Fred Miller's Revised King James' Version

ESTHER


CHAPTERS:  [1]  [2]  [3]  [4]  [5]  [6]  [7]  [8]  [9]  [10]

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Esther 1

1Now in the days of Ahasuerus, this is Ahasuerus who reigned, from India to Ethiopia, over one hundred twenty seven provinces, 2In those days, when the king Ahasuerus sat on the throne of his kingdom, which was in Shushan the palace, 3He made a feast for all his princes and his servants in the third year of his reign. The powers of Persia and Media, the nobles and princes of the provinces, were before him. 4When he showed the riches of his glorious kingdom and the honor of his excellent majesty many days, even one hundred sixty days. 5And when those days were expired, the king made a feast for seven days in the court of the garden of the king's palace, to all the people who were present in Shushan the palace, both for great and small. 6There were white, green and blue, hangings, fastened with cords of fine linen and purple to silver rings and pillars of marble. The beds were of gold and silver, on a pavement of red and blue and white and black, marble. 7And they gave them drink in vessels of gold, the vessels being different from each other and royal wine in abundance, according to the state of the king. 8And the drinking was according to the law, no one was compelled for so the king had appointed to all the officers of his house that they should do according to every man's pleasure. 9Also Vashti the queen made a feast for the women in the royal house which belonged to king Ahasuerus.

10When the heart of the king was merry with wine on the seventh day, he commanded Mehuman, Biztha, Harbona, Bigtha and Abagtha, Zethar and Carcas, the seven chamberlains who served in the presence of Ahasuerus the king, 11To bring Vashti the queen before the king with the royal crown, to show her beauty to the people and the princes for she was fair looking. 12But queen Vashti refused to come at the king's commandment by his chamberlains. Therefore the king was very angry and his anger burned in him. 13Then the king said to the wise men, who knew the times, for so was the king's manner toward all who knew law and judgment. 14And next to him was Carshena, Shethar, Admatha, Tarshish, Meres, Marsena and Memucan, the seven princes of Persia and Media, who saw the king's face and who sat first in the kingdom, 15What shall we do to the queen Vashti according to law, because she has not performed the commandment of the king Ahasuerus by the chamberlains? 16And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen has not only done wrong to the king, but also to all the princes and to all the people who are in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus. 17For this deed of the queen shall come abroad to all women so that when it shall be reported, they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, because king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she did not come. 18Likewise the ladies of Persia and Media shall speak this day to all the king's princes, who have heard of the deed of the queen. Thus there shall arise too much contempt and anger. 19If it please the king, let a royal commandment go out from him and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes so that it will not be altered so that Vashti does not come anymore before king Ahasuerus and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she. 20And when the king's decree, which he shall make, shall be published throughout all his empire, for it is great, all the wives shall give honor to their husbands, both great and small. 21And the saying pleased the king and the princes and the king did according to the word of Memucan 22For he sent letters into all the king's provinces, into every province according to its script and to every nation after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house and that it should be published according to the language of his people.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 2

1After these things, when the anger of king Ahasuerus was appeased, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what was decreed against her. 2Then the king's servants who ministered to him said, Let fair young virgins be sought for the king 3And let the king appoint officers in all the provinces of his kingdom so that they may gather together all the fair young virgins to Shushan the palace, to the house of the women, to the custody of Hegai the king's chamberlain, keeper of the women and let their things for purification be given to them. 4And let the maiden who pleases the king be queen instead of Vashti. And the thing pleased the king and he did so. 5Now in Shushan the palace there was a certain Jew, whose name was Mordecai, the son of Jair, the son of Shimei, the son of Kish, a Benjamite, 6Who had been carried away from Jerusalem with the captivity which had been carried away with Jeconiah king of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon had carried away. 7And he brought up Hadassah, that is, Esther, his uncle's daughter for she had neither father nor mother and the maid was fair and beautiful, whom Mordecai took for his own daughter when her father and mother were dead. 8So when the king's commandment and his decree was heard and when many maidens were gathered together to Shushan the palace, to the custody of Hegai that Esther was also brought to the king's house, to the custody of Hegai, keeper of the women. 9And the maiden pleased him and she obtained kindness from him and he speedily gave her her things for purification, with such things as belonged to her and seven maidens out of the king's house, who were fit to be given to her and he preferred her and her maids to the best place of the house of the women. 10Esther had not shown her people nor her family for Mordecai had charged her that she should not show it. 11And Mordecai walked every day before the court of the women's house, to know how Esther did and what would become of her. 12Now when every maid's turn had come to go in to king Ahasuerus, after she had been there twelve months, according to the manner of women for so were the days of their purification accomplished, that is, six months with oil of myrrh and six months with sweet odors and with other things for the purifying of women, 13Then every maiden came to the king. Whatever she desired was given to her to go with her out of the house of the women to the king's house. 14In the evening she went and in the morning she returned to the second house of the women, to the custody of Shaashgaz, the king's chamberlain, who kept the concubines. She would not come in to the king any more, unless the king delighted in her and she would be called by name. 15Now when the turn of Esther, the daughter of Abihail the uncle of Mordecai, who had taken her for his daughter, had come to go in to the king, she required nothing but what Hegai the king's chamberlain, the keeper of the women, appointed. And Esther obtained favor in the sight of all of those who looked on her. 16So Esther was taken to king Ahasuerus to his royal house in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign. 17And the king loved Esther above all the women and she obtained grace and favor in his sight more than all the virgins so that he set the royal crown on her head and made her queen instead of Vashti. 18Then the king made a great feast for all his princes and his servants, even Esther's feast and he made a release to the provinces and gave gifts, according to the state of the king. 19And when the virgins were gathered together the second time, then Mordecai sat in the king's gate. 20Esther had not shown her family nor her people, as Mordecai had charged her for Esther did the commandment of Mordecai, as when she was brought up with him.

21In those days, while Mordecai sat in the king's gate, two of the king's chamberlains, of those who kept the door, Bigthan and Teresh, were angry and sought to lay hands on king Ahasuerus. 22And the thing was known to Mordecai, who told it to Esther the queen and Esther certified it to the king in Mordecai's name. 23And when inquisition was made of the matter, it was found out. Therefore they were both hanged on a tree and it was written in the book of the chronicles before the king.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 3

1After these things king Ahasuerus promoted Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite and advanced him and set his seat above all the princes who were with him. 2And all the king's servants, who were in the king's gate, bowed and reverenced Haman for the king had commanded so concerning him. But Mordecai did not bow nor do him reverence. 3Then the king's servants, who were in the king's gate, said to Mordecai, Why do you transgress the king's commandment? 4Now when they spoke daily to him and he did not listen to them, they told Haman, to see whether Mordecai's matters would stand for he had told them that he was a Jew. 5And when Haman saw that Mordecai did not bow nor show him reverence, then Haman was full of anger. 6And he scorned to lay hands on Mordecai alone, for they had shown him the people of Mordecai. Therefore Haman sought to destroy all the Jews who were throughout the whole kingdom of Ahasuerus, even the people of Mordecai.

7In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar. 8And Haman said to king Ahasuerus, There is a certain people scattered abroad and dispersed among the people in all the provinces of your kingdom and their laws are different from all people, neither do they keep the king's laws. Therefore it is not for the king's profit to suffer them. 9If it pleases the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed and I will pay ten thousand talents of silver to the hands of those who have the charge of the business, to bring it into the king's treasuries. 10And the king took his ring from his hand and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy. 11And the king said to Haman, The silver is given to you, the people also, to do with them as it seems good to you. 12Then the king's scribes were called on the thirteenth day of the first month and there was written according to all that Haman had commanded to the king's lieutenants and to the governors who were over every province and to the rulers of every people of every province according to its script and to every people after their language, it was written in the name of king Ahasuerus and sealed with the king's ring. 13And the letters were sent by posts into all the king's provinces, to destroy, to kill and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar and to take the spoil of them for a prey. 14The copy of the writing was published to all people for a commandment to be given in every province that they should be ready against that day. 15The posts went out, being hurried by the king's commandment and the decree was given in Shushan the palace. And the king and Haman sat down to drink, but the city Shushan was perplexed.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 4

1When Mordecai perceived all that was done, Mordecai tore his clothes and put on sackcloth with ashes and went out into the midst of the city and cried with a loud and a bitter cry 2And he even came before the king's gate for no one might enter into the king's gate clothed with sackcloth. 3And in every province, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, there was great mourning among the Jews and fasting and weeping and wailing and many lay in sackcloth and ashes. 4So Esther's maids and her chamberlains came and told it to her. Then the queen was exceedingly grieved and she sent raiment to clothe Mordecai and to take away his sackcloth from him but he would not receive it.

5Then Esther called for Hatach, one of the king's chamberlains, whom he had appointed to attend to her and gave him a commandment to Mordecai, to know what it was and why it was. 6So Hatach went out to Mordecai to the street of the city, which was before the king's gate. 7And Mordecai told him all that had happened to him and of the sum of the money that Haman had promised to pay to the king's treasuries to destroy the Jews. 8Also he gave him the copy of the writing of the decree that was given at Shushan to destroy them, to show it to Esther and to declare it to her and to charge her that she should go in to the king, to make supplication to him and to make request before him for her people. 9And Hatach came and told Esther the words of Mordecai. 10Again Esther spoke to Hatach and gave him commandment to Mordecai, 11All the king's servants and the people of the king's provinces, do know, that whoever, whether man or woman, shall come to the king into the inner court, who is not called, there is one law of his. To put him to death, except such to whom the king shall hold out the golden scepter that he may live. But I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days. 12And they told Esther's words to Mordecai. 13Then Mordecai commanded to answer Esther, Do not think with yourself that you shall escape in the king's house, more than all the Jews. 14For if you altogether hold your peace at this time, then there shall arise enlargement and deliverance to the Jews from another place, but you and your father's house shall be destroyed and who knows whether you have come to the kingdom for such a time as this? 15Then Esther bade them to return Mordecai this answer, 16Go, gather together all the Jews who are present in Shushan and fast for me and do not eat nor drink three days, night or day, I and my maidens also will fast likewise and so I will go in to the king, which is not according to the law and if I perish, I perish. 17So Mordecai went his way and did according to all that Esther had commanded him.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 5

1Now on the third day, Esther put on her royal apparel and stood in the inner court of the king's house, opposite the king's house and the king sat on his royal throne in the royal house, opposite the gate of the house. 2And when the king saw Esther the queen standing in the court she obtained favor in his sight and the king held out to Esther the golden scepter that was in his hand. So Esther drew near and touched the top of the scepter. 3Then the king said to her, Queen Esther, What do you want and what is your request? It shall be even given you to the half of the kingdom. 4And Esther answered, If it seems good to the king, let the king and Haman come this day to the banquet that I have prepared for him. 5Then the king said, Cause Haman to hurry, that he may do as Esther has said. So the king and Haman came to the banquet that Esther had prepared. 6And the king said to Esther at the banquet of wine, What is your petition? and it shall be granted you and what is your request? even to the half of the kingdom it shall be performed. 7Then Esther answered and said, My petition and my request is, 8If I have found favor in the sight of the king and if it pleases the king to grant my petition and to perform my request, let the king and Haman come to the banquet that I shall prepare for them and I will do tomorrow as the king has said.

9Then Haman went out that day joyful and with a glad heart but when Haman saw Mordecai in the king's gate, that he did not stand up nor move for him, he was full of indignation against Mordecai. 10But Haman restrained himself and when he came home, he sent and called for his friends and Zeresh his wife. 11And Haman told them of the glory of his riches and the multitude of his children and all the things in which the king had promoted him and how he had advanced him above the princes and servants of the king. 12Haman also said, Yes, Esther the queen let no man come in with the king to the banquet that she had prepared but myself and tomorrow I am invited by her also with the king. 13Yet all this avails me nothing, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting at the king's gate. 14Then Zeresh his wife and all his friends said to him, Let a gallows be made fifty cubits high and tomorrow speak to the king that Mordecai may be hanged on it. Then go in merrily with the king to the banquet. And the thing pleased Haman and he caused the gallows to be made.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 6

1On that night the king could not sleep and he commanded to bring the book of records of the chronicles and they were read before the king. 2And it was found written, that Mordecai had told of Bigthana and Teresh the keepers of the door, two of the king's chamberlains, who sought to lay hands on king Ahasuerus. 3And the king said, What honor and dignity has been done to Mordecai for this? Then the king's servants who ministered to him said, Nothing has been done for him.

4And the king asked, Who is in the court? Now Haman had come into the outer court of the king's house, to speak to the king to hang Mordecai on the gallows that he had prepared for him. 5And the king's servants said to him, Behold, Haman stands in the court. And the king said, Let him come in. 6So Haman came in and the king said to him, What shall be done to the man whom the king delights to honor? Now Haman thought in his heart, To whom would the king delight to do honor more than to myself? 7And Haman answered the king, For the man whom the king delights to honor, 8Let the royal apparel be brought which the king is used to wear and the horse that the king rides on and the royal crown which is set on his head 9And let this apparel and horse be delivered to the hand of one of the king's most noble princes that they may array the man whom the king delights to honor and bring him on horseback through the street of the city and proclaim before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor. 10Then the king said to Haman, Hurry and take the apparel and the horse, as you have said and do even so to Mordecai the Jew who sits at the king's gate. Let nothing fail of all that you have spoken. 11Then Haman took the apparel and the horse and arrayed Mordecai and brought him on horseback through the streets of the city and proclaimed before him, Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor.

12And Mordecai came again to the king's gate. But Haman hurried to his house mourning and having his head covered. 13And Haman told Zeresh his wife and all his friends every thing that had befallen him. Then his wise men and Zeresh his wife said to him, If Mordecai is of the seed of the Jews, before whom you have begun to fall, you shall not prevail against him, but shall surely fall before him. 14And while they were yet talking with him, the king's chamberlains came and hurried to bring Haman to the banquet that Esther had prepared.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 7

1So the king and Haman came to banquet with Esther the queen. 2And the king said again to Esther on the second day at the banquet of wine, What is your petition, queen Esther? and it shall be granted you and what is your request? and it shall be performed, even to the half of the kingdom. 3Then Esther the queen answered and said, If I have found favor in your sight, O king and if it pleases the king, let my life be given me at my petition and my people at my request. 4For we are sold, I and my people, to be destroyed, to be slain and to perish. But if we had been sold for bondmen and bondwomen, I would have held my tongue, even though the enemy could not equal the king's damage. 5Then the king Ahasuerus answered and said to Esther the queen, Who is he and where is he, who does presume in his heart to do so? 6And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

7And the king arising from the banquet of wine in his anger went into the palace garden and Haman stood up to make request for his life to Esther the queen for he saw that there was evil determined against him by the king. 8Then the king returned out of the palace garden to the place of the banquet of wine and Haman had fallen on the bed on which Esther was. Then the king said, Will he force the queen also before me in the house? As the word went out of the king's mouth, they covered Haman's face. 9And Harbonah, one of the chamberlains, said before the king, Behold also, the gallows fifty cubits high, which Haman had made for Mordecai, who had spoken good for the king, stands in the house of Haman. Then the king said, Hang him on it. 10So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then the king's anger was pacified.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 8

1On that day the king Ahasuerus gave the house of Haman the Jews' enemy to Esther the queen. And Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had told what he was to her. 2And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.

3And Esther spoke once more before the king and fell down at his feet and pleaded with him with tears to put away the mischief of Haman the Agagite and his device that he had devised against the Jews. 4Then the king held out the golden scepter toward Esther. So Esther arose and stood before the king 5And said, If it please the king and if I have found favor in his sight and the thing seems right before the king and I am pleasing in his eyes, let it be written to reverse the letters devised by Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who are in all the king's provinces. 6For how can I endure to see the evil that shall come to my people? or how can I endure to see the destruction of my relatives? 7Then king Ahasuerus said to Esther the queen and to Mordecai the Jew, Behold, I have given Esther the house of Haman and they have hanged him on the gallows, because he laid his hand on the Jews. 8Write also for the Jews, as you like, in the king's name and seal it with the king's ring for the writing which is written in the king's name and sealed with the king's ring, no man may reverse. 9Then the king's scribes were called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the twenty third day and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded to the Jews and to the lieutenants and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India to Ethiopia, one hundred twenty seven provinces, to every province according to its script and to every people after their language and to the Jews according to their writing and according to their language. 10And he wrote in the name of king Ahasuerus and sealed it with the king's ring and sent letters by posts on horseback and riders on mules, camels and young dromedaries. 11In which the king granted the Jews who were in every city to gather themselves together and to stand for their life, to destroy, to kill and to cause to perish, all the power of the people and province who would assault them, both little ones and women and to take the spoil of them for a prey, 12On one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar. 13The copy of the writing for a commandment to be given in every province was published to all people and that the Jews should be ready against that day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14So the posts who rode on mules and camels went out, being hurried and pressed on by the king's commandment. And the decree was given at Shushan the palace.

15And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white and with a great crown of gold and with a garment of fine linen and purple and the city of Shushan rejoiced and was glad. 16The Jews had light and gladness and joy and honor. 17And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews, because the fear of the Jews fell on them.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 9

1Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king's commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them who hated them. 2The Jews gathered themselves together in their cities throughout all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus, to lay hand on such who sought their hurt and no man could withstand them, for the fear of them fell on all people. 3And all the rulers of the provinces and the lieutenants and the deputies and officers of the king, helped the Jews, because the fear of Mordecai fell on them. 4For Mordecai was great in the king's house and his fame went out throughout all the provinces for this man Mordecai grew greater and greater. 5Thus the Jews struck all their enemies with the stroke of the sword and slaughter and destruction and did what they would to those who hated them. 6And in Shushan the palace the Jews killed and destroyed five hundred men. 7And Parshandatha and Dalphon and Aspatha, 8And Poratha and Adalia and Aridatha, 9And Parmashta and Arisai and Aridai and Vajezatha, 10They killed the ten sons of Haman the son of Hammedatha the enemy of the Jews but they did not lay their hand on the spoil. 11On that day the number of those who were killed in Shushan the palace was brought before the king. 12And the king said to Esther the queen, The Jews have killed and destroyed five hundred men in Shushan the palace and the ten sons of Haman. What have they done in the rest of the king's provinces? Now what is your petition? and it shall be granted to you or what is your request further? and it shall be done. 13Then Esther said, If it pleases the king, let it be granted to the Jews who are in Shushan to do tomorrow also according to this day's decree and let Haman's ten sons be hanged on the gallows. 14And the king commanded it to be done and the decree was given at Shushan and they hanged Haman's ten sons. 15For the Jews who were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar and killed three hundred men at Shushan, but they did not lay their hand on the spoils. 16But the other Jews who were in the king's provinces gathered themselves together and stood for their lives and had rest from their enemies and killed of their foes seventy five thousand, but they did not lay their hands on the prey, 17On the thirteenth day of the month of Adar and on the fourteenth day of the same they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 18But the Jews who were at Shushan assembled together on the thirteenth day and on the fourteenth and on the fifteenth day of the same they rested and made it a day of feasting and gladness. 19Therefore the Jews of the villages, who dwelled in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month of Adar a day of gladness and feasting and a good day and of sending portions to one another.

20And Mordecai wrote these things and sent letters to all the Jews who were in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, both near and far, 21To establish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month of Adar and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly, 22As the days in which the Jews rested from their enemies and the month which was turned to them from sorrow to joy and from mourning to a good day that they should make them days of feasting and joy and of sending portions to one another and gifts to the poor. 23And the Jews undertook to do as they had begun and as Mordecai had written to them, 24Because Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, the enemy of all the Jews, had devised against the Jews to destroy them and had cast Pur, that is, the lot, to consume them and to destroy them, 25But when Esther came before the king, he commanded by letters that his wicked device, which he devised against the Jews, should return on his own head and that he and his sons should be hanged on the gallows. 26Wherefore they called these days Purim after the name of Pur. Therefore for all the words of this letter and of that which they had seen concerning this matter and which had come to them, 27The Jews ordained and took on them and on their seed and on all such as joined themselves to them, so it would not fail, that they would keep these two days according to their writing and according to their appointed time every year 28And that these days should be remembered and kept throughout every generation, every family, every province and every city, and that these days of Purim should not fail from among the Jews nor the memorial of them perish from their seed. 29Then Esther the queen, the daughter of Abihail and Mordecai the Jew, wrote with all authority, to confirm this second letter of Purim. 30And he sent the letters to all the Jews, to the hundred twenty seven provinces of the kingdom of Ahasuerus, with words of peace and truth, 31To confirm these days of Purim in their appointed times according as Mordecai the Jew and Esther the queen had enjoined them and as they had decreed for themselves and for their seed, the matters of the fastings and their cry. 32And the decree of Esther confirmed these matters of Purim and it was written in the book.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES

Chapter 10

1And king Ahasuerus laid a tax on the land and on the isles of the sea. 2And all the acts of his power and of his might and the declaration of the greatness of Mordecai, to which the king advanced him, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Media and Persia? 3For Mordecai the Jew was next to king Ahasuerus and great among the Jews and accepted of the multitude of his brothers, seeking the wealth of his people and speaking peace to all his seed.

BACK   TOP  BOOK TITLES