Deuterocanonical Apocrypha: First Book of Macabees 3
First Book of Macabees
3:1 Then his son Judas, called Maccabeus, rose up in his stead.
3:2 And all his brethren helped him, and so did all they that held with his father, and
they fought the battle of Israel with cheerfulness.
3:3 So he got his people great honor, and put on a breastplate as a giant, and girt his
warlike harness about him, and he made battles, protecting the host with his sword.
3:4 In his acts he was like a lion, and like a lion's whelp roaring for his prey.
3:5 For He pursued the wicked, and sought them out, and burned up those who vexed his
3:6 Wherefore the wicked shrank for fear of him, and all the workers of iniquity were
troubled, because salvation prospered in his hand.
3:7 He also grieved many kings, and made Jacob glad with his acts, and his memorial is
blessed for ever.
3:8 Moreover he went through the cities of Judea, destroying the ungodly out of them,
and turning away wrath from Israel:
3:9 So that he was renowned to the utmost part of the earth, and he received to himself
such who were ready to perish.
3:10 Then Apollonius gathered the Gentiles together, and a great host out of Samaria,
to fight against Israel.
3:11 Which when Judas perceived, he went out to meet him, and so he struck
him, and slew him: many also fell down slain, but the rest fled.
3:12 Wherefore Judas took their spoils, and Apollonius' sword also, and with it he fought
all his life long.
3:13 Now when Seron, a prince of the army of Syria, heard say that Judas had gathered
a multitude to him and a company of the faithful to go out with him to war;
3:14 He said, I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom; for I will go fight with
Judas and those who are with him, who despise the king's commandment.
3:15 So he made himself ready to go up, and there went with him a mighty host of the
ungodly to help him, and be avenged of the children of Israel.
3:16 And when he came near to the going up of Bethhoron, Judas went out to meet him with
a small company:
3:17 Who, when they saw the host coming to meet them, said to Judas, How shall we be able,
being so few, to fight against so great and so strong a multitude, seeing we are all ready to faint with fasting
3:18 to whom Judas answered, It is no hard matter for many to be shut up in the hands of
a few; and with the God of heaven it is all one, to deliver with a great multitude, or a small company:
3:19 For the victory of battle stands not in the multitude of a host; but strength comes
3:20 They come against us in much pride and iniquity to destroy us and our wives and
children, and to spoil us:
3:21 But we fight for our lives and our laws.
3:22 Therefore the Lord himself will overthrow them before our face: and as for you, do
not be afraid of them.
3:23 Now as soon as he had stopped speaking, he leaped suddenly on them, and so Seron
and his host were overthrown before him.
3:24 And they pursued them from the going down of Bethhoron to the plain, where there were
slain about eight hundred men of them; and the rest fled into the land of the Philistines.
3:25 Then the fear of Judas and his brethren, and an exceedingly great dread began to fall upon the nations
round about them:
3:26 Insomuch as his fame came to the king, and all nations talked of the battles of
3:27 Now when king Antiochus heard these things, he was full of indignation: wherefore
he gathered together and sent all the forces of his realm, even a very strong army.
3:28 He also opened his treasure, and gave his soldiers pay for a year, commanding them
to be ready when ever he should need them.
3:29 Nevertheless, when he saw that the money of his treasures failed and that the
tributes in the country were small, because of the dissension and plague which he had brought upon the land
in taking away the laws which had been of old time;
3:30 He feared that he should not be able to bear the charges any longer, nor to have
such gifts to give so liberally as he did before: for he had abounded in this above the kings that were before
3:31 Wherefore, being greatly perplexed in his mind, he determined to go into Persia,
there to take the tributes of the countries, and to gather much money.
3:32 So he left Lysias, a nobleman, and one of royal blood, to oversee the affairs of
the king from the river Euphrates to the borders of Egypt:
3:33 And to bring up his son Antiochus, until he came again.
3:34 Moreover he delivered to him the half of his forces, and the elephants, and gave
him charge of all things that he would have done, and also concerning them that dwelt in Judea and Jerusalem:
3:35 To wit, that he should send an army against them, to destroy and root out the
strength of Israel, and the remnant of Jerusalem, and to take away their memorial from that place;
3:36 And that he should place strangers in all their quarters, and divide their land by
3:37 So the king took the half of the forces that remained, and departed from Antioch,
his royal city, the hundred forty and seventh year; and having passed the river Euphrates, he went through
the high countries.
3:38 Then Lysias chose Ptolemey the son of Dorymenes, Nicanor, and Gorgias, mighty men
of the king's friends:
3:39 And with them he sent forty thousand footmen, and seven thousand horsemen, to go
into the land of Judea, and to destroy it, as the king commanded.
3:40 So they went out with all their power, and came and pitched by Emmaus in the plain
3:41 And the merchants of the country, hearing the fame of them, took very much silver
and gold with servants, and came into the camp to buy the children of Israel for slaves: the power of
Syria and of the land of the Philistines also joined themselves to them.
3:42 Now when Judas and his brethren saw that miseries were multiplied, and that the
forces did encamp themselves in their borders: for they knew how the king had given commandment to destroy
the people, and utterly abolish them;
3:43 They said one to another, Let us restore the decayed fortune of our people, and
let us fight for our people and the sanctuary.
3:44 Then the congregation was gathered together, that they might be ready for battle,
and that they might pray, and ask mercy and compassion.
3:45 Now Jerusalem lay void as a wilderness, there were none of her children that went
in or out: the sanctuary also was trodden down, and aliens kept the strong hold; the heathen had their
habitation in that place; and joy was taken from Jacob, and the pipe with the harp ceased.
3:46 Wherefore the Israelites assembled themselves together, and came to Maspha, over
against Jerusalem; for in Maspha was the place where they prayed aforetime in Israel.
3:47 Then they fasted that day, and put on sackcloth, and cast ashes upon their heads,
and tore their clothes,
3:48 And laid open the book of the law, in shich the heathen had sought to paint the
likeness of their images.
3:49 They also brought the priests' garments, and the firstfruits, and the tithes: and
they stirred up the Nazarites who had accomplished their days.
3:50 Then they cried with a loud voice toward heaven, saying, What shall we do with
these, and where shall we carry them away?
3:51 For your sanctuary is trodden down and profaned, and your priests are in heaviness,
and brought low.
3:52 And lo, the heathen are assembled together against us to destroy us: what things
they imagine against us, You knowest.
3:53 How shall we be able to stand against them, except You, O God, are our help?
3:54 Then they sounded with trumpets, and cried with a loud voice.
3:55 And after this Judas ordained captains over the people, even captains over
thousands, and over hundreds, and over fifties, and over tens.
3:56 But as for such as were building houses, or had betrothed wives, or were planting
vineyards, or were fearful, those he commanded that they should return, every man to his own house,
according to the law.
3:57 So the camp removed, and pitched on the south side of Emmaus.
3:58 And Judas said, arm yourselves, and be valiant men, and see that you are in
readiness against the morning, that you may fight with these nations, that are assembled together against us
to destroy us and our sanctuary:
3:59 For it is better for us to die in battle, than to behold the calamities of our
people and our sanctuary.
3:60 Nevertheless, as the will of God in heaven is, so let Him do.