The Great Isaiah Scroll 28:24 to 29:21
The seam between this and the last page is readily apparent on the right and has been described in the last page. Otherwise this page is very well preserved and all words are clear with one exception due to scribal error in line 17 in the third from last word on the line.
Paragraphs and Spatiums and Editorial Marks
: As is usual but not always the case the paragraphs and spatiums correspond with current versification. New paragraphs begin: line 7 = 29:1; line 16 = 29:8; and an indentation marks a new paragraph on line 22 = 29:13. There are spatiums marking complete verses: in line 14 = 29:8, line 25 = 29:15; line 28 = 29:18. Editors marks set off 29:13,14 in lines 22 to 25.
Line 1: 5th word: (28:24) Q = a yod is edited above "ve-shadad" making it read "ve-yishdad as in M.
Line 4: before 8th word, (28:28): Q = 1st word in vs 28 in M is omitted in Q. see below in variations. 8th word: waw is edited above to make Q " yadak" read "yudak" as in M.
Line 5: above 2nd word: (28:28) Q = "gilgal" is edited to read as M.
Line 17: 3rd word: (29:9) Q = a "he" is edited above a misspelled word. The "he" does not correct the spelling nor fit the word but may be euphonic ta make an open syllable.
Line 20: 2nd word: (29:11) Q = adds an article to "sepher." M = the kithuv is the same as the edited Q but the qer'e: is "sepher" (without article).
Line 26: 5th word (29:15) Q = a euphonic waw is added after (not before as would be expected) aleph in "ro'e:nu."
Line 27: 3rd word (29:16) Q editor added a waw to "yo'mer" for pronunciation.
Variations of the Q text from the Masoretic:
Line 2: 2nd word: (28:25) spelling: Q = ve-kiymon and M = "ve-kamon."
Line 3: 1st word (28:26) Q = "ve-yisre:hu" and M = "ve-yissero." It is the same word but Q has a different spelling for the 3ms suffix. Q = hu and M = o. 3rd word: Q omits yod found in M in "e'lohayv." 8th and 10th words: Q omits waws (o sounds) found in M which is the reverse of what is usually found.
Line 4: 1st word: (28:27) Q = "yasuv" and M = yusav." 8th word: (28:28) Q omits "lechem"(bread) which is the first word in this verse in M. In Q the 2nd from last word in this line: an infinitive of emphasis (lit: threshing he shall thresh) Q spells the word " 'adash" as "hadash" and M = " 'adosh."
Line 6: 1st word: (28:29) Q omits aleph found in M at the end of "hiphliya' ."
Line 9: 6th word: (29:3) Q = "metsudoth" (forts from masadah) and M = "metsuroth" (fences or ramparts).
Line 12: next to last word: (29:6) Q and M have the same spelling but an editor has placed 2 dots under the waw indicating that the M spelling was not acceptable to him in Q. See the 2 dots below and in line 12 above. The dots indicate what the editor felt was a mistaken letter and is not a vowel point. Without the dots the spelling of this word is identical to M. See other corrections using dots in the introducory page.
Line 13: 6th word: (29:7) Q has go'yiym spelled with aleph not done so in M.
Line 14 first word: The Q scribe often writes daleth and resh in reverse where it should be resh you find daleth and where you should find daleth he wrote resh. For an example of this often found anomaly compare the first word in line 14 with the 6th word in line 9.
Line 15: 3rd word: (29:8) Q = plural "naphshayv" and M = singular "naphsho."
Line 16: 2nd word: (28:8) (repositioned waw: Q = "sheqoqah" and M = "shoqe:qah"
Line 17: 3rd word: (29:9) a mispelling in Q = "hithshasha-u" This word has a tau edited over it resulting in "hithshatesha-u" and M = "hishta-'a-she-u" which rhymes in meter with the first word of this verse. This verse contains multiple alliterations and play on words. 6th and 7th words: Q = "ve-l'o mey-yayin" and M = ve-l'o yayin" 9th word: The word in Q is obscure and crowded; in harmony with context it should read "me:-l'o" but only "me-l" is visible. M = "ve-l'o."
Line 18: 2nd word: suffix 2mpl: Q = "kemah" and M = "kem."
Line 20: 8th word: (29:11) Q = verb imp "va-yo'mer" and M = verb perf. "va-'amar." Last word: Q = "ve-nathnu" and M = "ve-nithan."
Line 21: 11th word: (29:12) as in 8th of the last line Q = va-yo'mer" and M = "va-'amar."
Line 22: 3rd from last word Be-shiphtiyv (with (his) their lips) Thee is an unusual ink spot over the tau in this word. The color is bright aqua-marine and it is unmistakable. In the natural color photos it show op very clearly It would be interesting to find the source of this color.
Line 23: 4th word: (29:13) Q = "yarath" and M = "yiratham;" 10th word: (29:14) Q = "hineh" and M = "hine:niy;" 11th word (29:14) Q = "adonay" not found in M.
Line 24: words 1, 5, 6 "pela" should end with aleph. Q scribe wrote final he for each. Writing he for aleph is a frequent Q error.
Line 25: Last word: (29:15): Q = imp 3ms "va-yehiy" and M = perf. 3ms "ve-hayah."
Line 26: 9th and 10th words: (29:16) Q writes two words and M = same as one word: Q = "haphek mikem" and M = "haphek-ke-kem." The meaning is the same. Word 12 is the next to last in this line. It is " 'im-ke-cham" (with as heat?) (likely a misspelling leaving out a final resh) M = " 'im-kechomer" (by-as clay) with resh added to Q it then corresponds with M.
Line 27: 9th word: (29:16) another misspelling? Q = "chomer" and M = " 'amar." probably more than a mispelling because the text calls for "'amar" (say) but the scribe wrote "chomer" (clay) which is in the context but would not fit in this sentense. It is a human error and passed over by editors who usually correct such errors..
Line 29: 5th word (29:18) Q = add a final "he' to "u-me:'ophel" not in M.