let my life be much set by in the eyes of the LORD and let him deliver me out of all tribulation. 25Then Saul said to David, Blessed are you, my son David, you shall both do great things and also shall still prevail. So David went on his way and Saul returned to his place.

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Chapter 27

1And David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul. There is nothing better for me than that I should speedily escape into the land of the Philistines and Saul shall despair of me, to seek me any more in any coast of Israel. So I shall escape out of his hand. 2And David arose and he passed over to Achish the son of Maoch, king of Gath, with the six hundred men who were with him. 3And David dwelled with Achish at Gath, he and his men, every man with his household, even David with his two wives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the Carmelitess, Nabal's wife. 4And Saul was told that David had fled to Gath and he did not seek for him again any more. 5And David said to Achish, If I have now found grace in your eyes, let them give me a place in some town in the country so that I may dwell there for why should your servant dwell in the royal city with you? 6Then Achish gave him Ziklag that day. Therefore Ziklag pertains to the kings of Judah to this day. 7And the time that David dwelled in the country of the Philistines was a full year and four months.

8And David and his men went up and invaded the Geshurites and the Gezrites and the Amalekites for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as you go to Shur, even to the land of Egypt. 9And David struck the land and left neither man nor woman alive and took away the sheep and the oxen and the asses and the camels and the apparel and returned and came to Achish. 10And Achish said, Where have you made a road today? And David said, Against the south of Judah and against the south of the Jerahmeelites and against the south of the Kenites. 11And David saved neither man nor woman alive, to bring news to Gath, saying, Lest they should tell on us, saying, So did David and so will be his manner all the while he dwells in the country of the Philistines. 12And Achish believed David, saying, He has made his people Israel to utterly abhor him, therefore he shall be my servant for ever.

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Chapter 28

1And in those days the Philistines gathered their armies together for warfare, to fight with Israel And Achish said to David, Know assuredly that you shall go out with me to battle, you and your men. 2And David said to Achish, Surely you shall know what your servant can do. And Achish said to David, Therefore I will make you keeper of my head for ever. 3Now Samuel was dead and all Israel had lamented him and buried him in Ramah, even in his own city. And Saul had put away those who had familiar spirits and the wizards, out of the land. 4And the Philistines gathered themselves together and came and pitched in Shunem and Saul gathered all Israel together and they pitched in Gilboa. 5And when Saul saw the host of the Philistines, he was afraid and his heart greatly trembled. 6And when Saul enquired of the LORD, the LORD did not answer him, neither by dreams nor by Urim nor by prophets.

7Then Saul said to his servants, Find a woman for me who has a familiar spirit so that I may go to her and enquire of her. And his servants said to him, Behold, there is a woman who has a familiar spirit at Endor. 8And Saul disguised himself and put on other raiment and he went and two men with him and they came to the woman by night and he said, I beseech you, divine to me by the familiar spirit and bring me up him whom I shall name to you. 9And the woman said to him, Behold, you know what Saul has done, how he has cut off those who have familiar spirits and the wizards, out of the land. Why then do you lay a snare for my life, to cause me to die? 10And Saul swore to her by the LORD, saying, As the LORD lives, no punishment shall happen to you for this thing. 11Then the woman said, Whom shall I bring up to you? And he said, Bring me up Samuel. 12And when the woman saw Samuel, she cried with a loud voice and the woman spoke to Saul, saying, Why have you deceived me? for you are Saul. 13And the king said to her, Do not be afraid for what did you see? And the woman said to Saul, I saw gods ascending out of the earth. 14And he said to her, Of what form is he? And she said, An old man comes up and he is covered with a mantle. And Saul perceived that it was Samuel and he stooped with his face to the ground and bowed himself.

15And Samuel said to Saul, Why have you disquieted me, to bring me up? And Saul answered, I am sore distressed for the Philistines make war against me and God is departed from me and does not answer me any more neither by prophets nor by dreams. Therefore I have called you so that you may make known to me what I shall do. 16Then Samuel said, Why then do you ask of me, seeing the LORD has departed from you and has become your enemy? 17And the LORD has done to you, as he spoke by me for the LORD has torn the kingdom out of your hand and given it to your neighbor, even to David 18Because you did not obey the voice of the LORD nor execute his fierce anger on Amalek. Therefore the LORD has done this thing to you this day. 19Also the LORD will also deliver Israel with you into the hand of the Philistines and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me. The LORD shall also deliver the host of Israel into the hand of the Philistines.

20Then Saul fell immediately all along on the earth and was sore afraid because of the words of Samuel and there was no strength in him for he had eaten no bread all the day nor all the night. 21And the woman came to Saul and saw that he was sore troubled and said to him, Behold, your handmaid has obeyed your voice and I have put my life in my hand and have listened to your words which you spoke to me. 22Now therefore, I beseech you, listen also to the voice of your handmaid and let me set a morsel of bread before you and eat so that you may have strength, when you go on your way. 23But he refused and said, I will not eat. But his servants, together with the woman, compelled him and he listened to their voice. So he arose from the earth and sat on the bed. 24And the woman had a fat calf in the house and she hurried and killed it and took flour and kneaded it and baked unleavened bread with it 25And she brought it before Saul and before his servants and they ate. Then they rose up and went away that night.

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Chapter 29

1Now the Philistines gathered all their armies together to Aphek and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel. 2And the lords of the Philistines passed on by hundreds and by thousands but David and his men passed on in the rear with Achish. 3Then the princes of the Philistines said, Why are these Hebrews here? And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, Isn't this David, the servant of Saul the king of Israel, who has been with me these days or these years and I have found no fault in him since he fell to me to this day? 4And the princes of the Philistines were angry with him and the princes of the Philistines said to him, Make this man return so that he may go again to his place which you have appointed him and let him not go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he is an adversary to us for with what shall he reconcile himself to his master? Should it not be with the heads of these men? 5Isn't this David, of whom they sang one to another in dances, saying, Saul killed his thousands and David his ten thousands?

6Then Achish called David and said to him, Surely, as the LORD lives, you have been upright and your going out and your coming in with me in the host is good in my sight for I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me to this day but the lords do not favor you. 7Therefore return now and go in peace so that you do not displease the lords of the Philistines. 8And David said to Achish but what have I done and what have you found in your servant so long as I have been with you to this day, that I may not go to fight against the enemies of my lord the king? 9And Achish answered and said to David, I know that you are good in my sight, as an angel of God but the princes of the Philistines have said, He shall not go up with us to the battle. 10Therefore now rise up early in the morning with your master's servants who are come with you and as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart. 11So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return to the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

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Chapter 30

1And when David and his men had come to Ziklag on the third day the Amalekites had invaded the south and Ziklag and had attacked Ziklag and burned it with fire 2And had taken captive the women who were in it. They did not kill any, either great or small but carried them away and went on their way. 3So David and his men came to the city and, behold, it was burned with fire and their wives and their sons and their daughters were taken captives. 4Then David and the people who were with him lifted up their voices and wept, until they had no more power to weep. 5And David's two wives were taken captives, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess and Abigail the wife of Nabal the Carmelite. 6And David was greatly distressed, for the people spoke of stoning him because the souls of all the people were grieved, every man for his sons and for his daughters but David encouraged himself in the LORD his God.

7And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I beseech you, bring the ephod here to me. And Abiathar brought the ephod to David. 8And David enquired at the LORD, saying, Shall I pursue after this troop? Shall I overtake them? And he answered him, Pursue for you shall surely overtake them and without fail recover all. 9So David went, he and the six hundred men who were with him and came to the brook Besor, where those who were left behind stayed. 10But David pursued, he and four hundred men for two hundred stayed behind, who were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor. 11And they found an Egyptian in the field and brought him to David and gave him bread and he ate and they made him drink water 12And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs and two clusters of raisins and when he had eaten, his spirit came to him again for he had eaten no bread nor drunk any water for three days and three nights. 13And David said to him, To whom do you belong? and where are you from? And he said, I am a young man of Egypt, a servant to an Amalekite and my master left me, because three days ago I fell sick. 14We made an invasion on the south of the Cherethites and on the coast which belongs to Judah and on the south of Caleb and we burned Ziklag with fire. 15And David said to him, Can you bring me down to this company? And he said, Swear by God to me that you will neither kill me nor deliver me into the hands of my master and I will bring you down to this company. 16And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad on all the earth, eating and drinking and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines and out of the land of Judah. 17And David struck them from the twilight even to the evening of the next day and a man of them did not escape, except four hundred young men, who rode on camels and fled. 18And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away and David rescued his two wives. 19And there was nothing lacking to them neither small nor great nor sons nor daughters nor spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them. David recovered all. 20And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drove before those other cattle and said, This is David's spoil.

21And David came to the two hundred men, who were so faint that they could not follow David, whom they had also made to stay at the brook Besor and they went out to meet David and to meet the people who were with him. And when David came near to the people, he saluted them. 22Then all the wicked men and men of Belial of those who went with David answered and said, Because they did not go with us, we will not give them anything of the spoil that we have recovered, except to every man his wife and his children so that they may lead them away and depart. 23Then David said, you shall not do so, my brothers, with that which the LORD has given us, who has preserved us and delivered the company who came against us into our hand. 24For who will listen to you in this matter? But as his part is who goes down to the battle, so shall his part be who waits by the stuff. They shall part alike. 25And from that day forward he made it a statute and an ordinance for Israel to this day 26And when David came to Ziklag, he sent of the spoil to the elders of Judah, even to his friends, saying, Behold a present for you of the spoil of the enemies of the LORD, 27To those who were in Bethel and to those who were in south Ramoth and to those who were in Jattir 28And to those who were in Aroer and to those who were in Siphmoth and to those who were in Eshtemoa 29And to those who were in Rachal and to those who were in the cities of the Jerahmeelites and to those who were in the cities of the Kenites 30And to those who were in Hormah and to those who were in Chorashan and to those who were in Athach, 31And to those who were in Hebron and to all the places where David himself and his men used to haunt.

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Chapter 31

1Now the Philistines fought against Israel and the men of Israel fled from before the Philistines and fell down slain in Mount Gilboa. 2And the Philistines followed hard on Saul and on his sons and the Philistines killed Jonathan and Abinadab and Malchishua, Saul's sons. 3And the battle went sore against Saul and the archers hit him and he was wounded sore by the archers. 4Then Saul said to his armorbearer, Draw your sword and thrust me through with it, lest these uncircumcised come and thrust me through and abuse me. But his armorbearer would not for he was sore afraid. Therefore Saul took a sword and fell on it. 5And when his armorbearer saw that Saul was dead, he likewise fell on his sword and died with him. 6So Saul died and his three sons and his armorbearer and all his men that same day together. 7And when the men of Israel who were on the other side of the valley and those who were on the other side of the Jordan, saw that the men of Israel fled and that Saul and his sons were dead, they forsook the cities and fled and the Philistines came and dwelled in them.

8And when the Philistines came to strip the slain in the morning, they found Saul and his three sons fallen in Mount Gilboa. 9And they cut off his head and stripped off his armor and sent into the land of the Philistines around about, to publish it in the house of their idols and among the people. 10And they put his armor in the house of Ashtaroth and they fastened his body to the wall of Bethshan. 11And when the inhabitants of Jabeshgilead heard of that which the Philistines had done to Saul, 12All the valiant men arose and went all night and took the body of Saul and the bodies of his sons from the wall of Bethshan and came to Jabesh and burned them there. 13And they took their bones and buried them under a tree at Jabesh and fasted seven days.


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