The Great Isaiah Scroll 28:2 to 28:24
Although this is the third and last page in a shorter section of the scroll it is in good condition with no blemishes on the page with one possible exception. Perhaps some slight repair is seen at the top and bottom of the seam and there is unraveling of the sutures that sewed it together in the center,--the holes of the needle actually being seen where the sutures are missing. There appears to be a blemish between the first and second words of line 3, but this may be an editors mistake and a yod maybe blurred in the 2nd word 3rd letter. It is also possible that this is a water mark. The rest of the letters and words on this page are clear and legible. There is a scribal or editor's mark that may set off a section that begins with verse 9 on line 10 and ends with verse 15 on line 19.
An unusual mark seen by some as "Chinese." The usual single horizontal stroke to mark the beginning of a section followed by the closing mark as seen after line 19 is different in this place between lines 9 and 10. But rather than "Chinese" there is a simpler and probably more accurate explanation. Between lines 9 and 10 there are two parallel horizontal marks, the top most of which crosses out the letter "pe." Masoretic editors of the scriptures marked divisions in the text with a pe (open) or a samech (closed). The M text has a samech here. Did a Q editor consider this to be "petach" or open? and then cross out that editorial addition? and then make another horizontal stroke so that the cross-out would not be confused for a mistake only rather than a horizontal division of text mark? The first letter of the corresponding line is also "pe" and it is possible that the scribe missed the marginal line and wrote pe and crossed it out then rewrote the letter in the proper place. This seems likely even though the crossed out pe is larger than in the first word of line 9. Some critics have suggested that this mark resembles a Chinese character but we think it is more likely explained as we have here as a crossing out of the pe and another mark to show the section division. See other marks in the Introductory page.
A digitally enlarged view
Paragraphs and spatiums:
There are four paragraphs and two spatiums on this page. Paragraphs begin on: line 5 = 28:5; line 10 = 28:9; line 17 = 28:14; line 31 = 28:23. Spatiums are on line 7 = 28:7; and line 26 = 28:21.
Variations from the Masoretic text in Q:
Line 2: last word Q = "g'ay" and M = "gey' " same as in line 30 of page 21.
Line 4: 1st word: Q = "be-'odnah" and M = "be-'odah."
Line 7: 3rd word: Q = "sha'ar" and M = "sha'arah."
Line 8: 1st word: Q = a misspelling; aleph left out of "nabiy' "
Line 10 A symbol which some think is similar to a Chinese character is in the margin at this place. See above.
Line 11: yod for waw A good example can be seen in this line of using yod for waw. Waw is the proper ending for words 3, 4 , 5 , and 6 in this line. They should be waw but are written yod. Since the next 4 words end in clearly written waw and the difference is distinct it is seen that the scribe ment to write yod where waw should be. This frequent and often unexplainable in the scroll. See the same in the last 7 words of line 14.
Line 13: 1st word: Q = suffix "hemah" and M = "hem." 5th word Q = "le-ya'ayeph" and M = "le- 'ayeph"
Line 19: 3rd word: Q = "yabor" ayin missing and M = "ya'abor" (kithuv) or " 'abor" (qiriy).
Line 20: 4th word: Q editor placed "adonay" above "YHWH" and M = "adonay YHWH." 6th word: Q = mosad" and M = "yisad."
Line 22: 5th word: Q = mimachseh" and M = machseh."
Line 23: 2nd word: Q = "'eth" accusative sign not in M. 3rd word Q = suf "kemah" and M = "kem."
Line 24: 5th word: Q spells 3mpl pf of "hayah" as "ve-hayiytemah."
Line 25: 1st word: Q = suf "kemah" and M = "kem." After the 7th word M = 've-hayah" not in Q.
Line 26: 6th word: Q = "mishtariyiym" and M = "hishtarea' " Last word: Q = "ve-ha-maskaskah" and M = "ve-ha-massekah." The next word in M, "tsarah" is not in Q.
Line 27: 1st word: Q = beth (prep) and M = kaf (prep) on "hitkanes."
. 7th word: Q = "be-'emeq" and M = "ke-'emeq."
Line 29: 1st word: Q = " 'atah" with aleph and M = " 'atah" with ayin. 6th word: Q = "mosreyteykem" and M = "mosreykem."
Line 30: 3rd word: Q = "me-'eth YHWH" and M = "me-'eth adonay YHWH"
Line 31: 1st word Q = editor added a needed "he"as in M.